|1.||Central Nervous System Infections (Central Nervous System Infection)
|4.||Craniocerebral Trauma (Head Injury)
|5.||Brain Injuries (Brain Injury)
|1.||Ratilal, Bernardo O: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2011)|
|2.||Sampaio, Cristina: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2011)|
|3.||Pappamikail, Lia: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2011)|
|4.||Costa, João: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2011)|
|5.||Ratilal, B: 2 articles (01/2011 - 01/2006)|
|6.||Sampaio, C: 2 articles (01/2011 - 01/2006)|
|7.||Hsu, Shih-Wei: 1 article (12/2014)|
|8.||Lee, Tsung-Han: 1 article (12/2014)|
|9.||Su, Tsung-Ming: 1 article (12/2014)|
|10.||Lan, Chu-Mei: 1 article (12/2014)|
|1.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
01/01/2014 - "What is the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in basilar skull fractures?"
01/01/2015 - "Until more research is available, the effectiveness of antibiotics in patients with basilar skull fractures cannot be determined because studies published to date are flawed by biases. "
08/01/1998 - "A total of 1,241 patients with basilar skull fractures were included; 719 patients received antibiotics, and 522 patients did not receive antibiotics. "
05/01/1976 - "Letter: Antibiotics for basilar skull fracture."
12/01/1975 - "Analysis of the treatment of basilar skull fractures with and without antibiotics."
|2.||Atropine (Hyoscyamine)FDA LinkGeneric
|3.||Anticonvulsants (Antiepileptic Drugs)IBA
01/01/2011 - "The main situations in which prophylactic anticonvulsants and antibiotics are used are described and those situations we found controversial in the literature and lack further investigation are identified: anticonvulsants for preventing seizures in patients with chronic subdural hematomas, antiepileptic drugs for preventing seizures in those suffering from brain tumors, antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing meningitis in patients with basilar skull fractures, and antibiotic prophylaxis for the surgical introduction of intracranial ventricular shunts.In"
|4.||Cerebrospinal fluid leakIBA
11/01/1978 - "Forty-six cases of basilar skull fractures in children were reviewed to determine the incidence of CNS infection following injury and the possible value of antimicrobial chemoprophylaxis. "
12/01/1975 - "The efficacy of chemoprophylaxis in the treatment of basilar skull fractures was studied in 129 patients over a 2-year period; antibiotics were found ineffective in preventing central nervous system infections, and in some cases may have proved harmful. "
01/01/2015 - "We also identified 17 non-RCTs comparing different types of antibiotic prophylaxis with placebo or no intervention in patients with basilar skull fractures. "
10/01/2010 - "Basilar skull fracture: outcome of acute care without antibiotic prophylaxis in a Nigerian neurosurgical unit."
08/01/1998 - "Antibiotic prophylaxis after basilar skull fractures remains controversial. "
08/01/1998 - "Antibiotic prophylaxis after basilar skull fractures: a meta-analysis."
08/01/1998 - "We undertook this study to determine if antibiotic prophylaxis after basilar skull fractures prevented meningitis. "
|4.||Seat Belts (Seat Belt)
06/01/2004 - "Recent studies recommend that aggressive screening based on broad criteria (hyperextension-hyperflexion mechanism of injury, basilar skull fracture, cervical spine injury, midface fracture, mandibular fracture, diffuse axonal brain injury, and neck seat-belt sign) increases the rate of diagnosis of BCI by 9-fold. "
12/01/2014 - "For patients with a history of basilar skull fracture or surgery involving the skull base, craniotomy is indicated to excise the abscess and repair the potential fistulous communication through the cranium. "
09/01/2008 - "Injuries identified in our review included: 1) a basilar skull fracture, right subarachnoid hemorrhage, and left-sided epidural hemorrhage necessitating craniotomy; 2) a concussion, facial laceration, comminuted nasal fracture, and orbital floor fracture; 3) penetration of the outer table and cortex of the cranium by a Taser probe with seizure-like activity reported by the officer when the Taser was activated; and 4) a forehead hematoma and laceration. "