|2.||Facial Paralysis (Facial Palsy)
|4.||Zoster Sine Herpete
|1.||Daly, Fergus: 8 articles (08/2015 - 10/2007)|
|2.||Berg, Thomas: 8 articles (01/2015 - 11/2008)|
|3.||Jonsson, Lars: 8 articles (01/2015 - 11/2008)|
|4.||Engström, Mats: 7 articles (01/2015 - 11/2008)|
|5.||Sullivan, Frank: 6 articles (08/2015 - 01/2009)|
|6.||Kanerva, Mervi: 6 articles (01/2015 - 07/2007)|
|7.||Stjernquist-Desatnik, Anna: 6 articles (01/2015 - 03/2003)|
|8.||Hultcrantz, Malou: 5 articles (01/2015 - 11/2008)|
|9.||Gyo, Kiyofumi: 5 articles (12/2013 - 11/2003)|
|10.||Hato, Naohito: 5 articles (12/2013 - 11/2003)|
|1.||Acyclovir (Aciclovir)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2009 - "To assess the efficacy of aciclovir or similar agents for treating Bell's palsy. "
01/01/2004 - "To assess the efficacy of aciclovir or similar agents for treating Bell's palsy. "
01/01/2001 - "To assess the efficacy of aciclovir for treating Bell's palsy and to evaluate any adverse effects of the drug treatment. "
01/01/2001 - "To assess the efficacy of aciclovir for treating Bell's palsy and to evaluate any adverse effects of the drug treatment. "
10/01/2006 - "Two prospective, randomized clinical trials were included in this review, both involving the use of acyclovir for treatment of Bell's palsy. "
|2.||Prednisolone (Predate)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2011 - "The result of this trial will assess the efficacy of using prednisolone and staging acupuncture to treat Bell's palsy, and to determine a best combination therapy with prednisolone and acupuncture for treating Bell's palsy. "
03/01/2012 - "The authors demonstrate that prednisolone significantly increased the orbicularis oculi muscle activity and significantly improved functional blink recovery in severely affected Bell palsy patients. "
01/01/2011 - "The aim of this study is to compare the effects of prednisolone and staging acupuncture in the recovery of the affected facial nerve, and to verify whether prednisolone in combination with staging acupuncture is more effective than prednisolone alone for Bell's palsy in a large number of patients. "
05/01/2012 - "To study whether prednisolone reduces sequelae in Bell's palsy. "
01/01/2011 - "Prednisolone and acupuncture in Bell's palsy: study protocol for a randomized, controlled trial."
|3.||Prednisone (Sone)FDA LinkGeneric
09/01/2002 - "The objective of this double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was to test the efficacy of high-dose prednisone, administered as early as possible, in modifying the natural progression of Bell's palsy. "
09/01/2013 - "The prognosis of Bell's palsy is on the whole favorable and is improved with a prompt tapering course of prednisone. "
01/01/1997 - "Our results suggest that HBO2 is more effective than prednisone in treatment of Bell's palsy."
02/01/1978 - "Treatment of Bell palsy with prednisone: a prospective, randomized study."
01/01/2011 - "Our evidence suggests that the current practice of treating Bell's palsy with AVT plus corticosteroid may lead to slightly higher recovery rates compared to treating with prednisone alone but this does not quite reach statistical significance; prednisone remains the best evidence-based treatment."
10/01/2007 - "These findings show no significant benefits of treating complete Bell's palsy with a second course of steroids."
10/01/2014 - "There is growing evidence that steroids are not beneficial for treatment of paediatric patients with Bell's palsy. "
02/01/2009 - "Steroids given acutely are beneficial in improving outcome in Bell's palsy, and antiviral therapy seems helpful in more severe cases. "
01/01/2012 - "Are steroids effective for treating Bell's palsy?"
03/01/2010 - "Efficacy of steroids or acupuncture for Bell's palsy."
|5.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
09/01/2002 - "In conclusion, early treatment based on high-dose corticosteroids slightly accelerates spontaneous improvement in Bell's palsy."
03/01/2003 - "The aim of this study was to find out whether treatment with an antiviral drug in combination with corticosteroids is more effective than no medical treatment at all in patients with Bell's palsy. "
01/01/2015 - "Recent randomized controlled Bell's palsy trials have shown that treatment with corticosteroids shortens time to recovery and improves recovery rates while antiviral treatment alone is not more effective than placebo. "
01/01/2011 - "Evidence from randomized controlled trials indicates corticosteroids can be used as a proven therapy for Bell's palsy. "
01/01/2010 - "The available evidence from randomised controlled trials shows significant benefit from treating Bell's palsy with corticosteroids."
|6.||Antiviral Agents (Antivirals)IBA
06/01/2015 - "We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of antiviral agents on complete recovery of Bell's palsy. "
12/01/2013 - "Uncertainties around antivirals in severe Bell's palsy trial."
01/01/2009 - "This study does not, therefore, support the routine use of antivirals in Bell's palsy. "
10/01/2006 - "Prospective, randomized, controlled trials that evaluated efficacy and safety endpoints of antiviral agents in the treatment of Bell's palsy were included. "
10/01/2006 - "MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PubMed were searched (all up to April 2006) for English-language, prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trials that evaluated the use of antiviral agents in Bell's palsy. "
|7.||valacyclovir (valaciclovir)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/2008 - "In 2007, two prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled trials evaluating valacyclovir were reported in patients with Bell's palsy. "
10/01/2008 - "Despite recent evidence suggesting that Bell's palsy is associated with reactivation of alfa-herpes viruses, the disease has been treated empirically, and the use of valacyclovir has not been definitively established. "
10/01/2008 - "Valacyclovir for the treatment of Bell's palsy."
10/01/2008 - "However, considering the cost-benefit ratio of this treatment and the limitations of virological diagnoses, we recommend that valacyclovir should be used in cases of severe palsy within 3 days after the onset of Bell's palsy."
03/01/2003 - "The present study showed a significantly better outcome in patients with Bell's palsy treated with valacyclovir and prednisone as compared with patients given no medical treatment. "
|8.||famciclovir (Famvir)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/2011 - "The study results suggest that better outcome for Bell's palsy patients occurred if they were treated with prednisolone and famciclovir combination instead of prednisolone alone. "
11/01/2008 - "Bell's palsy: combined treatment of famciclovir and prednisone is superior to prednisone alone."
10/01/2011 - "We compared the therapeutic effect of famciclovir plus prednisolone with prednisolone alone, in patients with Bell's palsy. "
10/01/2011 - "Comparative study between combination of famciclovir and prednisolone with prednisolone alone in acute Bell's palsy."
02/01/2013 - "The patient was diagnosed with Bell's palsy associated with blepharospasm and discharged home on prednisone and famciclovir. "
11/01/1991 - "Twenty-five patients with Bell's palsy were evaluated to assess the efficacy of gadolinium (Gd+)-enhanced MRI in determining: (1) the site of facial nerve enhancement, (2) the relationship between EMG findings and Gd+ MRIs, and (3) the usefulness of Gd+ MRI in predicting recovery of facial function. "
12/01/1990 - "The findings of this study corroborate other evidence that the segments of the facial nerve most often involved in Bell's palsy are the only segments that are most often enhanced with gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. "
09/01/2014 - "In the other two patients, the facial nerve was enhanced with gadolinium, but it was difficult to differentiate the observed condition from Bell's palsy. "
09/01/2010 - "MRI with gadolinium of the internal auditory canal demonstrated enhancement of the labyrinthine portion of the facial nerve as seen in Bell's palsy. "
12/31/2007 - "To investigate the correlation between gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance image (MRI) results and surgical findings of facial nerves in Bell's palsy and Ramsay Hunt syndrome. "
|10.||Gadolinium DTPA (Magnevist)FDA Link
01/01/2003 - "Magnetic resonance images with a 0.7 mm slice thickness (surface coil) were obtained in patients with idiopathic facial paralysis before and after administration of Gd-DTPA, 0.1 mmol/kg. The five intratemporal segments of the facial nerve were quantitatively measured and subjectively assessed by five radiologists as to the degree of enhancement. "
01/01/1995 - "A group of patients complaining of facial nerve palsy (Bell's palsy) were evaluated with MRI using a 0.5 unit and high resolution T1-weighted images, in order to evaluate the efficacy of Gd-DTPA enhancement in depicting the degree of nerve damage: MRI examination was performed within 24 hours to two weeks after the onset of palsy. "
09/01/1995 - "In recent gadolinium-DTPA enhanced MRI (Gd-MRI) studies it has unequivocally been demonstrated that ipsilateral facial nerve contrast enhancement, predominantly in the meatal portion, is present in both Bell's palsy and herpes zoster oticus. "
02/01/1997 - "We examined a series of 21 peripheral facial palsy patients attempted to (17 Bell's palsy, 4 Hunt syndrome) with Gd-DTPA-enhanced MRI and attempted to determine the relation between prognosis and MRI findings. "
11/01/1997 - "Eleven patients with mild or moderate acute idiopathic peripheral facial palsy, so-called Bell's palsy, were serially examined by gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced MRI on mean days 11, 40, and 97 (third examination, n = 10) after the onset of palsy. "
07/01/2009 - "The result of this trial will certify the efficacy of using staging acupuncture and moxibustion to treat Bell's palsy, and to approach a best acupuncture treatment among these five different methods for treating Bell's palsy."
03/25/2012 - "Moxibustion treatment for 11 minutes significantly improved high asymmetry in temperature in the faces of Bell's palsy patients. "
10/01/2004 - "Efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion in treating Bell's palsy: a multicenter randomized controlled trial in China."
01/01/2009 - "[Clinical study on acupuncture combined with moxibustion on temperature-sensitive points for treatment of Bell palsy in the acute stage]."
03/25/2012 - "Moxibustion stimulation at the Hegu not only improves the global circulation but also has specific effects on the lips in Bell's palsy patients, but the underlying mechanism needs further investigation. "
12/01/1981 - "The natural history of Bell's palsy in patients with an unfavorable prognosis could be improved if a transmastoid facial nerve decompression to the labyrinthine segment were performed. "
02/01/1977 - "Some evidence for the efficacy of decompression for Bell's palsy: immediate motion postoperatively."
03/01/2015 - "In patients with severe Bell's palsy at risk for a poor facial nerve outcome, MCF decompression of the facial nerve within 14 days of symptom onset provides good facial nerve outcomes with minimal morbidity."
03/01/2015 - "Evaluate the long-term outcomes of facial nerve decompression via the middle fossa approach for Bell's palsy patients with poor prognosis based on clinical and electrodiagnostic testing. "
03/01/2015 - "Facial nerve outcomes after middle fossa decompression for Bell's palsy."
|3.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
02/01/2003 - "Are drug therapies effective in treating Bell's palsy?"
10/01/2010 - "Neuro-psychological factors put great influence on the efficacy of treatment for Bell's palsy, multiple measures, such as drug-therapy, acupuncture, psychological intervention, rehabilitation therapy, etc., should be taken in combination for improving patients' prognosis."
12/01/2011 - "Treatment of Bell`s Palsy may include pharmacotherapy, neuromuscular training (NMT), physical methods and surgery. "
08/01/2009 - "Bell's palsy: new evidence provides a definitive drug therapy strategy."
06/25/2005 - "[Arguments favouring the pharmacotherapy of Bells' palsy]."
|4.||Acupuncture Points (Acupuncture Point)
07/01/2008 - "Routine EA treatment combined with acupuncture at the 3 acupoints of eye could significantly increase clinical therapeutic effect on Bell palsy with a cured rate of 89.5%, which was better than 65.8% in the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05), and the therapeutic cycle was shorted. "
11/01/2013 - "Compared with EA, the combination of EA and acupoint sticking therapy for Bell's palsy cannot only improve the clinical efficacy and reduce the occurrence of complication but also reliable without any side effect."
11/01/2013 - "One hundred and two cases of Bell's palsy were randomized into an EA combined with herbal acupoint sticking group (group A, 50 cases) and an EA group (group B, 52 cases), EA at Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Quanliao (SI 18),Xiaguan (ST 7), Yingxiang (LI 20), etc. were applied in both groups and "facial paralys No.I " was applied at Yifeng (TE 17) in group A, once daily and 10 times totally were needed. "
05/01/2011 - "It was positive correlation (r=0.676, r=0.498, r=0.506, r=0.545, r=0.518, all P<0.05) between the bilateral temperature differences of acupoints (Quanliao, Dicang, Jiache, Yuyao, Yangbai) and the lesions degree of Bell' palsy, which was statistically significant. "
05/01/2011 - "At the same time, the more serious the Bell's palsy, the more evident the temperature differences of the same acupoints on bilateral sides. "
|5.||Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)
01/01/2014 - "Efficacy of high and low level laser therapy in the treatment of Bell's palsy: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled trial."
01/01/2014 - "The result showed that both HILT and LLLT significantly improved the recovery of patients with Bell's palsy. "
04/01/2013 - "The objective of this study was to apply low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to accelerate the recovery process of a child patient with Bell's palsy (BP). "
04/01/2013 - "Low-level laser therapy in pediatric Bell's palsy: case report in a three-year-old child."
01/01/2014 - "The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the effects of high intensity laser therapy (HILT) and low level laser therapy (LLLT) on the treatment of patients with Bell's palsy. "