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Microvascular Angina (Cardiac Syndrome X)

ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
Also Known As:
Cardiac Syndrome X; X Syndrome, Angina; Angina Syndrome X; Angina Syndrome Xs; Angina X Syndrome; Angina X Syndromes; Syndrome Xs, Angina; Syndrome, Angina X; Angina Pectoris with Normal Coronary Arteriogram; Angina, Microvascular; Syndrome X, Angina; Syndrome X, Cardiac
Networked: 171 relevant articles (10 outcomes, 34 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Myocardial Ischemia (Ischemic Heart Diseases)
2. Spasm (Spasms)
3. Ischemia
4. Insulin Resistance
5. Chest Pain (Chest Pains)

Experts

1. Crea, Filippo: 10 articles (01/2015 - 04/2005)
2. Sestito, Alfonso: 10 articles (01/2015 - 04/2005)
3. Lanza, Gaetano A: 7 articles (01/2015 - 05/2005)
4. Kaski, Juan Carlos: 5 articles (08/2012 - 01/2002)
5. Di Franco, Antonino: 4 articles (01/2015 - 06/2012)
6. Lamendola, Priscilla: 4 articles (07/2013 - 03/2010)
7. Nerla, Roberto: 4 articles (07/2013 - 03/2010)
8. Li, Jian-Jun: 4 articles (11/2011 - 01/2006)
9. Tavil, Yusuf: 4 articles (10/2009 - 11/2007)
10. Cengel, Atiye: 4 articles (06/2009 - 11/2007)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Microvascular Angina:
1. Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme)IBA
2. Insulin (Novolin)FDA Link
3. Arginine (L-Arginine)FDA Link
4. CalciumIBA
5. Proton Pump InhibitorsIBA
6. Nicorandil (SG 75)IBA
7. C-Reactive ProteinIBA
8. Glucose (Dextrose)FDA LinkGeneric
9. Endothelin-1 (Endothelin 1)IBA
10. Dipyridamole (Persantine)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Catheters
2. Counterpulsation (External Counterpulsation)
3. Estrogen Replacement Therapy
4. Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
5. Chinese Traditional Medicine (Traditional Chinese Medicine)