|1.||Muscle Cramp (Cramp)
|1.||Toriscelli, T A: 1 article (11/2009)|
|2.||Lacambra, M: 1 article (11/2009)|
|3.||Eichner, E R: 1 article (11/2009)|
|4.||Horswill, C A: 1 article (11/2009)|
|5.||Stofan, J R: 1 article (11/2009)|
|6.||Murray, R: 1 article (11/2009)|
|7.||Bergeron, Michael F: 1 article (08/2007)|
|8.||Valentine, Verle: 1 article (07/2007)|
|9.||Horswill, Craig A: 1 article (12/2005)|
|10.||Stofan, John R: 1 article (12/2005)|
12/01/2005 - "This observational study was designed to determine whether football players with a history of heat cramps have elevated fluid and sodium losses during training. "
11/01/2009 - "football players with a history of heat cramps were evaluated for the effect of physical training, sodium intake, and loss of sweat sodium on whole blood sodium concentration (BNa). "
12/01/2005 - "Sweat and sodium losses in NCAA football players: a precursor to heat cramps?"
03/01/1996 - "AH was ultimately able to eliminate heat cramps during competition and training by increasing his daily dietary intake of sodium."
03/01/1996 - "The combined effects of excessive and repeated fluid and sodium losses likely predisposed AH to heat cramps during play. "
|2.||Urea (Carbamide)FDA LinkGeneric
|3.||Sodium Chloride (Saline Solution)FDA LinkGeneric
|6.||Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)FDA Link
05/01/1956 - "[Several cases of heat cramp treated with chlorpromazine]."
|1.||Fluid Therapy (Oral Rehydration Therapy)
03/01/2003 - "Appropriate and sufficient salt and fluid intake will enhance rehydration and fluid distribution throughout a player's body, so that heat cramps can be completely averted, even during long matches in the most challenging environments."
07/01/2007 - "Fluid replacement with hypotonic solutions will lead to incomplete rehydration and possible complications such as hyponatremia, decreased performance, heat cramps, or other heat-related illness. "