Varicella Zoster Encephalitis (Encephalitis, Varicella)

Inflammation of brain tissue caused by infection with the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). This condition is associated with immunocompromised states, including the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME. Pathologically, the virus tends to induce a vasculopathy and infect oligodendrocytes and ependymal cells, leading to CEREBRAL INFARCTION, multifocal regions of demyelination, and periventricular necrosis. Manifestations of varicella encephalitis usually occur 5-7 days after onset of HERPES ZOSTER and include HEADACHE; VOMITING; lethargy; focal neurologic deficits; FEVER; and COMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch 26, pp29-32; Hum Pathol 1996 Sep;27(9):927-38)
Also Known As:
Encephalitis, Varicella; Zoster Encephalitis, Varicella; Encephalitis, Varicella Zoster; Encephalitis, Herpes Zoster; Encephalitis, VZ Virus; Herpes Zoster Meningoencephalitis; Varicella Encephalitides; Virus Encephalitis, VZ; Zoster Encephalitis, Herpes; Encephalitis, Human Herpesvirus 3; Herpes Zoster Encephalitis; Meningoencephalitis, Herpes Zoster; Varicella Encephalitis
Networked: 18 relevant articles (1 outcomes, 0 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Herpes Zoster
2. Chickenpox
3. Peripheral Vascular Diseases (Peripheral Vascular Disease)
4. Radiculopathy (Radiculopathy, Cervical)
5. Necrosis


1. Jones, Cheryl A: 1 article (01/2016)
2. Booy, Robert: 1 article (01/2016)
3. Khoury, Lynette: 1 article (01/2016)
4. Britton, Philip N: 1 article (01/2016)
5. Wood, Nicholas: 1 article (01/2016)
6. Srivastava, Trilochan: 1 article (10/2014)
7. Nagpal, Kadam: 1 article (10/2014)
8. Aniteye, Ernest: 1 article (02/2011)
9. Ofosu-Appiah, Ernest: 1 article (02/2011)
10. Tettey, Mark: 1 article (02/2011)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Varicella Zoster Encephalitis:
1. Vidarabine (Vira-A)FDA Link
2. Acyclovir (Aciclovir)FDA LinkGeneric
3. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)IBA
4. Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Chickenpox Vaccine (Vaccine, Varicella)IBA
6. Thymidine KinaseIBA
7. Retinaldehyde (Retinal)IBA
8. HormonesIBA
9. Carbon MonoxideIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Tracheostomy
2. Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
3. Renal Dialysis (Hemodialysis)