|1.||Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
|2.||Spinal Cord Injuries (Spinal Cord Injury)
|4.||Multiple Trauma (Multiple Injuries)
|1.||Inaba, Kenji: 4 articles (09/2013 - 10/2010)|
|2.||Demetriades, Demetrios: 4 articles (09/2013 - 02/2002)|
|3.||Moore, Ernest E: 4 articles (02/2011 - 05/2004)|
|4.||Demiralp, Bahtiyar: 4 articles (05/2008 - 01/2004)|
|5.||Navsaria, P H: 3 articles (09/2014 - 02/2004)|
|6.||Nicol, A J: 3 articles (09/2014 - 08/2005)|
|7.||Biffl, Walter L: 3 articles (02/2011 - 12/2010)|
|8.||Velmahos, G C: 3 articles (01/2002 - 01/2000)|
|9.||Velmahos, George C: 2 articles (02/2015 - 02/2002)|
|10.||Deng, D: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2015)|
|1.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
03/01/1997 - "Initial treatment of animals with gunshot wounds should include administration of antibiotics effective against gram-positive and -negative bacteria. "
10/01/2012 - "We report a case of a patient sustaining a single cervical gunshot wound compromising the cervical esophagus and who was treated exclusively with cervical drainage, enteral support and antibiotics."
01/01/2006 - "Although the utility of antibiotics in low-velocity gunshot wounds is controversial, high-velocity gunshot wounds should be treated with 48 to 72 hours of antibiotic therapy."
01/01/1995 - "From the authors' experience, they believe that patients with low-velocity gunshot wounds to the foot should be hospitalized and treated with at least a 3-day course of intravenous antibiotics of a first generation cephalosporin. "
05/01/1987 - "Role of antibiotics in the treatment of extremity gunshot wounds."
06/01/1998 - "Steroids and gunshot wounds to the spine."
09/01/1997 - "In this retrospective, nonrandomized review, no neurological benefits were detectable from intravenously administered steroids after a gunshot wound to the spine. "
09/01/1997 - "In this review, we examined the relative risk/benefit ratio of intravenously treating spinal gunshot wound victims with steroids. "
09/01/1997 - "Steroids and gunshot wounds to the spine."
09/01/1997 - "Patients who sustain a spinal cord injury secondary to a gunshot wound to the spine should not be treated with steroids until the efficacy of such treatment is proven in a controlled study."
|3.||cupric sulfide (CuS)IBA
|4.||glucuronyl glucosamine glycan sulfate (Vessel)IBA
01/01/2003 - "In gunshot wounds of the major veins good results may be achieved in early reconstructive surgeries with individual approach allowing for general condition of the wounded and nature of vessel injury."
06/01/2001 - "An abdominal gunshot wound was the mechanism of injury in 78 per cent of patients, and injury to more than one named abdominal vessel was present in 42 per cent. "
07/01/1977 - "Peculiarities in the development of collateral blood circulation and skin temperature of the foreleg were studied in two series of experiments (38 dogs) after gunshot wound of the humeral area, lesion of vessel-nervous bundle (first series) and humeral artery resection with section of medial and ulnar nerves (second series). "
08/01/2012 - "Sixty nine patients, 59 with gunshot wounds, sustained 108 iliac vessel injuries. "
01/01/2005 - "We believe that for patients with gunshot wounds involving vessel injuries, early one-time reconstruction of the destroyed anatomical structures should be performed."
|5.||Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (Tumor Necrosis Factor)IBA
03/01/1996 - "The results indicated that locally applied TNF-alpha benefited the incised and gunshot wound healing. "
03/01/1996 - "Also, TNF-alpha promoted the inflammatory reaction in the wounded area of gunshot wounds. "
03/01/1996 - "In vivo effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha on incised wound and gunshot wound healing."
03/01/1996 - "Histology revealed increased capillary tube-like structures and collagen formation and fibroblast proliferation in both incised and gunshot wounds treated with TNF-alpha. "
03/01/1996 - "Recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) was applied to incised wounds (adult rats, n = 14) and gunshot wounds (dogs, n = 5). "
|6.||Ceftriaxone (Ceftriaxon)FDA LinkGeneric
|7.||Cefazolin (Ancef)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/2004 - "While overall suicide rates in females remained unchanged, with no changes in the rates at different ages, significant increases in hanging and CO deaths occurred over all age groups (p < 0.05), with significant falls in drug overdose deaths in the 10-25 year age group (p < 0.01), and significant overall falls in suicides due to gunshot wounds (p < 0.05). "
02/01/1983 - "[Use of CO 2 laser in treatment of gunshot wounds of the pancreas (experimental study)]."
03/01/2004 - "The relevant injuries were attributable to gunshot wounds (n = 13), sharp force (n = 11), blunt force (n = 3), ligature strangulation (n = 3), smothering (n = 6), fire/carbon monoxide (n = 2) and combined impacts (n = 7). "
10/01/2008 - "Six topics are described in this Injury Supplement, including influencing factors and mechanisms, co-morbidities, biological responses, diagnosis and treatment of closed soft-tissue injury, compartment syndrome and gunshot wounds. "
04/01/2004 - "Gunshot wound deaths were far less common than published data from other countries would indicate, with relative increases in deaths due to hanging, drug toxicity, drowning and carbon monoxide toxicity. "
|9.||Cocaine (Cocaine HCl)IBA
01/01/2015 - "On the other hand, chemokine C-C motif ligand 2 and jun proto-oncogene expression were unaffected in cocaine-abusing subjects dying of gunshot wounds, in contrast to the differential expression previously reported in cocaine-related fatalities. "
01/01/1990 - "An example of cocaine tolerance in a gunshot wound fatality."
01/01/2015 - "Data obtained from chronic cocaine abusers (and matched control subjects) dying of gunshot wounds were compared with a prior study of subjects with deaths directly attributable to cocaine abuse. "
03/01/2004 - "the immediate cause of death is directly due to a readily identifiable mechanism or disease such as a gunshot wound or a stroke, yet the acute use of cocaine was the direct underlying cause of the trauma or the disease process; and (3). "
02/01/1990 - "Acute bronchial asthma may be complicated by pneumomediastinum, often accompanied by the "ring around the artery" sign, described in association with asthma, trauma (gunshot wound), subclavian catheterization, and cocaine use, or with no identifiable risk factors. "
|10.||Fibrin Tissue Adhesive (Fibrin Sealant)IBA
08/01/2003 - "Percutaneous transrenal application of fibrin sealant for refractory urinary leak after gunshot wound."
06/30/1985 - "[Use of a human fibrin adhesive "Tissucol" in a case of gunshot wounds]."
09/01/1988 - "Fibrin glue was used to occlude longstanding enterocutaneous fistulae, control liver hemorrhage in an alcoholic patient with coagulopathy, and perform a splenorrhaphy, following a gunshot wound to the spleen. "
09/01/2015 - "The aim of this study was to create the preconditions for gunshot wounds closing without complications by the application of fibrin glue with antibiotics 24 h after primary surgical treatment. "
09/01/2015 - "Experimental closure of gunshot wounds by fibrin glue with antibiotics in pigs."
03/01/1994 - "However, to gain good results in this case the principles of surgical debridement of gunshot wounds must be strictly followed. "
07/01/2015 - "Results Patients in this series underwent endoscopic surgery, debridement, and repair of CSF leaks after gunshot wounds to the head. "
10/01/2014 - "Authors came to conclusion that the surgical debridement of the gunshot wound, made by a rifle cartridge in 7,62-mm calibre of AK-47, should consist of exsection of devitalized section of artery."
08/01/2013 - "Given the current evidence related to management of gunshot wounds to the hand, we believe that early debridement, antibiotic treatment, reconstruction, and rehabilitation offer patients the best chance for full functional recovery. "
05/01/2006 - "Three patients developed minor complications Irrigation and minimal debridement in the outpatient setting is an acceptable method of treatment for low energy gunshot wounds to the lower limbs, without orthopaedic or vascular involvement."
07/01/2015 - "Improvement in venous outflow following superior sagittal sinus decompression after a gunshot wound to the head: case report."
10/01/1977 - "The purpose of this study consisted in providing experimental grounds to prove the efficiency of the biliferous tract decompression at surgical treatment of gunshot wounds of the liver. "
01/01/2001 - "Intensive "enteral" therapy of acute insufficiency of GIT in severe gunshot wounds includes the measures resulting in improvement of microcirculation, tissue respiration in organs of GIT, decompression of the stomach, local defense of mucosa, detoxication and early enteral balanced nutrition. "
10/01/1977 - "[Effect of biliary decompression on the results of the surgical treatment of gunshot wounds of the liver]."
09/01/1992 - "An experience with treatment of 133 patients with gunshot wounds of the liver has shown that the optimum method of completing the surgical treatment of the gunshot wound of the liver is tamponade of it with the omentum on the pedicle and drainage of the subhepatic space, for extensive injuries of the liver the external decompression of bile ducts is necessary. "
11/01/1992 - "We have fashioned a balloon tamponade device that has proved very effective for these transfixing hepatic gunshot wounds."
11/01/1992 - "Balloon tamponade for bilobar transfixing hepatic gunshot wounds."
05/01/1999 - "The intraparenchymatous balloon tamponade in the hepatic transfixing lesions is a sure procedure, rapid and easy, particularly in the emergency rooms of countries that have a high index of abdominal trauma with gunshot wounds and they are not always endowed with all the surgical medical requirements to treat these severe and difficult hepatic lesions."
11/01/1997 - "Surgical technique for the management of penetrating hepatic trauma includes balloon tamponade, which is most useful for central gunshot wounds that pass through both lobes. "
02/01/1982 - "In the patient reported here, a pseudoaneurysm occurred 17 days after gunshot wounds to the back of the neck, and was successfully treated with balloon embolization. "
10/01/1977 - "[Primary alloplasty with formalinized bone grafts in extensive diaphyseal gunshot wounds of the femur (experimental study)]."
01/01/2009 - "The present report describes the use of an autologous artery for tibial artery bypass graft following a gunshot wound to the calf. "
12/01/2007 - "The ruptured testis from gunshot wounds can be successfully reconstructed with a free graft of tunica vaginalis. "
08/01/1999 - "Digital nerve repair by autogenous vein graft in high-velocity gunshot wounds."
01/01/1997 - "Gunshot wounds of the internal carotid artery at the skull base: management with vein bypass grafts and a review of the literature."
|5.||Intramedullary Fracture Fixation
12/01/2014 - "The purpose of this study was to determine significant factors that may impact the postoperative differences in femoral version (DFV) and differences in femoral length (DFL) between the fixed and uninjured sides after intramedullary nailing (IMN) secondary to gunshot wounds. "
12/01/2014 - "Intramedullary nailing of diaphyseal femur fractures secondary to gunshot wounds: predictors of postoperative malrotation."
11/01/2009 - "External fixation followed by delayed interlocking intramedullary nailing in high velocity gunshot wounds of the femur."
09/01/2007 - "Locked intramedullary nailing of metacarpal fractures secondary to gunshot wounds."
09/01/2006 - "We reviewed the results of 10 patients with locked intramedullary nailing of the metacarpal for low-velocity gunshot wounds. "