Reflex Epilepsy (Photosensitive Epilepsy)

A subtype of epilepsy characterized by seizures that are consistently provoked by a certain specific stimulus. Auditory, visual, and somatosensory stimuli as well as the acts of writing, reading, eating, and decision making are examples of events or activities that may induce seizure activity in affected individuals. (From Neurol Clin 1994 Feb;12(1):57-8)
Also Known As:
Photosensitive Epilepsy; Epilepsy, Photosensitive; Epilepsy, Reflex; Audiogenic Epilepsy; Cursive Epilepsy; Decision Making Reflex Epilepsy; Eating-Induced Epilepsy; Immersion Related Epilepsy; Musicogenic Epilepsy; Reading Epilepsy; Reflex Epilepsy, Visual Pattern; Tactile Reflex Epilepsy; Visual Pattern Reflex Epilepsy; Writing-Induced Reflex Epilepsy; Audiogenic Epilepsies; Audiogenic Reflex Epilepsies; Audiogenic Reflex Epilepsy; Cursive Reflex Epilepsies (Running); Cursive Reflex Epilepsy (Running); Eating Induced Epilepsy; Eating-Induced Epilepsies; Eating-Induced Reflex Epilepsies; Eating-Induced Reflex Epilepsy; Epilepsies, Audiogenic Reflex; Epilepsies, Cursive; Epilepsies, Eating-Induced; Epilepsies, Eating-Induced Reflex; Epilepsies, Immersion Related; Epilepsies, Musicogenic; Epilepsies, Musicogenic Reflex; Epilepsies, Photosensitive; Epilepsies, Photosensitive Reflex; Epilepsies, Reading; Epilepsies, Reading Reflex; Epilepsies, Reflex; Epilepsies, Tactile Reflex; Epilepsies, Writing-Induced Reflex; Epilepsy, Audiogenic; Epilepsy, Audiogenic Reflex; Epilepsy, Cursive; Epilepsy, Cursive Reflex (Running); Epilepsy, Eating-Induced; Epilepsy, Eating-Induced Reflex; Epilepsy, Immersion Related; Epilepsy, Musicogenic; Epilepsy, Musicogenic Reflex; Epilepsy, Photosensitive Reflex; Epilepsy, Reading; Epilepsy, Reading Reflex; Epilepsy, Tactile Reflex; Epilepsy, Writing-Induced Reflex; Immersion Related Epilepsies; Musicogenic Epilepsies; Musicogenic Reflex Epilepsies; Musicogenic Reflex Epilepsy; Photosensitive Epilepsies; Photosensitive Reflex Epilepsies; Photosensitive Reflex Epilepsy; Reading Epilepsies; Reading Reflex Epilepsies; Reading Reflex Epilepsy; Reflex Epilepsies; Reflex Epilepsies, Audiogenic; Reflex Epilepsies, Cursive (Running); Reflex Epilepsies, Eating-Induced; Reflex Epilepsies, Musicogenic; Reflex Epilepsies, Photosensitive; Reflex Epilepsies, Reading; Reflex Epilepsies, Tactile; Reflex Epilepsies, Writing-Induced; Reflex Epilepsy, Eating Induced; Reflex Epilepsy, Tactile; Reflex Epilepsy, Writing-Induced; Tactile Reflex Epilepsies; Writing Induced Reflex Epilepsy; Writing-Induced Reflex Epilepsies; Reflex Epilepsy, Audiogenic; Reflex Epilepsy, Cursive (Running); Reflex Epilepsy, Eating-Induced; Reflex Epilepsy, Musicogenic; Reflex Epilepsy, Photosensitive; Reflex Epilepsy, Reading
Networked: 156 relevant articles (12 outcomes, 12 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Seizures (Seizure)
2. Myoclonus (Nocturnal Myoclonus)
3. Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
4. Epilepsy (Aura)
5. Spasm (Spasms)


1. Poletaeva, I I: 3 articles (04/2009 - 06/2004)
2. Vinogradova, Lyudmila V: 2 articles (06/2015 - 10/2011)
3. van Rijn, Clementina M: 2 articles (06/2015 - 10/2011)
4. Mayer, Thomas: 2 articles (06/2015 - 02/2009)
5. Batini, Cesira: 2 articles (01/2011 - 01/2005)
6. Naquet, Robert: 2 articles (01/2011 - 01/2005)
7. Markina, N V: 2 articles (04/2009 - 07/2008)
8. Perepelkina, O V: 2 articles (04/2009 - 07/2008)
9. Rasić, Aleksandra: 2 articles (11/2007 - 10/2007)
10. Hrncić, Dragan: 2 articles (11/2007 - 10/2007)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Reflex Epilepsy:
1. Anticonvulsants (Antiepileptic Drugs)IBA
2. Valproic Acid (Valproate, Semisodium)FDA LinkGeneric
3. Clonazepam (Rivotril)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Q-Type Calcium Channels (Q-Type Calcium Channel)IBA
5. omega-Agatoxin IVAIBA
6. Methylphenidate (Ritalin)FDA LinkGeneric
7. Lorazepam (Ativan)FDA LinkGeneric
8. omega-conotoxin-MVIICIBA
9. abecarnilIBA
10. etiracetam (levetiracetam)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Lenses
2. Transplants (Transplant)
3. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
4. Local Anesthesia
5. Laminectomy