|1.||Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Epidermoid Carcinoma)
|4.||Mouth Neoplasms (Oral Cancer)
|1.||Zeng, Xin: 12 articles (07/2014 - 06/2008)|
|2.||Chen, Qianming: 11 articles (07/2014 - 02/2008)|
|3.||Thongprasom, Kobkan: 8 articles (07/2015 - 03/2006)|
|4.||Sun, Andy: 7 articles (02/2015 - 04/2002)|
|5.||Dan, Hongxia: 7 articles (07/2014 - 06/2009)|
|6.||Cheng, Bin: 7 articles (10/2013 - 03/2005)|
|7.||Carrozzo, M: 7 articles (04/2011 - 01/2000)|
|8.||Zhou, Gang: 6 articles (01/2015 - 03/2005)|
|9.||Lin, Mei: 6 articles (11/2013 - 02/2008)|
|10.||Porter, S R: 6 articles (04/2007 - 01/2000)|
|1.||Tacrolimus (Prograf)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/2014 - "Studies have shown that topical tacrolimus is effective for a broad spectrum of mucocutaneous diseases, including oral lichen planus. "
12/01/2004 - "Topical tacrolimus is effective for the treatment of oral lichen planus. "
12/01/2004 - "Topical tacrolimus has been reported to be effective for the treatment of oral lichen planus. "
01/01/2007 - "Topical tacrolimus is a safe and effective alternative therapy in the treatment of oral lichen planus."
06/01/2015 - "Efficacy of topical tacrolimus for oral lichen planus: real-life experience in a retrospective cohort of patients with a review of the literature."
|2.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
02/01/2008 - "Existing clinical trials have shown that topical corticosteroids are often effective in the management of oral lichen planus (OLP). "
03/01/2004 - "This study aimed to characterize the clinical profile of patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and to evaluate the efficacy of topical, systemic and/or intralesional corticosteroids in the management of symptomatic cases. "
09/01/2003 - "This study aimed to characterize the clinical profile of patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and to evaluate the efficacy of topical, systemic and/or intralesional corticosteroids in the management of symptomatic cases. "
01/01/1999 - "To evaluate the efficacy of a combination of topical corticosteroids with topical antimycotic drugs in the therapy of atrophic-erosive forms of oral lichen planus (OLP). "
01/01/2015 - "Standard treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP) includes topical or systemic corticosteroids that have many adverse effects. "
|3.||Triamcinolone Acetonide (Azmacort)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/2005 - "The stability of a triamcinolone acetonide mouthwash and its efficacy in treating oral lichen planus are described. "
03/01/2005 - "Formulation and efficacy of triamcinolone acetonide mouthwash for treating oral lichen planus."
10/01/2012 - "Randomized trial of aloe vera gel vs triamcinolone acetonide ointment in the treatment of oral lichen planus."
10/01/2012 - "When clinical signs and symptoms were observed after 8 weeks of therapy, it was determined that aloe vera gel was more effective than triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of oral lichen planus. "
10/01/2012 - "To determine the effectiveness of aloe vera gel in the treatment of oral lichen planus when compared with triamcinolone acetonide. "
|4.||Clobetasol (Clobetasol Propionate)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/2011 - "A patient suffering from a mixed atrophic-erosive form of oral lichen planus (OLP), with serious gingival involvement, was also treated with the topical application of clobetasol propionate 0.05% using gingival trays. "
09/01/2010 - "HPA-suppressive effects of aqueous clobetasol propionate in the treatment of patients with oral lichen planus."
02/01/2009 - "Topical clobetasol in the treatment of atrophic-erosive oral lichen planus: a randomized controlled trial to compare two preparations with different concentrations."
01/01/1992 - "[Occlusive treatment of atrophic and erosive oral lichen planus with Clobetasol Propionate 0.05% ointment (Dermovat)]."
06/01/2014 - "Efficacy of laser phototherapy in comparison to topical clobetasol for the treatment of oral lichen planus: a randomized controlled trial."
|5.||pimecrolimus (Elidel)FDA Link
08/01/2008 - "Pimecrolimus in an adhesive ointment is safe and effective in long-term treatment for oral lichen planus."
04/01/2004 - "Pimecrolimus in an adhesive ointment as a new treatment option for oral lichen planus."
04/01/2012 - "Topical pimecrolimus effect on Fas inducing apoptosis in oral lichen planus: a clinical immunohistochemical study."
09/01/2008 - "Pimecrolimus cream 1% in erosive oral lichen planus--a prospective randomized double-blind vehicle-controlled study."
04/01/2012 - "To investigate the effectiveness of pimecrolimus treatment in patients not responding to corticosteroid treatment and to investigate its effect on Fas expression on keratinocytes in oral lichen planus (OLP). "
|6.||Cyclosporine (Ciclosporin)FDA LinkGeneric
04/01/1994 - "Our results confirm that cyclosporine is useful in the treatment of oral lichen planus."
08/02/1990 - "As a topical preparation, cyclosporine may be useful in the treatment of oral lichen planus and possibly other cutaneous disorders."
04/01/1994 - "[The efficacy of cyclosporin for topical use in oral lichen planus]."
05/01/1995 - "The published studies of topical cyclosporin (CyA) therapy in chronic oral lichen planus (OLP) have shown conflicting results. "
05/01/1995 - "Topical cyclosporin in oral lichen planus: a controlled, randomized, prospective trial."
|7.||Betamethasone (Celestone)FDA Link
12/01/2014 - "As the treatment of OLP is challenging to the oral practitioners, here we report a case of successful management of extensive, symptomatic bullous and erosive oral lichen planus with a novel treatment protocol- oral minipulse therapy with betamethasone. "
11/01/2013 - "Efficacy of intralesional betamethasone for erosive oral lichen planus and evaluation of recurrence: a randomized, controlled trial."
11/01/2013 - "This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of intralesional betamethasone in erosive oral lichen planus and to evaluate relapse of erosion. "
06/01/2003 - "The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of two patient-centred outcome measures to the topical application of a corticosteroid (betamethasone) in the treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP). "
06/01/1977 - "Betamethasone valerate aerosol, given in doses of up to 800 microgram per day, was compared with placebo in a double-blind trial involving 23 patients with oral lichen planus. "
01/01/2007 - "PDT following topical application of photosensitiser (metylene blue and methyl-ALA) has shown improvement in cutaneous diseases of the oral mucous membrane such as oral lichen planus. "
01/01/2013 - "Oral lichen planus treated with MAL-PDT showed lasting improvement after a single treatment."
07/01/2015 - "Recently, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been suggested as a new treatment option that is free from side effects for erosive-atrophic oral lichen planus (OLP). "
01/01/2013 - "The study objective was clinical assessment of the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in the treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP). "
08/01/2007 - "PDT has shown potential in the treatment of oral leukoplakia, oral lichen planus, and head and neck cancer. "
04/01/1996 - "Results from this study show that a novel delivery method and treatment protocol for the application of topical steroids onto lesional mucosa is useful for the symptomatic control of oral lichen planus."
10/01/2015 - "An 81-year-old HIV-negative woman, treated for 3months with topical steroids for oral lichen planus, developed an asymptomatic white, corrugated, non-removable plaque with vertical folds on the lateral edge of the tongue. "
06/01/2007 - "Topical steroids are the first choice for the treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP). "
12/01/2008 - "Steroids have been found to be effective in treating symptomatic oral lichen planus (OLP) by reducing pain and inflammation. "
03/01/1996 - "To evaluate the efficacy and long-term course of topical steroids treatment in oral lichen planus (OLP), an open trial has been carried out in 30 patients with atrophic-erosive or symptomatic varieties of OLP confirmed histologically with relative contraindications for systemic steroid treatment (namely, liver disease, peptic ulcer, diabetes, blood hypertension or osteoporosis). "
|10.||Vitamin A (Retinol)FDA LinkGeneric
12/01/1983 - "Severe oral lichen planus: remission and maintenance with vitamin A analogues."
09/01/1999 - "Hyperkeratotic oral lichen planus role of vitamin A."
01/01/2002 - "The aim of this exploratory study was to assess the efficacy of a natural metabolite of vitamin A, retinaldehyde 0.1%, vehicled in a gel in 17 patients with oral lichen planus and in 13 patients with oral leukoplakia, twice daily for 2 months. "
01/01/2010 - "Comparison of the effect of combination of triamcinolone acetonide and vitamin a mouthwash with triamcinolone mouthwash alone on oral lichen planus."
01/01/1993 - "This article describes several treatment modalities in the control of oral lichen planus including steroids, griseofulvin, vitamin A, cyclosporine, surgical excision, et al. Other features included consist of proper biopsy site selection, the need for annual re-examination, lichen planus's malignant potential, and when "not to treat.""
|1.||Photochemotherapy (Photodynamic Therapy)
01/01/2013 - "Clinical assessment of the efficacy of photodynamic therapy in the treatment of oral lichen planus."
06/01/2015 - "We searched in PubMed website for the clinical studies that were reported from 2000 to 2014 using specific keywords: "photodynamic therapy" and "treatment of oral lichen planus". "
01/01/1989 - "Seventeen patients with histologically confirmed oral lichen planus (LP) unresponsive to previous treatments were enrolled in a study on the feasibility of photochemotherapy in the treatment of oral LP. "
06/01/2015 - "Photodynamic therapy in treatment of oral lichen planus."
01/01/2015 - "[Clinical and laboratory rationale for photodynamic therapy in patients with severe complicated oral lichen planus]."
|2.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
03/01/2010 - "The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of drug therapy of psychiatric disorders in oral lichen planus. "
03/01/2010 - "Because psychiatric disorders significantly influence the development and severity of oral lichen planus, the use of psychiatric drug therapy may be an adjunct in treatment. "
03/01/2010 - "The evaluation of psychiatric drug therapy on oral lichen planus patients with psychiatric disorders."
10/01/2010 - "Reliable evidence for management of oral submucous fibrosis is still limited; amifostine, hydrolytic enzymes, ice chips and Chinese medicine may be effective in preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving radiotherapy or chemotherapy; the evidence in treating oral mucositis with allopurinol mouthwash, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, immunoglobulin or human placentral extract for patients with cancer receiving treatment is weak and unreliable yet; there is evidence that acyclovir is efficacious in prevention and treatment of herpes simplex virus infections in patients being treated for cancer; there is strong evidence that drugs absorbed or partially absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract prevent oral candidiasis in patients receiving treatment for cancer; relapses and adverse effects are common in using beta carotene, lycopene, vitamin A or retinoids to treat oral leukoplakia; only some weak evidence is provided in using cyclosporines, retinoids, steroids or phototherapy for treating oral lichen planus; the evidence about acyclovir for treating primary herpetic gingivostomatitis is insufficient; there is little research evidence for treatment of burning mouth syndrome. "
|3.||Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)
10/01/2010 - "To detail the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) for the management of oral lichen planus (OLP) unresponsive to standard therapy. "
02/01/2014 - "Two focused on the effectiveness of LLLT for oral lichen planus. "
01/01/2014 - "Clinical evaluation of the efficiency of low-level laser therapy for oral lichen planus: a prospective case series."
12/01/2013 - "Low Level Laser Therapy was an effective treatment with no side effects and it may be considered as an alternative therapy for erosive/ulcerative oral lichen planus. "
12/01/2013 - "Use of low level laser therapy for oral lichen planus: report of two cases."
10/01/2015 - "Clinical trial analyzing the impact of continuous defocused CO2 laser vaporisation on the malignant transformation of erosive oral lichen planus."
01/01/2011 - "CO2 laser was used to remove the lesion and the conclusive histopathological diagnosis was oral lichen planus. "
01/01/2011 - "The aim of this case report is to present a histologically diagnosed oral lichen planus excised by the CO2 laser. "
01/01/2011 - "Removal of oral lichen planus by CO2 laser."
07/01/2008 - "CO2 laser evaporation of oral lichen planus."
01/01/2013 - "Efficacy of diode laser in the management of oral lichen planus."
01/01/2015 - "The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of diode laser for the management of white lesions such as oral leukoplakia (OL) and oral lichen planus (OLP). "
04/01/2013 - "Treatment with the 810-nm diode laser was applied to a group of eighteen patients with pathological frenulum and epulis fissuratum; five patients with oral lichen planus, oral leukoplakia, and mucous membrane pemphigoid; and four patients with pyogenic granuloma. "