|2.||Pleural Effusion (Pleural Effusions)
|1.||Lao, Suihua: 6 articles (05/2014 - 01/2011)|
|2.||Li, Li: 6 articles (05/2014 - 10/2010)|
|3.||Zhang, Xianlan: 5 articles (05/2014 - 01/2011)|
|4.||Wu, Changyou: 5 articles (03/2014 - 01/2011)|
|5.||Pai, Madhukar: 5 articles (11/2013 - 10/2007)|
|6.||Qiao, Dan: 5 articles (01/2012 - 10/2010)|
|7.||Shi, Huan-Zhong: 4 articles (01/2013 - 04/2007)|
|8.||Masuda, Kimihiko: 4 articles (07/2011 - 08/2006)|
|9.||Krenke, Rafał: 4 articles (01/2011 - 01/2006)|
|10.||McMurray, David N: 4 articles (09/2008 - 08/2003)|
|1.||Interferon-gamma (Interferon, gamma)IBA
02/01/2009 - "The ELISPOT assay for interferon-gamma can accurately diagnose tuberculous pleurisy and is helpful for patients not suitable for pleural biopsy and those whose biopsy results are non-diagnostic."
08/01/2015 - "Interferon Gamma Release Assays for Diagnosis of Pleural Tuberculosis: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis."
01/01/2015 - "Accuracy of the interferon-gamma release assay for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy: an updated meta-analysis."
01/01/2013 - "Challenges in the development of an immunochromatographic interferon-gamma test for diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis."
01/01/2013 - "Interferon-gamma release assay performance of pleural fluid and peripheral blood in pleural tuberculosis."
01/01/2003 - "Adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity has been helpful for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. "
05/01/2008 - "Many studies have investigated the usefulness of adenosine deaminase (ADA) in pleural fluid for the early diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. "
04/01/2008 - "Despite the differences found among studies, it is possible to conclude that the determination of adenosine deaminase levels has high accuracy in the diagnosis of the pleural tuberculosis and should be used as a routine test in its investigation."
07/01/2003 - "Many studies have investigated the usefulness of adenosine deaminase activity (ADA) in pleural fluid for the early diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. "
01/01/2015 - "Combined evaluation of adenosine deaminase level and histopathological findings from pleural biopsy with Cope's needle for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy."
|3.||butyl 3-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)oxanilate (MTB)IBA
01/01/2011 - "This study aimed to evaluate the value of detection of the genome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy and compare the results with those of conventional methods. "
11/01/2015 - "Performance of Xpert MTB/RIF Assay in Diagnosis of Pleural Tuberculosis by Use of Pleural Fluid Samples."
10/01/2015 - "[Rapid diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis by Xpert MTB/RIF assay]."
01/01/2015 - "Rapid diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis by Xpert MTB/RIF assay using pleural biopsy and pleural fluid specimens."
11/01/2014 - "Pleural tuberculosis (PLTB), a major cause of morbidity and mortality, is the most common extrapulmonary manifestation of active Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) in developing countries. "
|4.||tributyl phosphate (TBP)IBA
01/01/2012 - "Tuberculous pleurisy (TBP) is a frequent extrapulmonary manifestation characterized by the accumulation of inflammatory cells that can sometimes be spontaneously self-cured. "
05/01/2014 - "In the present study, we found that without any stimulation, CD8(+) T cells in pleural fluid cells (PFCs) expressed significantly higher levels of CD69 than PBMCs from patients with tuberculous pleurisy (TBP). "
11/01/2013 - "We enrolled 92 patients, including 34 with tuberculous pleurisy (TBP), 36 with malignant pleuritis and 15 with parapneumonic effusions. "
02/01/2008 - "Much effort has been devoted to the identification of immunologically important factors in tuberculous pleurisy (TBP) and malignant pleurisy (MP) to improve the differential diagnosis of the two major causes of lymphocyte-dominant pleurisy. "
07/01/2012 - "Flow cytometry was used to determine the frequencies of CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25+CD127- T-cells in peripheral blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pleural effusions from 120 patients (30 with pulmonary tuberculosis and DM (TBDM), 30 with pulmonary tuberculosis without DM (TB), 30 with tuberculous pleurisy without DM (TBP) and 30 healthy volunteers). "
12/28/1996 - "Patients presenting with unclear effusion should undergo extensive investigations, including a tuberculin test, and anergy panel, pleural fluid cultures, and pleural biopsy with cultures for microorganisms, with the object of establishing or ruling out pleural tuberculosis."
09/01/1990 - "Compartmentalization of PPD-reactive T cells in the pleural fluid and immunosuppression by T cells and/or macrophages in the peripheral blood were responsible for this immunological difference observed between the lymphocytes in pleural fluid and those in peripheral blood of tuberculous pleurisy. "
09/01/1990 - "In tuberculous pleurisy, T cells in pleural fluid respond remarkably in vitro to PPD tuberculin whereas T cells in peripheral blood responded poorly to PPD stimulation. "
09/01/1987 - "These data suggest that early skin anergy in tuberculous pleurisy may be associated with sequestration of PPD-reactive T-lymphocytes in the pleural spaces involving both Leu-2-and Leu-3-positive T-cells."
06/01/1986 - "Therefore, effusion lymphocyte responsiveness to tuberculin does not prove the presence of tuberculous pleurisy but does indicate sensitisation to tuberculin."
|6.||Biological Markers (Surrogate Marker)IBA
07/01/2010 - "Future research needs include validating the available diagnostic tests in larger randomized studies, finding newer specific biomarkers that are simple, accurate and cost-effective for the developing world and determining treatment regimens specific for tuberculous pleurisy."
12/01/2008 - "Several biological markers have been proposed to improve the efficacy of diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy. "
01/01/2015 - "Diagnostic performance of different pleural fluid biomarkers in tuberculous pleurisy."
05/01/2012 - "CXCL12 as a biological marker for the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy."
01/01/2012 - "Moreover, the ACE/ACE2 ratio combined with MMP-9 activity in pleural fluid may be potential biomarkers for diagnosing tuberculous pleurisy."
01/01/2014 - "Thus, Th17 and Treg cells and related cytokines may be important immunopathogenesis for tuberculous pleurisy."
01/01/2014 - "Th17 and Treg cells may be involved in the immune pathological mechanism of tuberculous pleurisy and changes of related cytokines may be involved in the differentiation of Th17 and Treg cells and inflammatory response. "
01/01/2011 - "These cells were treated in vitro with various cytokines, which were produced in the effluents of tuberculous pleurisy. "
04/01/2004 - "[Diagnosis and treatment of tuberculous pleurisy--with special reference to the significance of measurement of pleural fluid cytokines]."
07/01/2001 - "Cytokines in pleural liquid for diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy."
|8.||DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)IBA
01/01/2010 - "Our study compares nine DNA extraction systems in an experimental model of pleural tuberculosis. "
01/01/2010 - "Molecular methods have been reported to have different sensitivities in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis and this may in part be caused by the use of different methods of DNA extraction. "
01/01/2010 - "Comparison of methods of DNA extraction for real-time PCR in a model of pleural tuberculosis."
04/01/1997 - "Detection of mycobacterial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by the polymerase chain reaction is an interesting test, but its usefulness in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy needs further confirmation. "
04/01/1992 - "Detection of mycobacterial DNA in pleural fluid from patients with tuberculous pleurisy by means of the polymerase chain reaction: comparison of two protocols."
|9.||Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (Tumor Necrosis Factor)IBA
07/01/2015 - "Here we product a meta-analysis for the available evidence on the ability of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in pleural fluid to serve as a diagnostic marker of tuberculous pleurisy (TP). "
07/01/2015 - "Diagnostic accuracy of pleural fluid tumor necrosis factor-α in tuberculous pleurisy: A meta-analysis."
10/01/2002 - "TNF-alpha level was significantly higher in tuberculous pleurisy than in other groups. "
10/01/1996 - "[Tumor necrosis factor alpha in pleural fluid in patients with pleural tuberculosis. "
03/01/2000 - "TNF-alpha and its soluble receptors (sTNFR-I and sTNFR-II) were detected using ELISA method in the serum and pleural effusion of 25 cases of tuberculosis pleural effusion and 28 cases of malignant pleural effusion, and in the serum of 32 cases of normal control. "
|10.||Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor)IBA
01/01/2002 - "[VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) concentration in serum and pleural fluid of patients with pleural malignancy and pleural tuberculosis]."
11/01/2012 - "The levels of vascular endothelial growth factor and transforming growth factor-β(1) were increased in the blood and pleural fluid of all of the patients with pleural tuberculosis, with no differences between the two forms of tuberculosis. "
10/01/2002 - "The sensitivity and specificity of VEGF and TNF-alpha in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy (VEGF titer <2000 pg/ml and TNF-alpha titer > 55 pg/ml) was 88.9 and 77.1%, respectively. "
10/01/2002 - "In tuberculous pleurisy VEGF level showed significant positive correlations with mononuclear cell counts and all investigated cytokines. "
10/01/2002 - "We propose that measurement of VEGF together with TNF-alpha is helpful in differentiating between tuberculous pleurisy and malignant pleural effusion and that VEGF correlates with proinflammatory cytokines especially in tuberculous pleurisy. "
|1.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
05/01/1994 - "In summary, pleural nodular lesions, which occurred during chemotherapy of tuberculous pleurisy, were not rare, but the clinical course and prognosis of such lesion were favourable and improved without any additional therapy. "
03/01/2006 - "In order to identify mediators involved in immune-mediated disease regression, the pleural cytokine and histopathological profile was evaluated in tuberculous pleurisy patients with varied disease duration and clinical presentation, previous to chemotherapy. "
11/01/1999 - "Residual pleural thickening was measured and defined as a pleural thickness of >/= 10 mm found on chest radiographs at the completion of anti-TB chemotherapy in tuberculous pleurisy patients. "
05/01/1994 - "We have investigated on the clinical features of pleural nodular lesions which have appeared during chemotherapy of tuberculous pleurisy. "
02/01/1991 - "[Three cases of localized pleural tuberculosis which looked exacerbated during antituberculous chemotherapy]."
07/01/2013 - "Continuous thoracic close drainage using central venous catheter is superior to repeated thoracocentesis in the treatment of tuberculous pleurisy in children, and it holds promise for clinical application in pediatric patients."
07/01/2013 - "To study the clinical effect of continuous thoracic close drainage using central venous catheter instead of repeated thoracocentesis in the treatment of tuberculous pleurisy in children. "
07/01/2013 - "[Application of continuous thoracic close drainage using central venous catheter in the treatment of tuberculous pleurisy in children]."
07/01/2013 - "Thirty-nine children with tuberculous pleurisy, who received continuous thoracic close drainage using central venous catheter in addition to conventional antituberculous chemotherapy, were used as the observation group and 42 children with tuberculous pleurisy who underwent repeated thoracocentesis in addition to conventional antituberculous chemotherapy served as the control group. "
01/01/1996 - "The efficacy of artificial pneumothorax therapy was evaluated in subjects with tuberculous pleurisy with effusion. "
01/01/1996 - "Treating tuberculous pleurisy with effusion by artificial pneumothorax."
01/01/1996 - "Treatment of tuberculous pleurisy with effusion by artificial pneumothorax."
01/01/1957 - "Artificial pneumothorax in acute tuberculous pleurisy. "
01/01/1957 - "Artificial pneumothorax in acute tuberculous pleurisy. "
11/01/1991 - "The objective of the study was to determine if residual pleural thickening after treatment for pleural tuberculosis could be predicted from the pleural fluid findings at the time of the initial thoracentesis. "
02/01/2014 - "One lesion that occurred due to tuberculous pleurisy after treatment demonstrated high FDG uptake, similar to the other cases. "
09/01/2009 - "Sonographic septation: a predictor of sequelae of tuberculous pleurisy after treatment."
11/01/1991 - "Forty-four patients initially diagnosed as having pleural tuberculosis between January 1986 and January 1988 were separated into two groups: the 23 patients in group 1 had residual pleural disease, while the 21 patients in group 2 had no residual pleural disease after treatment for their pleural tuberculosis was completed. "
04/01/2013 - "Therefore, tuberculous pleurisy was diagnosed, and the effusion subsided after treatment with standard anti-tuberculosis chemotherapy. "