|4.||Weight Loss (Weight Reduction)
|1.||Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar: 41 articles (08/2015 - 10/2003)|
|2.||Kovesdy, Csaba P: 26 articles (08/2015 - 05/2007)|
|3.||Stenvinkel, Peter: 25 articles (01/2014 - 01/2002)|
|4.||Lindholm, Bengt: 25 articles (01/2014 - 01/2002)|
|5.||Kopple, Joel D: 18 articles (06/2011 - 10/2003)|
|6.||Guerrant, Richard L: 17 articles (12/2015 - 06/2002)|
|7.||Forrester, Terrence: 15 articles (05/2014 - 09/2002)|
|8.||Heimbürger, Olof: 14 articles (01/2014 - 01/2002)|
|9.||Sezer, Siren: 13 articles (11/2014 - 01/2002)|
|10.||Reid, Marvin: 13 articles (05/2014 - 09/2002)|
|1.||Vitamin A (Retinol)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2012 - "Efficacy of high-dose vitamin A (VA) in children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has recently been questioned. "
01/01/2012 - "Efficacy of a high-dose in addition to daily low-dose vitamin A in children suffering from severe acute malnutrition with other illnesses."
09/01/2003 - "Fortified complementary foods could be effective in preventing and controlling vitamin A and other common nutritional deficiencies in young children. "
01/01/2013 - "Review of the safety and efficacy of vitamin A supplementation in the treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition."
07/01/1999 - "We hypothesized that weekly low-dose vitamin A supplementation would prevent respiratory and diarrheal disease morbidity and that malnutrition might influence the efficacy of vitamin A supplementation. "
|2.||Insulin-Like Growth Factor I (IGF-1)IBA
05/01/2012 - "Studies with data on how IGF-I is influenced by early diet in studies of preterm infants and young children with undernutrition from low-income countries will be helpful in recommending optimal diets."
07/01/1994 - "When their appropriate-for-gestational-age littermates were pair-fed this intake, there were no significant differences in plasma or hepatic concentrations of IGF-I. Thus, under conditions of controlled food intake, prenatal undernutrition does not affect the postnatal expression of IGF-I. However, when appropriate-for-gestational-age piglets were fed to repletion at 6-h intervals over the 12 d, they had a significantly greater hepatic IGF-I concentration (p < 0.002) and food intake (p < 0.001) than the small-for-gestational-age piglets, indicating a critical role for food intake regulation in catch-up growth. "
03/01/1999 - "When the effects of undernutrition were examined in specific brain regions of each group, the same pattern was observed, and IGF-I was found to be more effective in preserving the growth of the regions with the highest transgene expression (cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and diencephalon). "
01/01/2012 - "Circulating IGF-1 and CRP levels, together with erythrocyte sedimentation rate and indicators of malnutrition and muscle wasting, were measured in all the study participants. "
09/01/2009 - "Early studies emphasized the role of malnutrition in suppression of IGF-I production. "
10/01/2000 - "Our data suggest that tomatoes may be beneficial for child health but also emphasize the general importance of food-based approaches to the prevention of micronutrient malnutrition and protection of the health of children in developing countries."
03/01/2002 - "The final permanent solution to micronutrient malnutrition in developing countries is a substantial improvement in dietary quality--higher consumption of pulses, fruits, vegetables, fish and animal products that the poor already desire but cannot presently afford. "
07/01/2008 - "In CD and UC, selected micronutrient deficits and loss of BCM and muscle strength are frequent in remission and cannot be detected by standard malnutrition screening."
11/01/2015 - "The purpose of this study was to investigate whether RGYB induces malnutrition of macro- and micronutrients within 24 months in these patients. "
12/14/2014 - "The role of malnutrition and cassava toxicity in its pathogenesis is disproven and few studies have focused on the role of micronutrient deficiency and oxidative stress in the etiopathogenesis of TCP. "
06/01/2014 - "These values will be beneficial in assessing accurate vitamin status when monitoring children with GI disorders or malnutrition."
09/01/2006 - "Treatment with B-vitamin supplementation may be beneficial for the treatment of patients with AN, in cases in which the disorder develops at an early age before brain maturation (i.e., childhood-onset cases), along with an enduring course of malnutrition."
12/01/1984 - "The results of this pilot study indicated that a long-term intervention trial was feasible in Linxian and that the RDA dose level of vitamins was effective in ameliorating certain nutritional deficiencies prevalent in the study population."
07/01/2008 - "This study aims to measure (1) the frequency of Cu, Fe, and Zn deficiencies in children with acute malnutrition on day 1 and after 15- and 30-day treatments with F100 plus vitamins/minerals mix, and (2) anthropometric recovery after 30 d feeding ad libitum. "
11/01/1996 - "Vitamin B-6 malnutrition among elderly Europeans: the SENECA study."
|5.||Glucose (Dextrose)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2014 - "The current study aims to determine metabolic and molecular changes that underlie differences in lipid and glucose metabolism induced by undernutrition during specific developmental periods in male and female sheep. "
08/01/2010 - "The present study explored the effects of malnutrition and nutritional rehabilitation on the response to glucose in hypothalamic nuclei involved in metabolic homeostasis. "
05/01/2008 - "This study investigated whether undernutrition (UN) during late fetal life can programme the subsequent adult life adaptation of glucose homeostasis and metabolism during pregnancy and lactation. "
01/01/2005 - "Several clinical studies have shown that amino-acid solution improves various nutritional parameters in patients with malnutrition and is more biocompatible than standard glucose solution. "
02/13/2015 - "Specific epigenetic influences of dietary glucose and lipid consumption, as well as undernutrition, are observed across numerous organs and pathways associated with metabolism. "
01/01/1978 - "A study was made on the effect of undernutrition on the immunological responses of mice to TAB and BCG vaccines. "
06/19/2015 - "Malnourished children therefore stand to benefit hugely from vaccination, but malnutrition has been described as the most common immunodeficiency globally, suggesting that they may not be able to respond effectively to vaccines. "
02/18/2013 - "For children, they recommended inclusion of basic interventions to address nutritional deficiencies, diarrhoea and parasites over vaccines. "
08/01/1992 - " Vaccines for preventing and drugs for treating diseases that cause malnutrition are imported. "
05/01/1991 - "Malnutrition and respiratory disease commonly occur together, and the immunologic defects caused by malnutrition may affect clinical responses and the impact of vaccines. "
|7.||Amino AcidsFDA Link
04/01/2013 - "In human intrauterine growth restriction and in most animal models involving maternal undernutrition or restricted placental blood flow, the activity of placental transporters, in particular for amino acids, is decreased in late pregnancy. "
06/02/2008 - "The availability of amino acids is a key factor for the overall metabolism of mammals and exogenous supplements of amino acid mixtures (AAm) could be a valid therapeutic strategy to improve quality of life, avoiding malnutrition and muscle wasting in the elderly. "
04/01/2008 - "Baggs ewes adapt to maternal undernutrition and maintain conceptus growth by maintaining fetal plasma concentrations of amino acids."
09/01/2007 - "The above conditions may create a state of temporary malnutrition of mammary epithelial cells, which forces the cells to the induction of autophagy, as a mechanism for stabilizing intracellular supplies of energy and amino acids, especially during the enhanced activity of apoptogenic factors."
08/01/2007 - "Protein malnutrition reduces concentrations of most amino acids in plasma. "
|8.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
01/31/2013 - "The addition of antibiotics to therapeutic regimens for uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition was associated with a significant improvement in recovery and mortality rates. "
09/01/2010 - "Given the limitations of this retrospective analysis, a prospective trial is warranted to determine the effect of antibiotics on recovery from uncomplicated malnutrition with home-based therapy."
03/01/1990 - "Further studies are required on the effects of malnutrition on drug pharmacokinetics, especially in relation to antibiotics. "
06/01/1985 - "The studies were carried out on nourished and malnourished rats and extended to a recovery period induced by antibiotics to determine the effects of malnutrition on the establishment and repair of disaccharidase deficiencies caused by bacterial overgrowth. "
02/16/2015 - "These differences of the intestinal microbiota of the elderly may not necessarily be caused by aging, but they could be associated with the decline of the general state of health with malnutrition and with increased need for medication, such as antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, situations that occur frequently in the elderly. "
01/11/2008 - "Consumption of iron ameliorates iron deficiency, the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the world, affecting approximately 2 billion persons. "
01/01/2014 - "The results of recent studies suggest that a significant role is played by malnutrition in pathophysiology of iron homeostasis disorders, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. "
10/01/2012 - "The study of iron metabolism is essential in nutritional sciences as iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies in humans and represents a serious health problem worldwide. "
12/01/2009 - "Hence, the primary objective of this study was to determine the relationship between malnutrition and iron homeostasis in black-necked swans. "
02/04/2009 - "This study demonstrated that malnutrition, especially iron deficiency, might act as a confounding factor in EDC-induced oxidative stress. "
10/01/2015 - "The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized chronic patients, its relationship to co-morbidity and its impact on 10-year survival. "
07/01/2014 - "Keeping this in mind a study was carried out to find the proportion of under-five children suffering from malnutrition among the under-five hospitalized children and to study co-morbid illnesses and epidemiological factors associated with malnutrition. "
02/01/2014 - "This study aimed to compare the prevalence of undernutrition in patients infected with either Plasmodium or helminths and those co-infected with the two types of parasites. "
01/01/2013 - "The study aims to evaluate a hospital-wide multifaceted intervention co-facilitated by clinical nurses and dietitians addressing the nutritional care of patients, particularly those at risk of malnutrition. "
06/01/2011 - "Low co-morbidity, low levels of malnutrition, and low risk of falls in a community-dwelling sample of 85-year-olds are associated with successful aging: the Octabaix study."
|1.||Nutritional Support (Artificial Feeding)
11/01/1986 - "Nutritional assessment has three main aims: to define the type and severity of malnutrition; to identify high risk patients; to monitor the efficacy of nutritional support. "
10/01/2014 - "Not only the regulation of hospital food, but also enteral nutritional support, improved their levels of malnutrition, as well as their energy, macronutrients, and fiber consumption, and SGA is an easy method for nutritional monitoring."
12/09/1999 - "Provision of nutritional support has been shown to improve patient outcome in those at risk of malnutrition; therefore, the detection and treatment of malnutrition is paramount. "
03/01/2015 - "To trial malnutrition screening in older adults presenting to an emergency department (ED) and compare two service delivery models of nutritional support on nutritional status, quality of life, falls and unplanned hospital admissions. "
02/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to assess the need to introduce preoperative nutritional support in patients without malnutrition at qualification for surgery. "
|2.||Enteral Nutrition (Feeding, Tube)
10/01/2015 - "The early identification of the patients with high malnutrition risk and requiring enteral nutrition is necessary to improve the tolerance and efficacy of treatment. "
10/01/1998 - "In patients with severe malnutrition significant improvement can be achieved by enteral feeding."
02/22/1995 - "Cyclic enteral nutrition appears to be a well-tolerated and effective treatment of undernutrition in older malnourished ambulatory patients, although their response to CyEN was somewhat less than in younger patients."
01/01/1989 - "Therefore, we think that the administration of enteral nutrition in this kind of patient is very useful and is indeed necessary to avoid energy-protein malnutrition during the postoperative period. "
02/01/2008 - "A pilot trial of proactive enteral feeding for patients at high risk of malnutrition has commenced. "
|3.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
12/01/2012 - "While neutrophil OBF of ALL patients without malnutrition were studied both before induction chemotherapy and 3 months after, the same functions in ALL patients with malnutrition were studied both before induction chemotherapy and when the nutritional status improved. "
04/01/2015 - "Despite high average body mass index (BMI) (26.7-28.0 kg/m(2)), malnutrition risk was observed in 43.7 and 10.7 % of patients receiving first-line and subsequent-line chemotherapy, respectively (p < 0.001). "
03/01/2015 - "In multivariate analysis, functional impairment was independently associated with malnutrition (PR: 3.40; CI: 1.23-9.45), the presence of two or more symptoms of nutritional impact (PR: 3.22; CI: 10.03-10.10) and current treatment by chemotherapy (PR: 2.96; CI: 1.16-7.56). "
01/01/2015 - "The poor condition of patients due to prolonged and severe malnutrition compromises the ability to deliver chemotherapy. "
01/01/2015 - "Henceforth, patients receiving chemotherapy should be educated about nutrition management methods and monitored continuously to prevent malnutrition. "
03/01/2007 - "Parenteral nutrition has been shown to improve clinical outcome in patients with malnutrition and intestinal tract dysfunction. "
09/28/2005 - "Perioperative parenteral nutrition possibly ameliorates the humoral immunity, reverses malnutrition, and facilitates rehabilitation."
08/01/2009 - "Several studies have demonstrated that 7-10 days of preoperative parenteral nutrition improves postoperative outcome in patients with severe undernutrition who cannot be adequately orally or enterally fed. "
07/01/2008 - "The objective of this study is to examine the prevalence of malnutrition and evaluate the nutrition status and clinical outcome in hospitalized patients aged 65 years and older receiving enteral-parenteral nutrition. "
08/01/1998 - "The aim of this study was to assess the impact of prolonged use of intradialysis parenteral nutrition (IDPN) as a strategy for malnutrition in elderly haemodialysis patients. "
01/01/2015 - "The proposed trial builds on promising pilot data, and evaluates the effectiveness of a dietitian-delivered health behaviour intervention to reduce malnutrition in patients with HNC undergoing radiotherapy: Eating As Treatment (EAT). "
10/01/2015 - "The goal of this overview is to search the predictive factors of malnutrition and an overview of the different types of nutritional interventions and their impact on the local control of the disease, mortality and quality of life of patients treated with radiotherapy or concomitant chemoradiotherapy. "
12/01/2014 - "Thoracic radiotherapy (RT) is associated with acute toxicities, including oesophagitis, which can have an impact on nutritional intake and subsequently lead to malnutrition. "
06/01/2014 - "This prospective study aimed at developing two simple tools to screen malnutrition before radiotherapy and to assess, prior to treatment, the risk of malnutrition after radiotherapy. "
11/01/2013 - "Significant parameters, issued from multivariate analysis, were summed and weighted in a score aiming at estimating a malnutrition risk during radiotherapy. "