|1.||Brown, Daren W: 4 articles (08/2012 - 03/2003)|
|2.||Butchko, Robert A E: 4 articles (08/2012 - 10/2005)|
|3.||Voss, Kenneth A: 4 articles (12/2009 - 08/2003)|
|4.||Gelderblom, Wentzel C A: 3 articles (07/2014 - 04/2004)|
|5.||Riley, Ronald T: 3 articles (05/2014 - 04/2004)|
|6.||Hendricks, Katherine A: 3 articles (11/2012 - 04/2004)|
|7.||Busman, Mark: 3 articles (10/2012 - 07/2007)|
|8.||van der Westhuizen, Liana: 3 articles (03/2011 - 01/2005)|
|9.||Shephard, Gordon S: 3 articles (03/2011 - 01/2005)|
|10.||Shephard, G S: 3 articles (11/2010 - 05/2000)|
01/01/1997 - "Fumonisins are currently the focus of a FDA long-term tumor study. "
01/01/2014 - "Fumonisins are also cancer-promoting metabolites,of which Fumonisin 8 I (FBI) is the most important. "
03/01/2011 - "The consumption of maize highly contaminated with carcinogenic fumonisins has been linked to high oesophageal cancer rates. "
11/01/2010 - "In the Centane magisterial area of South Africa, high rates of oesophageal cancer have been associated with home-grown maize contaminated with fumonisins. "
01/01/2005 - "proliferatum isolated from corn collected from four different geographic areas in Iran, namely Fars, Khuzestan, Kermanshah and Mazandaran (an endemic oesophageal cancer (OC) area) were evaluated for their ability to produce fumonisins B1 (FB1), B2 (FB2) and B3 (FB3) in corn culture. "
|2.||Neural Tube Defects (Exencephaly)
04/01/2004 - "High incidences of neural tube defects (NTD) occur in some regions of the world where substantial consumption of fumonisins has been documented or plausibly suggested (Guatemala, South Africa, and China); furthermore, a recent study of NTD in border counties of Texas found a significant association between NTD and consumption of tortillas during the first trimester. "
12/01/2009 - "Both fumonisins and hydrolyzed fumonisins are found in nixtamalized foods such as tortillas, and consumption of tortillas has been implicated as a risk factor for neural tube defects (NTD). "
02/01/2006 - "Exposure to fumonisins and the occurrence of neural tube defects along the Texas-Mexico border."
03/01/1999 - "Fumonisins and neural tube defects in South Texas."
01/01/2012 - "For fumonisins, studies indicate a possible role in oesophageal cancer and in neural tube defects, although no definitive conclusions can be drawn at present. "
|3.||Liver Neoplasms (Liver Cancer)
12/01/1997 - "Fumonisins as a possible contributory risk factor for primary liver cancer: a 3-year study of corn harvested in Haimen, China, by HPLC and ELISA."
09/01/1998 - "Fumonisins also cause a neurodegenerative disease in horses, induce hepatic cancer in rats, are nephrotoxic in rats, or cause pulmonary oedema in swine. "
05/01/2001 - "Unlike other mycotoxins, fumonisins cause the same liver cancer promotion and subchronic (studies (3/4) 90 days) liver and kidney effects as (italic)F. "
12/01/2009 - "Fumonisins are carcinogenic, causing liver cancer in rats, and are associated with oesophageal cancer and neural tube defects in humans. "
12/01/1997 - "Employing HPLC fluorometry, gas-liquid chromatography (GLC) and a novel enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on a monoclonal antibody, 40 corn samples, each collected in 1993 from agricultural stocks for human consumption in Haimen (Jiangsu County) and Penlai (Shandong Province), high- and low-risk areas for primary liver cancer (PLC) in China, respectively, were analysed for fumonisins (FBs), aflatoxins (AFs) and trichothecenes. "
06/11/2008 - "The model developed in this study estimates current losses to the swine industry from weight gain reduction due to fumonisins in added DDGS at $9 million ($2-18 million) annually. "
02/01/1993 - "There was no treatment-related effect on feed intake or weight gain, but feed containing 148 micrograms/g of fumonisins seemed to be less palatable than other feeds. "
10/01/2014 - "In the present study, male Wistar rats were fed between postnatal days 21 and 63 with diets that contained fumonisins B1+B2 at concentrations of 1 and 3mg/kg. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of fumonisins on food intake, growth, weight gain, serum activity of the alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase enzymes, and quantitative and morphometric parameters of myenteric neurons in the jejunum that are immunoreactive to HuC/D protein and neuronal nitric oxide synthase enzyme (nNOS). "
10/01/1999 - "Whilst in animals, next to acute intoxication, losses in productivity, reduced weight gain and immunosuppression are considered as most important feature of mycotoxicoses, genotoxic effects and the involvement of certain mycotoxins such as aflatoxin, ochratoxins and fumonisins in the etiology of human cancers have obtained particular attention. "
05/01/2001 - "Pigs that died had severe pulmonary edema, which has not been identified in other species after exposure to fumonisins. "
08/01/1997 - "In veterinary medicine fumonisins cause equine leucoencephalomalacia and swine pulmonary edema. "
05/01/1997 - "Fumonisins are produced by fungi commonly found on maize and a few related foods, and their consumption can result in equine leukoencephalomalacia, porcine pulmonary edema and a number of other diseases of veterinary animals and, perhaps, humans. "
01/01/1996 - "Fumonisins present in mycotoxin-contaminated feed have been identified as the causative agent of equine leukoencephalomalacia and porcine pulmonary edema. "
01/01/1996 - "Adverse effects on endothelial cells could indirectly contribute to the neurotoxicity and pulmonary edema caused by fumonisins. "
|3.||Folic Acid (Vitamin M)
|5.||Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I (Neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase)
|6.||Aspartate Aminotransferases (Aspartate Transaminase)
|7.||Alanine Transaminase (SGPT)