Intrinsic Positive-Pressure Respiration

Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Also Known As:
Positive-Pressure Respiration, Intrinsic; AutoPEEP; Non-Therapeutic Positive-Pressure Respiration; Nontherapeutic Positive-Pressure Respiration; Positive-Pressure Respiration, Non-Therapeutic; Positive-Pressure Respiration, Nontherapeutic; Respiration, Non-Therapeutic Positive-Pressure; Respiration, Nontherapeutic Positive-Pressure; Auto PEEP; Intrinsic PEEP; Non Therapeutic Positive Pressure Respiration; Nontherapeutic Positive Pressure Respiration; Occult PEEP; Occult Positive-Pressure Respiration; Positive Pressure Respiration, Intrinsic; Positive Pressure Respiration, Non Therapeutic; Positive Pressure Respiration, Nontherapeutic; Positive Pressure Respiration, Occult; Respiration, Intrinsic Positive-Pressure; Respiration, Non Therapeutic Positive Pressure; Respiration, Nontherapeutic Positive Pressure; Respiration, Occult Positive-Pressure; Auto-PEEP; PEEP, Intrinsic; PEEP, Occult; Positive-Pressure Respiration, Occult
Networked: 142 relevant articles (7 outcomes, 10 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Intrinsic Positive-Pressure Respiration
2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
3. Tracheobronchomalacia
4. Vocal Cord Paralysis
5. Critical Illness (Critically Ill)


1. Kacmarek, Robert M: 2 articles (11/2014 - 07/2005)
2. Patroniti, Nicolò: 2 articles (09/2014 - 06/2002)
3. Pesenti, Antonio: 2 articles (09/2014 - 06/2002)
4. Harf, A: 2 articles (01/2013 - 07/2000)
5. Mancebo, J: 2 articles (01/2013 - 07/2000)
6. Brochard, L: 2 articles (01/2013 - 07/2000)
7. Brochard, Laurent: 2 articles (11/2008 - 10/2002)
8. Loop, T: 1 article (01/2016)
9. Wirth, S: 1 article (01/2016)
10. Grimm, A: 1 article (01/2016)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Intrinsic Positive-Pressure Respiration:
1. OxygenIBA
2. IsofluraneFDA LinkGeneric
3. FenoterolIBA
4. PS 5 (PS-5)IBA
5. Carbon MonoxideIBA
6. Albuterol (Salbutamol)FDA LinkGeneric
7. Ipratropium (Ipratropium Bromide)FDA LinkGeneric
8. KetamineFDA LinkGeneric
9. Halothane (Fluothane)FDA Link
10. Carbon DioxideIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Positive-Pressure Respiration (PEEP)
2. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
3. Mechanical Ventilators (Ventilator)
4. Intensive Care (Surgical Intensive Care)
5. Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation)