|1.||Nichitaĭlo, M E: 5 articles (02/2013 - 10/2001)|
|2.||Fushimi, Kiyohide: 4 articles (11/2015 - 06/2009)|
|3.||Horiguchi, Hiromasa: 4 articles (11/2015 - 06/2009)|
|4.||Park, Joo Kyung: 4 articles (06/2015 - 08/2007)|
|5.||Hsu, Ping-I: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
|6.||Cheng, Jin-Shiung: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
|7.||Zhi, Fachao: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2012)|
|8.||Lin, Chiun-Ku: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
|9.||Chan, Hoi-Hung: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
|10.||Lai, Kwok-Hung: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
05/07/2005 - "EST is an ideal surgical management with mini-invasion in the treatment of choledocholithiasis and stenosing papillitis."
01/01/1991 - "[Endoscopic papillosphincterotomy in the treatment of stenosing papillitis and choledocholithiasis]."
01/01/1989 - "[Endoscopic papillosphincterotomy in the treatment of stenosing papillitis and choledocholithiasis]."
10/01/1984 - "No correlation was found between choledocholithiasis and/or papillitis and type and intensity of choledochitis."
10/01/1984 - "The histology of the common bile duct was studied in 45 patients with choledocholithiasis and/or papillitis and compared with a control group of ten cadavers without hepatic or biliary disease. "
03/01/2009 - "The procedure was performed for choledocholithiasis in 58%, abnormal imaging in 26%, and abnormal liver enzymes in 23% of patients. "
11/01/2000 - "The role of serum liver enzymes in the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis."
05/01/1995 - "Normal liver enzymes should not dissuade one from performing cholangiography in patients with suspected choledocholithiasis."
05/01/1995 - "Choledocholithiasis in patients with normal serum liver enzymes."
04/01/2014 - "The most common procedure indications were choledocholithiasis (34.9%) and elevated liver enzymes after liver transplantation (25.2%). "
|3.||methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)IBA
01/01/1993 - "[Cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis cured by methyl tert butyl ether (MTBE) combined with EST]."
02/01/1988 - "Choledocholithiasis--in vivo stone dissolution using methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE)."
08/01/2000 - "Keywords for searching included choledocholithiasis, dissolution, mono-octanoin, common duct stones, MTBE, cholic acid, and gallstones. "
|4.||Dacarbazine (DIC)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1999 - "[Usefulness of DIC-CT in choledocholithiasis]."
09/01/1998 - "We evaluated the accuracy of MR imaging (MRI), mainly MR cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), in the diagnosis of choledocholithiasis in comparison with ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), direct cholangiography, and intravenous cholangiography (DIC). "
06/01/1999 - "In order to assess the efficacy of helical CT in drip-infusion cholangiography (DIC-CT) for diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, 82 patients with biliary diseases, including 25 patients with a definite diagnosis of choledocholithiasis obtained by direct cholangiography, were investigated by DIC-CT and EUS. "
06/01/1999 - "Therefore, in diagnosis the choledocholithiasis, DIC-CT displays similar diagnostic efficiency as EUS or ERC, and can be recognized as the non-invasive and useful procedure for pre-operative diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis."
|5.||Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1IBA
02/01/2000 - "PAI-1 was detected in choledochal bile in significantly greater concentrations in patients with acalculous cholangitis due to bile duct obstructions and choledocholithiasis with cholangitis (acalculous-infected bile, median 0.36 ng/ml, and calculous-infected bile, 0.1 ng/ml, versus normal bile, 0.02 ng/ml, p < 0.05), but the bile concentration of PAI-1 was no different between the acalculous and calculous-infected choledochal bile. "
02/01/2000 - "Increased levels of PAI-1 may be an epiphenomenon of cholangitis rather than a factor in the pathogenesis of choledocholithiasis."
02/01/2000 - "Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and PAI-1 of choledochal bile were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in patients with cholangitis due to acalculous bile duct obstructions (n = 9), choledocholithiasis with cholangitis (n = 20), and normal bile (n = 7). "
12/01/2006 - "The IBP technique is a feasible and a reliable method for safe and effective EBS in patients with choledocholithiasis in whom EBS is difficult because of PAD or/and previous EBS. "
12/01/2006 - "From March 2003 to November 2003, the IBP technique was applied to patients with choledocholithiasis in whom EBS was difficult because of concomitant PAD or previous EBS. "
|7.||Primary sclerosing cholangitisIBA
07/01/2014 - "Bile fluid was collected from patients with CC (n = 12), controls (patients with choledocholithiasis) (n = 11) and with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC; n = 11). "
10/01/1992 - "It is concluded that choledocholithiasis is part of the spectrum of primary sclerosing cholangitis and that it is not necessary to invoke choledocholithiasis as the initial lesion of the bile ducts in such patients."
11/01/2015 - "MRCP is the investigation of choice for suspected choledocholithiasis, choledochal cyst and primary sclerosing cholangitis. "
03/01/2011 - "Bile proteomic profiles differentiate cholangiocarcinoma from primary sclerosing cholangitis and choledocholithiasis."
09/01/2010 - "The presence of a biliary complication was confirmed in 18 patients (66.6%): anastomotic biliary stricture in 12 (66.6%); diffuse intrahepatic biliary stricture in 5 (27.7%): ischemic (n = 3), recurrence of primary sclerosing cholangitis (n = 2), and choledocholithiasis in one. "
08/01/2014 - "Ninety-five icteric (bilirubin ≥ 3 mg/dL) patients who underwent ERCP for highly suspected choledocholithiasis without definite filling defects on cholangiography were prospectively enrolled in the present study. "
07/01/2015 - "Patients were selected if they had suspected choledocholithiasis, indicated by dilated CBD and/or elevated bilirubin, or confirmed choledocholithiasis. "
06/01/2015 - "Incidence of previous choledocholithiasis, elevated bilirubin or widening of the choledochus without visible stones where similar for those diagnosed with choledocholithiasis in the first two years and those diagnosed later. "
04/01/2014 - "The median AST, ALT, and total bilirubin were 47, 82.5 IU/dl, and 1.21 mg/dl, respectively, in patients without choledocholithiasis and 58, 96 IU/dl, and 1.53 mg/dl, respectively, in patients with choledocholithiasis. "
10/01/2013 - "However, sensitivity of abnormal bilirubin (>21μmol/l) for choledocholithiasis was only 62% and specificity was 41%. "
|9.||Chenodeoxycholic Acid (Chenix)FDA Link
07/01/1981 - "The aim of this study was to conduct a controlled trial of oral chenodeoxycholic acid in the management of radiolucent choledocholithiasis. "
07/01/1981 - "Treatment of choledocholithiasis with oral chenodeoxycholic acid."
07/01/1980 - "Recurrent choledocholithiasis following cholecystectomy, sphincterotomy and choledochoduodenostomy: successful treatment with chenodeoxycholic acid."
01/01/1976 - "Chenodeoxycholic acid has been administered to 50 patients with cholelithiasis and 8 with choledocholithiasis for a period of 15 months at doses varying between 2- and 15 mg/kg/day. "
01/01/1975 - "[Treatment of hepato-choledocholithiasis with chenodeoxycholic acid in intrahepatic bile-duct cysts (M. "
09/01/1979 - "Demonstration of choledocholithiasis by barium-contrast endoscopic retrograde cholangiography."
02/01/1972 - "Diagnosis of choledocholithiasis by barium duodenal examination."
09/01/1983 - "To assess the progress of pathologic changes of the biliary tree and particularly their role on biliary drainage after the relief of long-standing extrahepatic biliary obstruction, 100 patients with postcholecystectomy choledocholithiasis who underwent choledochoduodenostomy as a supplementary procedure to choledochotomy were assessed by use of barium meal follow-through studies at different postoperative intervals. "
11/01/2001 - "One patient developed recurrent choledocholithiasis 6 months after laparoscopic exploration and was treated successfully with endoscopic sphincterotomy and stone extraction. "
03/01/2000 - "Seven patients with choledocholithiasis were treated successfully with endoscopic sphincterotomy preoperatively. "
01/01/2010 - "Algorithm including MRCP with performing endoscopic sphincterotomy is safe and effective in the diagnostic and treatment of choledocholithiasis. "
09/01/2001 - "Endoscopic papillotomy is a safe and effective procedure for patients with symptomatic choledocholithiasis. "
08/01/2000 - "Endoscopic sphincterotomy is safe and effective for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in patients 90 years of age or older. "
09/01/1996 - "ERCP prior to laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients suspected of having choledocholithiasis, is safe and offers with good results. "
01/01/2007 - "Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is more cost-effective for managing incidental choledocholithiasis (CDL) after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and intraoperative cholangiogram (LC/IOC) than laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE). "
07/01/1997 - "A management plan incorporating ERCP followed by early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe and effective strategy for children who have choledocholithiasis."
05/01/2015 - "It is well supported in the literature that laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for choledocholithiasis has equal efficacy when compared to ERCP followed by laparoscopic cholecystectomy. "
06/01/2007 - "Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the gold standard in choledocholithiasis treatment. "
04/01/2000 - "Our data suggests that even after presumed successful endoscopic clearance of the bile duct stones, many patients (33% in our series) still have choledocholithiasis present at the time of cholecystectomy. "
02/01/2015 - "For patients who need cholecystectomy after endoscopic removal of choledocholithiasis, endoscopic retrograde cholangiography-related factors predictive for open converted cholecystectomy are helpful in planning the appropriate timing of surgery."
07/01/1989 - "Had endoscopic cholangiography and endoscopic stone removal been performed preoperatively in patients undergoing cholecystectomy who had suspected choledocholithiasis, 21 of 30 common bile duct explorations could theoretically have been eliminated. "
06/01/2015 - "The purpose of this study was to study patients who presented with choledocholithiasis at Landspitali--The National University Hospital of Iceland, during the period 2008-2011, who had previously undergone cholecystecomy and to assess whether cholodocholithiasis is underdiagnosed at the time of cholecystectomy. "
01/01/2015 - "The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic remnant cholecystectomy (LRC) and laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct (CBD) exploration (LTCBDE) when adopted as the management for gallbladder/cystic duct remnant with stones and choledocholithiasis (GRSC) after cholecystectomy. "
05/01/1983 - "It is recommended that at least for a proportion of patients with recurrent choledocholithiasis who present with clinical and operative findings similar to those in this study, choledochoduodenostomy has to be considered the method of choice."
05/01/1983 - "To assess the value of choledochoduodenostomy versus T-tube drainage to manage patients with recurrent choledocholithiasis, a prospective, randomized study was carried out where under strict criteria of selection, 45 patients underwent choledochoduodenostomy after choledochotomy (Group A), and another 45 patients underwent T-tube drainage (Group B). "
03/01/2013 - "Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy is an option for the definitive surgical treatment of "difficult choledocholithiasis" in elderly patients with multiple comorbidities; it also offers the advantages of the minimally invasive approaches."
03/01/2013 - "[Laparoscopic choledochoduodenostomy as an optional treatment choledocholithiasis]."
03/01/2012 - "Choledochoduodenostomy (CDD) is the operative procedure for Choledocholithiasis in the presence of a dilated common bile duct (CBD). "
09/01/2010 - "Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) is a safe and effective method for the treatment of choledocholithiasis, but previous studies have rarely reported the appropriate ballooning time (BT). "
09/01/2014 - "Recently, the safety and efficacy of endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation (EPLBD) for difficult choledocholithiasis cases have been reported, although scarcely in elderly patients. "
05/16/2013 - "Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation after sphincterotomy for difficult choledocholithiasis: A case-controlled study."
08/01/2009 - "We present a study on the impact that hydrostatic balloon dilation of a previous BS (BSD) may have in the extraction rate of choledocholithiasis. "
07/01/2015 - "Biliary transpapillary endoscopic balloon dilation for treating choledocholithiasis."