|1.||Pharyngitis (Sore Throat)
|4.||Respiratory Tract Infections (Respiratory Tract Infection)
|1.||Brook, Itzhak: 11 articles (06/2013 - 01/2005)|
|2.||Yamanaka, Noboru: 6 articles (01/2011 - 06/2003)|
|3.||Aref'eva, N A: 5 articles (01/2013 - 01/2012)|
|4.||Gober, Alan E: 5 articles (05/2009 - 01/2005)|
|5.||Harabuchi, Yasuaki: 5 articles (03/2008 - 05/2002)|
|6.||Kaditis, Athanasios G: 4 articles (10/2014 - 08/2008)|
|7.||Peng, Youming: 4 articles (06/2014 - 09/2011)|
|8.||Aznabaeva, L F: 4 articles (01/2013 - 01/2012)|
|9.||Goldstein, Nira A: 4 articles (01/2008 - 07/2002)|
|10.||García Callejo, F J: 4 articles (07/2006 - 11/2000)|
|1.||Penicillin V (Phenoxymethylpenicillin)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1991 - "In conclusion, phenoxymethylpenicillin dosed 2 or 3 times daily seems to be equally effective in tonsillitis due to group A streptococci."
01/01/1991 - "In relation to compliance problems it was investigated whether phenoxymethylpenicillin dosed twice or 3 times daily was equally effective in tonsillitis due to beta-haemolytic streptococci group A. "
06/01/1995 - "In streptococcal acute tonsillitis clinical studies, with a 1.5 g dose regimen over 5 days, clinical results and bacterial eradication are identical to those obtained in the Penicillin V groups. "
01/01/1991 - "Phenoxymethylpenicillin two or three times daily for tonsillitis with beta-haemolytic streptococci group A: a blinded, randomized and controlled clinical study."
08/30/1958 - "Treatment of tonsillitis; a therapeutic trial of phenoxymethyl penicillin in a food-borne epidemic of tonsillitis."
|2.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
04/18/1994 - "The educational campaign significantly improved the prescribing of appropriate antibiotics for tonsillitis by general practitioners."
07/01/2015 - "Comment on: "Probiotics in addition to antibiotics for the treatment of acute tonsillitis: a randomized, placebo-controlled study"."
05/01/2015 - "Probiotics in addition to antibiotics for the treatment of acute tonsillitis: a randomized, placebo-controlled study."
10/01/2005 - "Multiple clinical trials demonstrate the value of administering antibiotics for recurrent tonsillitis. "
01/01/2002 - "The aim of this study was to identify the microbes from the nasopharyngeal swabs obtained from the patients with exudative tonsillitis and to assess their susceptibility to antibiotics. "
|3.||Penicillins (Penicillin)FDA Link
09/01/1984 - "These organisms were present in tonsillar cultures in higher numbers in children with acute tonsillitis who did not respond to penicillin therapy than in those who were cured. "
08/01/1994 - "The child's susceptibility to certain illnesses, eg recurrent tonsillitis, can be helped by a "whole-patient" homoeopathic remedy, although penicillin may be needed for acute attacks of tonsillitis. "
10/01/1990 - "The authors report a study designed to explore the usefulness of long-acting penicillin in the management of recurrent tonsillitis. "
02/01/1951 - "[Experimental studies on penicillin therapy of chronic tonsillitis]."
06/01/2013 - "The inadequate penetration of penicillins into the tonsillar tissues and tonsillar surface fluid and microbiologic interactions between Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) and other pharyngo-tonsillar bacterial flora can account for their failure in eradicating GABHS pharyngo-tonsillitis (PT). "
|4.||Amoxicillin (Wymox)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2015 - "Treated with amoxicillin the previous week for tonsillitis. "
01/01/2012 - "Recent history indicated streptococcal tonsillitis for which oral amoxicillin was prescribed in the preceding week. "
11/01/2011 - "[Treatment of streptococcal tonsillitis with once-a-day amoxicillin: a meta-analysis]."
02/01/2008 - "A total of 228 children with Group A streptococcal pharyngo-tonsillitis, treated with amoxicillin for 10 days, and 663 healthy children were evaluated in a single year. "
04/01/1997 - "Although amoxycillin is widely used to treat pharyngo-tonsillitis, the kinetics of tonsillar diffusion have rarely been studied. "
|5.||Erythromycin (Erycette)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1987 - "Our results suggest that twice-a-day regimen of erythromycin base is an effective and well-tolerated treatment of streptococcal tonsillitis."
01/01/1987 - "Twice-a-day regimen of erythromycin base is effective in the treatment of acute streptococcal tonsillitis."
01/01/1997 - "A prospective controlled study performed between March and May of 1996 to determine the percentage of erythromycin-resistant Group A streptococci isolated in Monza from untreated children with acute pharyngo-tonsillitis, gave further confirmation of a high rate of erythromycin resistance (47%) in this area. "
01/01/1997 - "High incidence of erythromycin-resistant Streptococcus pyogenes in Monza (North Italy) in untreated children with symptoms of acute pharyngo-tonsillitis: an epidemiological and molecular study."
04/01/2005 - "Increasing erythromycin resistance among group A streptococci causing tonsillitis in a tertiary care hospital in southern India."
|6.||Azithromycin (Zithromax)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/2003 - "In this trial long-term medication with azithromycin was not efficacious in recurrent acute tonsillitis. "
01/01/1998 - "This study was performed in order to assess whether 500mg of azithromycin given orally once per week could produce tonsil tissue concentrations above minimum inhibitory concentrations for key target pathogens in patients with recurrent tonsillitis. "
08/01/2003 - "Acute tonsillitis developed in 40% of the patients who received azithromycin and in 49% of the patients in the placebo group (P > 0.05). "
01/01/1998 - "Azithromycin Concentrations and Microbiology of Tonsils during Weekly Medication in Patients with Recurrent Tonsillitis."
08/01/2003 - "In 110 patients eligible for tonsillectomy because of recurrent acute tonsillitis, surgery was replaced by randomized medication with azithromycin 500 mg or placebo once per week for 6 months. "
|7.||Cefaclor (Ceclor)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1992 - "Two double-blind, double-dummy, randomized multicentre studies compared the safety and efficacy of 10-day regimens of cefaclor advanced formulation (cefaclor AF) (375 mg twice daily) with cefaclor (250 mg three times daily) in the treatment of proven group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis. "
01/01/1992 - "Cefaclor AF (375 mg twice daily) is as effective and safe as cefaclor capsules (250 mg three times daily) in the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis."
01/01/1992 - "Cefaclor AF in the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis."
09/01/1985 - "S 6472 was administered twice a day to 7 patients with various infections (bronchopneumonia 2 cases, acute bronchitis 1 case, purulent tonsillitis 4 cases) and clinical responses were all effective results. "
02/01/1993 - "The clinical efficacy of cefprozil is similar to that of cefaclor in patients with tonsillitis or pharyngitis but the bacteriological efficacy of cefprozil is significantly greater than that of cefaclor. "
|8.||Clarithromycin (Biaxin)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/2013 - "A total of 103 biopsy samples were obtained from patients with chronic tonsillitis and examined for the presence of clarithromycin resistant H. "
06/01/2013 - "Prevalence of clarithromycin-resistant Helicobacter pylori in patients with chronic tonsillitis by allele-specific Scorpion real-time polymerase chain reaction assay."
01/01/2003 - "Recent results indicate that clarithromycin extended-release 500 mg once daily for 5 days is also effective in the treatment of patients with streptococcal pharyngitis/tonsillitis and in the treatment of AECB. "
01/01/2005 - "The present study describes a female patient who rapidly developed a severe bullous skin disease after taking clarithromycin for tonsillitis. "
10/01/1994 - "Acute rheumatic fever despite clarithromycin treatment of beta-hemolytic streptococcal tonsillitis."
|9.||Clavulanic Acid (Potassium Clavulanate)FDA LinkGeneric
02/01/2013 - "The efficacy of 3-day treatment with a combined clavulanate/amoxicillin preparation (Clavamox combination dry syrup for pediatric cases) and 10-day treatment with amoxicillin against pediatric pharyngolaryngitis and tonsillitis caused by Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus was compared. "
02/01/2013 - "These results suggest that 3-day treatment with this clavulanate/amoxicillin preparation is expected to provide a valid means of treating pediatric pharyngolaryngitis and tonsillitis caused by Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus."
02/01/2013 - "Comparison of clinical efficacy between 3-day combined clavulanate/amoxicillin preparation treatment and 10-day amoxicillin treatment in children with pharyngolaryngitis or tonsillitis."
10/01/2014 - "The female recipient was also hospitalized because of acute tonsillitis 25 months after hand transplantation, and successfully treated with amoxicillin clavulanate. "
08/01/1989 - "This study demonstrates the efficacy of amoxycillin/clavulanate potassium in the therapy of acute episodes of recurrent tonsillitis and prevention of recurrent infection."
|10.||cefprozil (Cefzil)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/1994 - "Four multicenter randomized clinical trials were conducted to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of cefprozil administered once or twice a day for the treatment of mild to moderate GABHS tonsillitis and pharyngitis. "
05/01/1993 - "The cefprozil concentrations in either the tonsillar or the adenoidal tissue at both dose levels over 3.17 h after dosing are much higher than the MICs for common pathogens which cause pharyngitis or tonsillitis."
06/01/1992 - "Treatment of pharyngitis and tonsillitis with cefprozil: review of three multicenter trials."
12/01/1992 - "Cefprozil (CFPZ, BMY-28100) fine granules were given orally to 21 children with acute bacterial infections including 15 cases of acute tonsillitis and 3 each of acute bronchitis and urinary tract infections. "
12/01/1992 - "Cefprozil (CFPZ, BMY-28100) granules were administered to 20 children with bacterial infections: acute tonsillitis 8, acute bronchitis 10, purulent lymphadenitis 1, urinary tract infection 1. Daily doses ranged 29-50 mg/kg. The drug was given orally, 3 times a day and the durations of administration were 5 to 9 days. "
10/01/2015 - "Tonsillectomy reduced symptoms of chronic or recurrent tonsillitis in adults with remarkable effectiveness. "
12/01/2004 - "Our findings suggest that it is very difficult to predict the efficacy of tonsillectomy and steroid pulse therapy based on the gross appearance of tonsils, the tonsillar provocation test or clinical episodes of tonsillitis. "
01/01/1988 - "In general, it is thought that tonsillectomy is very effective for habitual tonsillitis, but we must be more careful in deciding such an indication."
11/01/2009 - "Furthermore, a significant reduction was seen in the number of children below the age of 5 years undergoing tonsillectomy for recurrent tonsillitis (chi(2) = 14.66; P < 0.001). "
11/01/2002 - "We conclude that tonsillectomy results in significant improvement in quality of life, decreases health-care utilization, and diminishes the economic burden of chronic tonsillitis in the adult patient population."
01/01/2005 - "A comparative analysis was made of efficacy of chronic tonsillitis (CT) treatment with high frequency ultrasound (HFU), low frequency ultrasound (LFU) and laser. "
11/01/2004 - "This study is a retrospective postal survey of 19 patients who underwent laser tonsillar ablation under local anaesthetic for recurrent chronic tonsillitis from 1997 to 2001 and was performed in liaison with the clinical audit department at Basildon Hospital. "
01/01/2003 - "[On validity of intralacunar exposure to surgical laser beam in chronic tonsillitis (experimental study)]."
01/01/2007 - "Vegetative and immune system indices, clinical symptoms of chronic tonsillitis exacerbation were compared in laser radiation of the tonsils with two methods - surface pharyngeal and endolacunar. "
01/01/2007 - "[Endolacunar laser radiation of the tonsils in conservative treatment of chronic tonsillitis]."
11/01/1985 - "AZT was administered to 4 patients with pyelonephritis and 10 patients with tonsillitis at a daily dosage of 40.4-120.9 mg/kg and to 5 patients with clinical sepsis associated with agranulocytosis caused by intensive antileukemic therapy at a daily dosage of 142.4-171.4 mg/kg, divided into 3 or 4, by intravenous injection or by 30 minutes drip infusion. "
02/01/1987 - "The MIC to 1 strain of Enterococcus faecalis was 6.25 micrograms/ml. The CZON was administered in 3 or 4 divided doses at a daily dosage ranging from 58.5 to 85.7 mg/kg by 30-minute drip infusion or intravenous injection to 22 patients (9 cases of pneumonia, 9 cases of tonsillitis, 2 cases of bronchitis, 1 case each of suppurative parotitis and acute pyelonephritis) and the following clinical results were obtained; excellent: 12 cases; good: 7 cases; fair: 3 cases. "
07/01/1985 - "coli showed higher MICs than 100 micrograms/ml. ASPC was administered in 3 or 4 divided doses at a daily dosage ranging from 21 to 98 mg/kg by 30 minutes drip infusion or intravenous injection to 29 patients (16 cases of pneumonia, 8 cases of tonsillitis, 3 cases of bronchitis, 1 case of urinary tract infection, 1 case of impetigo) and the following clinical results were obtained: excellent; 11 cases, good; 11 cases, fair; 3 cases, poor; 1 case. "
06/01/1989 - "1. CDZM was administered in 3 or 4 divided doses at daily dosages ranging from 54.5 to 84.2 mg/kg administered by 30 minutes drip infusion or intravenous injection to 20 patients (7 cases of acute tonsillitis, 6 cases of pneumonia, 2 cases each of bronchitis and suppurative cervical lymphadenitis, and 1 case each of acute pharyngitis, acute enteritis and furunculosis) and the following clinical results were obtained: excellent, 7 cases; good, 11 cases; fair, 2 cases. "
11/01/1984 - "The concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid was determined in 1 case of purulent meningitis associated with bacteremia, administered by one shot intravenous injection with 47.6 mg/kg. CTRX was also examined in its clinical and bacteriological efficacies by one shot intravenous injection for 8 days on average in a mean daily dose of 46.5 mg/kg, divided into twice a day in 31 cases, 3 times in 1 case, and 4 times changed from twice in 1 case; in a total of 33 children consisting of 3 with tonsillitis, 1 with chronic bronchitis, 20 with pneumonia, 2 with purulent meningitis associated with bacteremia, 3 with urinary tract infections, 1 with osteomyelitis associated with phlegmon, 3 with purulent lymphadenitis. "
01/01/2007 - "Efficacy of surgical treatment of patients with chronic tonsillitis using CO2 laser was evaluated by complaints, recurrence rate, local cellular immunity, clinical examination. "
01/01/2007 - "[Efficacy of CO2 laser in the treatment of patients with chronic tonsillitis]."
01/01/2007 - "Follow-up of 50 patients with chronic tonsillitis after ablation of the palatine tonsils by means of CO2 laser demonstrated that palatine tonsils ablation with CO2 laser is an effective method of chronic tonsillitis treatment as a pertistent positive effect was achieved after this operation: the absence of long-term recurrences and complaints, normalization of cytological picture."
06/01/2004 - "Histopathological evaluation in biopsies of palatine tonsils submitted to cryptolysis by coagulation with CO2 laser for treatment of chronic caseous tonsillitis."
09/01/2003 - "Carbon-dioxide laser-assisted tonsil ablation for adults with chronic tonsillitis: a 6-month follow-up study."
|5.||Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
04/01/1991 - "1. CPR was administered to 6 patients with bronchopneumonia, a patient with pneumonia, a patient with tonsillitis, 2 patients with acute pharyngitis and a patient with suppurative parotitis at daily dosage levels ranging 55.5-91.7 mg/kg, divided into 3 using intravenous bolus injection or 30 minutes drip infusion. "
02/01/1991 - "CPR was administered to 15 cases (3 tonsillitis, 3 bronchitis, 5 bronchopneumonia, 1 acute cystitis, 1 coxoiliatitis, 1 otitis media, 1 otitis externa). "
04/01/1991 - "The mean urinary excretion rate of CPR was 57.0 +/- 25.8% in the first 8 hours after the 30-minute drip infusion of 20 mg/kg. Treatment with CPR was made in 9 cases of pediatric bacterial infections; 1 case each of tonsillitis, pharyngitis, and bronchopneumonia, 4 cases of pneumonia, 2 cases of urinary tract infection. "
02/01/1991 - "CPR was clinically effective in 14/15 of patients with bacterial infections; 8/9 of pneumonia, 2/2 of bronchitis, 1/1 of pharyngitis, 1/1 of tonsillitis, 1/1 of osteomyelitis, 1/1 of urinary tract infection. "