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Meningeal Tuberculosis (Tuberculous Meningitis)

A form of bacterial meningitis caused by MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS or rarely MYCOBACTERIUM BOVIS. The organism seeds the meninges and forms microtuberculomas which subsequently rupture. The clinical course tends to be subacute, with progressions occurring over a period of several days or longer. Headache and meningeal irritation may be followed by SEIZURES, cranial neuropathies, focal neurologic deficits, somnolence, and eventually COMA. The illness may occur in immunocompetent individuals or as an OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTION in the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME and other immunodeficiency syndromes. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp717-9)
Also Known As:
Tuberculous Meningitis; Tuberculosis Meningitis; Tuberculosis, Meningeal; Tubercular Meningitis; Tuberculous Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis; Hypertrophic Pachymeningitides, Tuberculous; Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis, Tuberculous; Meningeal Tuberculoses; Meningitides, Tubercular; Meningitides, Tuberculosis; Meningitides, Tuberculous; Meningitis, Tubercular; Meningitis, Tuberculosis; Pachymeningitides, Tuberculous Hypertrophic; Pachymeningitis, Tuberculous Hypertrophic; Tubercular Meningitides; Tuberculoses, Meningeal; Tuberculosis Meningitides; Tuberculous Hypertrophic Pachymeningitides; Tuberculous Meningitides; Meningitis, Tuberculous
Networked: 1675 relevant articles (51 outcomes, 109 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Miliary Tuberculosis
2. Tuberculosis (Tuberculoses)
3. Pulmonary Tuberculosis
4. Tuberculous Pericarditis
5. Anoxia (Hypoxia)

Experts

1. Thwaites, Guy E: 12 articles (01/2015 - 10/2003)
2. Farrar, Jeremy J: 9 articles (01/2015 - 10/2003)
3. Chau, Tran Thi Hong: 8 articles (01/2015 - 03/2004)
4. Hien, Tran Tinh: 6 articles (01/2015 - 03/2004)
5. Kashyap, Rajpal S: 6 articles (02/2014 - 06/2005)
6. Purohit, Hemant J: 6 articles (02/2014 - 06/2005)
7. Daginawala, Hatim F: 6 articles (02/2014 - 06/2005)
8. Taori, Girdhar M: 6 articles (02/2014 - 06/2005)
9. Kalita, J: 5 articles (12/2015 - 09/2001)
10. Wolbers, Marcel: 5 articles (01/2015 - 01/2011)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Meningeal Tuberculosis:
1. Streptomycin (Streptomycin Sulfate)FDA Link
2. BCG VaccineFDA Link
3. Isoniazid (Ftivazide)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
5. Rifampin (Rifampicin)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Dexamethasone (Maxidex)FDA LinkGeneric
7. Ofloxacin (Levofloxacin)FDA LinkGeneric
8. Indicators and Reagents (Reagents)IBA
9. Tuberculin (PPD)IBA
10. Adenosine DeaminaseIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
2. Intensive Care (Surgical Intensive Care)
3. Immunotherapy
4. Aftercare (After-Treatment)
5. Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt