|4.||Neck Pain (Cervicalgia)
|5.||Bursitis (Adhesive Capsulitis)
|1.||Andersen, Lars L: 10 articles (01/2014 - 01/2010)|
|2.||Zebis, Mette K: 9 articles (01/2014 - 01/2010)|
|3.||Mortensen, Ole S: 6 articles (01/2014 - 01/2010)|
|4.||Andersen, Christoffer H: 6 articles (09/2013 - 01/2010)|
|5.||Michener, Lori A: 4 articles (08/2015 - 10/2010)|
|6.||Chae, John: 4 articles (02/2015 - 12/2007)|
|7.||George, Steven Z: 4 articles (02/2014 - 05/2008)|
|8.||Madeleine, Pascal: 4 articles (01/2014 - 03/2008)|
|9.||Sjøgaard, Gisela: 4 articles (01/2014 - 01/2010)|
|10.||Shanahan, E Michael: 4 articles (11/2013 - 02/2009)|
|1.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
07/01/2011 - "To evaluate the efficacy of intra-articular injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in relieving hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP). "
07/01/2011 - "Efficacy of intra-articular injection of botulinum toxin type A in refractory hemiplegic shoulder pain."
06/01/2008 - "Botulinum toxin type A for refractory post-stroke shoulder pain."
07/01/2007 - "Is botulinum toxin type A effective in the treatment of spastic shoulder pain in patients after stroke? "
03/01/2011 - "One RCT in arthritis-related shoulder pain showed that single intraarticular botulinum toxin type A injection reduced pain (MD -2.0 on 0-10 scale, 95% CI -3.7 to -0.3) and shoulder disability (MD -13.4 on 0-100 scale, 95% CI -24.9 to -1.9) and improved shoulder abduction (MD 13.8°, 95% CI 3.2° to 44.0°) at 1 month, compared with placebo. "
|2.||salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM)IBA
04/01/2012 - "Significant improvement was observed (time X groups) after real rMS in comparison to the sham group (P=0.0001 for muscle strength and 0.01 for VAS of shoulder pain). "
01/01/2015 - "The objective of this present study is to evaluate if rESWT in addition to SE is more effective in improving shoulder pain and function compared with sham rESWT and SE in patients with subacromial shoulder pain. "
07/01/2008 - "To determine the short-term clinical efficacy of Kinesio Tape (KT) when applied to college students with shoulder pain, as compared to a sham tape application. "
02/01/2015 - "The thoracic sham-SMT of this study is a plausible comparator for SMT in patients with shoulder pain. "
12/01/2002 - "Acupuncture applied to tender points appears to have short-term effects on neck and shoulder pain and stiffness, but this study was unable to demonstrate any long-term superiority over sham acupuncture."
|3.||Bupivacaine (Bupivacaine Hydrochloride)FDA LinkGeneric
02/01/2005 - "Shoulder pain at rest and on coughing was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) and an observer verbal rating score (OVRS) immediately before and 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 3 h and 4 h after intrapleural bupivacaine/saline. "
01/01/2002 - "Thirty patients who experienced shoulder pain within 2 h of surgery were randomly assigned to receive a suprascapular nerve block with either 10 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine or 10 mL of 0.9% saline. "
06/01/2000 - "Bupivacaine instillation into gallbladder bed after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: does it decrease shoulder pain?"
02/01/2005 - "The aim of this prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled study was to investigate the effect of intrapleural bupivacaine on ipsilateral post-thoracotomy shoulder pain in patients receiving thoracic epidural analgesia. "
06/01/2005 - "There were no statistical differences in pain scores at rest or incidence of shoulder pain between the two groups, but the patients of the bupivacaine group reported lower pain scores on coughing only in the first hour postoperatively (P = 0.007). "
|4.||pregabalin (Lyrica)FDA Link
02/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to test whether the addition of pregabalin to the treatment for shoulder pain would provide a significant benefit. "
02/01/2015 - "The VAS scores indicated that patients in the pregabalin group had significantly less shoulder pain on postoperative day (POD) 2 than those in the control group (control: 27.9 ± 28.1 vs. pregabalin: 11.8 ± 14.4; p = 0.030). "
07/01/2014 - "Perioperative administration of 75 mg pregabalin significantly reduced postoperative laparoscopic shoulder pain and amount of analgesic used."
07/01/2014 - "Patients in the pregabalin group had significantly lower postoperative VAS scores for shoulder pain at 24 hours, compared with the placebo group (median, 23.14 [range, 13.67-32.61] vs. 37.22 [27.75-46.64]; p = .04), and required less analgesic (p = .01). "
07/01/2014 - "To investigate the efficacy of pregabalin for the relief of postoperative shoulder pain after laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. "
|5.||Diclofenac (SR 38)FDA LinkGeneric
04/01/2008 - "Diclofenac patches for postoperative shoulder pain."
08/01/2007 - "The authors concluded that low-volume interscalene brachial plexus block is a superior treatment for post-thoracotomy shoulder pain compared with diclofenac injection, although it requires a slightly longer stay in the PACU."
01/01/2007 - "Short-term efficacy of rofecoxib and diclofenac in acute shoulder pain: a placebo-controlled randomized trial."
01/01/2007 - "To evaluate the short-term symptomatic efficacy of rofecoxib and diclofenac versus placebo in acute episodes of shoulder pain. "
08/01/2004 - "Both oxaprozin and diclofenac compared well in the primary study endpoint of reduction in shoulder pain. "
|6.||Lidocaine (Xylocaine)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1993 - "All cases are relieved of anterior shoulder pain by lidocaine injection intraarticularly during the arthrographic examination, but arthrographic examinations are normal. "
08/01/2001 - "In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we investigated the effect of phrenic nerve infiltration with lidocaine or saline on postoperative shoulder pain in 48 patients. "
10/01/2014 - "The use of lidocaine 1% was successful in the prevention of shoulder pain in 329 (89%) patients. "
02/01/2013 - "A significant linear trend (P < 0.05) for improvement on the numeric rating scale, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index and Constant-Murley score was observed in the pRF group, but not in the lidocaine group. "
12/01/2008 - "Two hundred patients consulting their general practices with shoulder pain were then randomized to receive either a corticosteroid or lignocaine injection. "
|7.||Acetaminophen (Paracetamol)FDA LinkGeneric
11/01/2010 - "When the groups were compared, no significant difference was found between the groups in terms of visual analogue scale, range of motion, the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (except for the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index total score), Short Form-36 subscores, and paracetamol consumption for all weeks (P >0.05). "
08/01/2005 - "This study assessed the efficacy of acetaminophen in decreasing postoperative shoulder pain after a thoracotomy. "
08/01/2005 - "Acetaminophen decreases early post-thoracotomy ipsilateral shoulder pain in patients with thoracic epidural analgesia: a double-blind placebo-controlled study."
06/01/2010 - "Outcome measures included a pain scale (visual analog scale; VAS), range of motion, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), the Short Form-36, Beck Depression Scale questionnaires, and paracetamol consumption. "
08/01/2005 - "Acetaminophen decreases post-thoracotomy ipsilateral shoulder pain when given preemptively and regularly during the first 48 hours postoperatively in patients who received thoracic epidural analgesia."
|8.||Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronan)IBA
05/01/2008 - "Treatment of persistent shoulder pain with sodium hyaluronate: a randomized, controlled trial. "
05/01/2008 - "Preliminary data suggest that intra-articular sodium hyaluronate injections may be beneficial for the treatment of persistent shoulder pain resulting from various etiologies. "
05/01/2008 - "Although the primary end point of this study (that is, improvement in terms of shoulder pain at thirteen weeks) was not achieved, the overall findings, including secondary end points, indicate that sodium hyaluronate (500 to 730 kDa) is effective and well tolerated for the treatment of osteoarthritis and persistent shoulder pain that is refractory to other standard nonoperative interventions."
05/01/2013 - "Sodium hyaluronate for the treatment of chronic shoulder pain associated with glenohumeral osteoarthritis: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial."
01/01/2012 - "The objective of the study is to evaluate the short- and long-term effect of intraarticular sodium hyaluronate (SH) application in patients diagnosed with supraspinatus tendinitis (ST) that have shoulder pain on the clinical symptoms of the patients through comparison with conventional physiotherapy methods. "
|9.||Triamcinolone Acetonide (Azmacort)FDA LinkGeneric
12/01/2011 - "Visual analog scale (VAS) of average shoulder pain level during the past 1 week, Shoulder Disability Questionnaire (SDQ), and angles of shoulder AROM (including flexion, abduction, external rotation, internal rotation) pre- and posttreatment at weeks 2, 4, and 8. There were no significant differences among the 3 groups (triamcinolone acetonide, 40mg, group 1, n=27; triamcinolone acetonide, 20mg, group 2, n=25; placebo, group 3, n=27) in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics at baseline. "
10/01/2000 - "Effect of triamcinolone acetonide injections on hemiplegic shoulder pain : A randomized clinical trial."
02/01/2000 - "To describe the methods of treatment applied by physiotherapists, occupational therapists, rehabilitation physicians, nursing-home physicians and neurologists for hemiplegic shoulder pain, and to investigate their beliefs about the effectiveness of triamcinolone acetonide injections for this diagnosis. "
10/01/2000 - "We sought to study the efficacy of 3 injections of intra-articular triamcinolone acetonide on pain and arm function in stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain. "
01/01/2008 - "Intramuscular botulinum toxin-A reduces hemiplegic shoulder pain: a randomized, double-blind, comparative study versus intraarticular triamcinolone acetonide."
|10.||Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents (NSAIDs)IBA
12/01/2015 - "randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed steroid injection versus NSAIDs for patients with shoulder pain. "
10/01/2014 - "Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing corticosteroid injection with NSAIDs for treatment of shoulder pain were included. "
12/01/2015 - "NSAIDs injection might be a treatment method for shoulder pain."
12/01/2015 - " compare the efficiency and safety of steroid injection versus NSAIDs for patients with shoulder pain.PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched through July 2015. "
12/01/2015 - "Advantages and possible risks associated with steroid injection compared with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for shoulder pain are not fully understood.To"
01/01/2003 - "While many treatments, including corticosteroid injections in and around the shoulder, are advocated to be of benefit for shoulder pain, few are of proven efficacy. "
01/01/2011 - "Image-guided (ultrasound) corticosteroid injections potentially offer a significantly greater clinical improvement over blind (landmark-guided) injections in adults with shoulder pain. "
01/01/2011 - "In this review, patients who underwent image-guided (ultrasound) injections had statistically significant greater improvement in shoulder pain and function at 6 weeks after injection. "
01/01/2003 - "There is a need for further trials investigating the efficacy of corticosteroid injections for shoulder pain. "
01/01/2016 - "The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible impact of patients' visual information on the effectiveness of ultrasound (US)-guided local injections on anxiety levels and shoulder pain. "
|2.||Nerve Block (Nerve Blocks)
01/01/2009 - "Suprascapular nerve block has been shown to be effective in acute, postoperative and chronic shoulder pain. "
12/01/2009 - "The present study suggests that suprascapular nerve block is a safe and effective treatment for hemiplegic shoulder pain. "
11/01/2013 - "Suprascapular nerve block is a safe and effective treatment for patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain. "
09/01/2004 - "To compare a CT guided versus an anatomical landmark approach in a randomised, single blind trial examining the efficacy of suprascapular nerve block for shoulder pain in patients with degenerative joint/rotator cuff disease. "
05/01/2003 - "Suprascapular nerve block has shown promise in limited trials in reducing shoulder pain. "
06/01/1994 - "Ipsilateral stellate ganglion block effective for treating shoulder pain after thoracotomy."
12/01/2013 - "This study examined the hypothesis that ipsilateral upper extremity elevation for muscle-sparing thoracotomy procedures contributes to the postoperative shoulder pain. "
06/01/2013 - "Postthoracotomy shoulder pain reduces patient function and postsurgical rehabilitation potential after thoracotomy, and various studies on explaining the etiology and management of postthoracotomy shoulder pain have been conducted. "
08/01/2007 - "This study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of low-volume interscalene brachial plexus block for post-thoracotomy ipsilateral shoulder pain and to compare it with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug treatment. "
12/01/2013 - "These results supported the hypothesis that myofascial involvement contributed, to some extent, to shoulder pain after muscle-sparing thoracotomy with ipsilateral upper extremity elevation."
03/01/2010 - "Is soft tissue massage an effective treatment for mechanical shoulder pain? "
03/01/2010 - "The aim of this study, therefore, is to provide treating clinicians with improved evidence regarding the effectiveness of soft tissue massage for shoulder pain of local mechanical origin. "
09/01/2013 - "The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of classic massage to massage based on the tensegrity principle for patients with chronic idiopathic shoulder pain. "
01/01/2003 - "A trial into the effectiveness of soft tissue massage in the treatment of shoulder pain."
11/01/2015 - "Soft tissue massage and exercise are commonly used to treat episodes of shoulder pain. "
|5.||Musculoskeletal Manipulations (Manipulative Therapy)
02/01/2012 - "Recently there has been emerging evidence that manual therapy directed at the thoracic spine may be beneficial for patients with shoulder pain; however, this has not been examined specifically in patients with AC. "
01/01/2009 - "These immediate post-treatment results suggest that thoracic and rib manipulative therapy is associated with improved shoulder pain and motion in patients with shoulder pain, and further these interventions support the concept of a regional interdependence between the thoracic spine, upper ribs, and shoulder."
07/01/2014 - "Eligible patients (between 30 and 60 years old, with unilateral shoulder pain) were randomly allocated to 2 study groups: kinesiotaping with exercise (n = 28) or manual therapy with exercise (n = 26). "
02/01/2013 - "Prior studies indicate thoracic spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) improves shoulder pain and disability. "
09/21/2004 - "To study the effectiveness of manipulative therapy for the shoulder girdle in addition to usual medical care for relief of shoulder pain and dysfunction. "