Dystonic Disorders (Writer's Cramp)

Acquired and inherited conditions that feature DYSTONIA as a primary manifestation of disease. These disorders are generally divided into generalized dystonias (e.g., dystonia musculorum deformans) and focal dystonias (e.g., writer's cramp). They are also classified by patterns of inheritance and by age of onset.
Also Known As:
Writer's Cramp; Idiopathic Familial Dystonia; Focal Dystonia; Adult-Onset Dystonias; Adult-Onset Idiopathic Focal Dystonias; Adult-Onset Idiopathic Torsion Dystonias; Autosomal Dominant Familial Dystonia; Autosomal Recessive Familial Dystonia; Childhood Onset Dystonias; Dystonia Disorders; Dystonia, Hereditary; Dystonia, Primary; Dystonia, Psychogenic; Dystonia, Secondary; Dystonias, Sporadic; Familial Dystonia, Autosomal Dominant; Familial Dystonia, Autosomal Recessive; Familial Dystonia, Idiopathic; Secondary Dystonia; Adult Onset Dystonias; Adult Onset Idiopathic Focal Dystonias; Adult Onset Idiopathic Torsion Dystonias; Adult-Onset Dystonia; Childhood Onset Dystonia; Dystonia Disorder; Dystonia, Adult-Onset; Dystonia, Childhood Onset; Dystonia, Familial; Dystonia, Focal; Dystonia, Idiopathic Familial; Dystonia, Sporadic; Dystonias, Adult-Onset; Dystonias, Childhood Onset; Dystonias, Familial; Dystonias, Focal; Dystonias, Hereditary; Dystonias, Idiopathic Familial; Dystonias, Primary; Dystonias, Psychogenic; Dystonias, Secondary; Dystonic Disorder; Familial Dystonias; Familial Dystonias, Idiopathic; Focal Dystonias; Hereditary Dystonia; Hereditary Dystonias; Idiopathic Familial Dystonias; Primary Dystonia; Primary Dystonias; Pseudodystonias; Psychogenic Dystonia; Psychogenic Dystonias; Secondary Dystonias; Sporadic Dystonia; Sporadic Dystonias; Writer Cramp; Writers Cramp; Familial Dystonia; Pseudodystonia
Networked: 575 relevant articles (84 outcomes, 57 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Dystonia (Limb Dystonia)
2. Hemifacial Spasm
3. Dystonic Disorders (Writer's Cramp)
4. Blepharospasm
5. Movement Disorders (Movement Disorder)


1. Hallett, Mark: 12 articles (06/2015 - 01/2002)
2. Vidailhet, Marie: 10 articles (05/2014 - 09/2007)
3. Lin, Jean-Pierre: 9 articles (05/2015 - 08/2011)
4. Bhatia, Kailash P: 8 articles (04/2013 - 06/2003)
5. Krauss, Joachim K: 7 articles (07/2015 - 01/2009)
6. Ostrem, Jill L: 7 articles (04/2014 - 12/2007)
7. Jankovic, Joseph: 7 articles (01/2014 - 06/2003)
8. Grabli, David: 7 articles (09/2013 - 07/2009)
9. Selway, Richard: 6 articles (01/2015 - 08/2011)
10. Starr, Philip A: 6 articles (04/2014 - 12/2007)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Dystonic Disorders:
1. Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
2. Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
3. BaclofenFDA LinkGeneric
4. Levodopa (L Dopa)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Trihexyphenidyl (Artane)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Proteins (Proteins, Gene)IBA
7. Carbon MonoxideIBA
8. PlasticsIBA
9. NeurotoxinsIBA
10. zolpidem (Ambien)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Injections
2. Deep Brain Stimulation
3. Pallidotomy
4. Splints
5. Psychology Biofeedback (Biofeedback)