|1.||Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
|1.||Liu, Zhi: 3 articles (12/2013 - 06/2008)|
|2.||Burger, C: 3 articles (02/2011 - 03/2008)|
|3.||Müller, M C: 3 articles (02/2011 - 03/2008)|
|4.||Weber, O: 3 articles (02/2011 - 03/2008)|
|5.||Bhandari, Mohit: 2 articles (12/2015 - 07/2003)|
|6.||Müller, L P: 2 articles (11/2015 - 08/2013)|
|7.||Burkhart, K J: 2 articles (11/2015 - 08/2013)|
|8.||Wegmann, K: 2 articles (11/2015 - 08/2013)|
|9.||King, Graham J W: 2 articles (01/2014 - 01/2006)|
|10.||Zhang, Xin: 2 articles (07/2013 - 08/2011)|
03/01/2015 - "The objective of this investigation was to assess the efficacy of the following treatment strategy based upon ulnar fracture pattern: closed reduction (CR) for plastic/greenstick fractures, intramedullary (IM) pin fixation for transverse/short oblique fractures, and open reduction and internal fixation for long oblique/comminuted fractures. "
07/01/2007 - "Under compression, IF provides similar fixation in comminuted fractures and was better than the CP for avoiding loss of reduction, whereas under torsional loading, CP was more important for stiffness, plastic deformation, and load to failure than IF. "
01/01/1956 - "Depressed comminuted fracture of a plastic cranioplasty."
01/01/2006 - "In a retrospective analysis, 30 intra-articular fractures (24 Bennett's, three Rolando's and three comminuted fractures) treated between 1994 and 1999 in the Department of Hand, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in Ludwigshafen have been reviewed. "
01/25/1992 - "A patient hit by a plastic bullet sustained severe facial contusion and a comminuted fracture of the mandible with bone loss. "
|2.||Polyethylene Terephthalates (Polyethylene Terephthalate)IBA
09/01/2015 - "This study has two purposes: (1) to compare the clinical results between the Titanium Elastic Nail (TEN) and plate fixation of the displaced midshaft clavicle fracture; and (2) to demonstrate the relationship between length shortening and functional outcome after TEN fixation, especially in the comminuted fracture pattern. "
12/01/2007 - "The study assessed the early functional outcomes with cemented titanium implants of radius in the treatment of comminuted fractures of radial heads. "
06/01/2011 - "We treated 41 consecutive patients who had sustained AO C3 dorsally comminuted fractures of the distal radius with 2.4-mm titanium locking plates between 2006 and 2008. "
12/01/2007 - "The early outcomes with titanium radial head implants in the treatment of radial head comminuted fractures."
02/01/2003 - "With reference to the new means of fixation, in cases of comminuted fractures of the anterior wall, titanium mesh is preferred. "
|4.||Stainless Steel (Steel, Stainless)IBA
10/01/2012 - "We implanted 8 stainless steel locking plates and stainless steel intramedullary nails to stabilize a simulated comminuted fracture in 16 fresh-frozen cadaveric elbows. "
06/01/2007 - "To assess the role of stainless steel flexible intramedullary fixation in unstable pediatric femur fractures, we compared a group of 41 stable (transverse or oblique) fractures with a group of 40 unstable (spiral and/or comminuted) fractures treated with stainless steel (Ender) nails placed through a single lateral insertion. "
12/01/1993 - "The comminuted fractures were as follows: symphysis and body, 10; angle, 3; and ramus, 3. In 13 cases, AO stainless steel reconstruction plates were applied, with a minimum of three 2.7-mm tapped bone screws in each of the two stable segments. "
11/01/2004 - "This study evaluated the biomechanical differences between stainless steel and titanium nails when securing transverse and comminuted fractures in a synthetic femur model. "
08/01/2015 - "Stainless steel or titanium high threaded locking screws may only be carefully used in non-comminuted fractures."
|6.||Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)IBA
|7.||Hyaluronic Acid (Hyaluronan)IBA
01/01/2002 - "[Clinical study of sodium hyaluronate in supplementary treatment of comminuted fracture of ankle]."
01/01/2002 - "Thirty-seven patients suffered from comminuted fracture of ankle were operated for restoration by routing methods, and received 2 ml of sodium hyaluronate injection intra-articularly before the closure of incision. "
01/01/2002 - "To investigate the effects of sodium hyaluronate in supplementary treatment of comminuted fracture of ankle. "
01/01/2002 - "Intra-articular injection of sodium hyaluronate is an effective supplementary treatment for comminuted fracture of ankle."
|10.||aldosterone secretion inhibitory factor (ASIF)IBA
01/01/1979 - "A series of 131 comminuted fractures of the femoral shaft in 123 patients were externally fixed by the ASIF plating method. "
09/01/1973 - "Repair of a comminuted fracture using ASIF techniques and implants."
05/01/1985 - "Between July 1981 and March 1983 we treated seven patients with severely comminuted fractures of the femoral shaft (of which three were open), using the ASIF tubular external fixator system or the Wagner apparatus. "
12/01/2002 - "Distal comminuted fracture (AO/ASIF Type C2) was induced in both sides of the canine's femurs, and one side was fixed with the double plates (steel plate and polyethylene plate), whereas the other with a single steel plate. "
11/01/2011 - "In the management of displaced unstable comminuted fracture of the distal radius, use of an articulated multiplanar external fixator, allowing partial dynamization of the injured wrist at 3 weeks, resulted in improved early functional and anatomical outcome as compared to static external fixation. "
12/01/1994 - "The purpose of this study was to determine retrospectively some subjective and objective parameters following the operative treatment of 32 patients with "complex" (intraarticular and/or comminuted) fractures of the distal radius using the small AO external fixation device. "
03/01/1989 - "A study was organized to evaluate the use of a one-plane external fixation device to treat comminuted fractures of the distal radius. "
05/01/2015 - "To report the functional and radiological results of unusual comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus, treated with 'closed reduction and external fixation' (CREF) using hybrid-type unilateral external fixators (EFs). "
04/01/2014 - "The patients with comminuted fractures were treated with screw or Kirschner wire fixation without uncovering periost so as to enhance stability between fracture end and bone blocks,followed by the fixation with over-articular external fixators. "
|2.||Prostheses and Implants (Prosthesis)
11/01/2008 - "The good functional outcome and the short intervention time in our present study and not needing a sufficient rotator cuff for implementation purposes suggest the use of the Delta III reverse shoulder prosthesis as a treatment option for elderly patients with comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus."
03/01/2008 - "The aim of this study was to define the value of the bipolar radial head prosthesis of Judet for treating comminuted fractures of the radial head. "
02/01/2014 - "The reverse prosthesis may be particularly useful in patients aged older than 70 years, especially those with severely comminuted fractures in osteopenic bone. "
01/01/2010 - "As this may lead to higher rates of revision surgery, it may be preferable to treat comminuted fractures in the elderly primarily with a prosthesis or non-operatively. "
11/01/2008 - "Between 2001-2003, 25 patients with an unreconstructible comminuted fracture of the radial head and elbow instability were treated with a bipolar radial head prosthesis. "
01/01/2014 - "The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of a locking plate and crest bone autologous graft for treating proximal humerus comminuted fractures. "
07/01/2005 - "The aim of the study was to determine whether cancellous bone graft harvested from anterior iliac crest using trephine biopsy needle consistently achieved bone union in comminuted fractures and fractures of more than 3 weeks duration of radius and ulna and also to determine the morbidity at the donor site. "
01/01/2015 - "Bone fragment and graft stabilization are important during reconstructive surgery of cases with comminuted fractures and bone defects. "
01/01/2014 - "Locking plate fixation combined with an iliac crest bone graft is an effective technique for treating proximal humerus comminuted fractures."
01/01/2014 - "Locking plate fixation combined with iliac crest bone autologous graft for proximal humerus comminuted fracture."
02/01/2015 - "Kirschner wire had good clinical efficacy for fixing Lisfranc ligament injury with the second metatarsal base comminuted fracture, and could avoid arthrodesis."
01/01/2015 - "Primary subtalar joint arthrodesis for comminuted fractures of the calcaneus."
01/01/2011 - "Comminuted fractures should be treated first by external fixation and by arthrodesis at the second stage if problems arise."
04/01/2008 - "Case 2 had had knee arthrodesis for an intra-articular comminuted fracture 5 years and 10 months before conversion. "
08/01/2004 - "Arthrodesis of the knee was done for the patient with comminuted fracture of the tibial condyle and popliteal artery injury. "
|5.||Homologous Transplantation (Allograft)
08/01/1954 - "[Nine cases of homograft of calcaneum in comminuted fracture caused by mine explosion]."
04/28/1954 - "[Astragalus homograft for closed comminuted fracture caused by mine explosion: three cases]."
01/01/2015 - "Anatomical plate combined with cortical bone plate allograft fixation is a good method to treat comminuted fractures of the femoral condyles. "
01/01/2015 - "To summarize the effectiveness of anatomical plate combined with cortical bone plate allografts in the treatment of comminuted fractures of the femoral condyles. "
01/01/2015 - "[ANATOMICAL PLATE COMBINED WITH CORTICAL BONE PLATE ALLOGRAFTS FOR TREATMENT OF COMMINUTED FRACTURES OF FEMORAL CONDYLES]."