|4.||Radiculopathy (Radiculopathy, Cervical)
|1.||Ozçakar, Levent: 5 articles (07/2010 - 04/2005)|
|2.||Freischlag, Julie A: 3 articles (05/2012 - 03/2010)|
|3.||Christo, Paul J: 3 articles (05/2012 - 03/2010)|
|4.||Sanders, Richard J: 2 articles (03/2015 - 12/2007)|
|5.||Wittenberg, Anna M: 2 articles (05/2013 - 01/2013)|
|6.||Rastogi, Rahul: 2 articles (05/2013 - 01/2013)|
|7.||Thompson, Robert W: 2 articles (05/2013 - 01/2013)|
|8.||Emery, Valerie B: 2 articles (05/2013 - 01/2013)|
|9.||Earley, Jeanne A: 2 articles (05/2013 - 01/2013)|
|10.||Caputo, Francis J: 2 articles (05/2013 - 01/2013)|
|1.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
10/01/2010 - "The purpose of this study was to describe the technique, complications, and rate of symptom relief after ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin injection in subjects with suspected neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). "
11/01/2012 - "A review of thoracic outlet syndrome and the possible role of botulinum toxin in the treatment of this syndrome."
09/01/2011 - "Botulinum toxin injection for management of thoracic outlet syndrome: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial."
10/01/2010 - "Botulinum toxin injection in neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome: results and experience using a ultrasound-guided approach."
04/01/2010 - "Single CT-guided chemodenervation of the anterior scalene muscle with botulinum toxin for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome."
|2.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
11/01/2008 - "A 28-yr-old man, diagnosed with vascular thoracic outlet syndrome, had his right anterior scalene muscle injected with botulinum toxin type A under ultrasound guidance. "
11/01/2008 - "Botulinum toxin type A improves blood flow in vascular thoracic outlet syndrome."
09/01/2011 - "We studied the effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injections to the scalene muscles on pain in subjects with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) in this double-blind, randomized, parallel group trial with follow-up at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. "
03/01/1994 - "Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) may mimic other more common causes of shoulder and arm symptoms. "
06/01/1995 - "Electrodiagnostic studies may objectively document the presence of median neuropathy within the carpal tunnel and help distinguish CTS from other disorders such as cervical radiculopathy, neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome, proximal median nerve compression syndromes, and polyneuropathy which may either mimic or occasionally coexist with CTS. "
12/01/2007 - "Observations on the use of seprafilm on the brachial plexus in 249 operations for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome."
12/01/2007 - "Seprafilm was employed in this study to see if it would reduce postoperative scarring after supraclavicular thoracic outlet decompression for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS). "
|5.||Aberrant subclavian arteryIBA
01/01/2015 - "[A case of true neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome accompanied by an aberrant right subclavian artery]."
04/01/2005 - "Cadaveric observation of an aberrant left subclavian artery: a possible cause of thoracic outlet syndrome."
07/01/2006 - "Thoracic outlet syndrome, Paget-Schroetter syndrome and aberrant subclavian artery in a young man."
11/01/1994 - "A 25-year-old woman admitted with a history consistent with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome was found to have a reduced pulse and blood pressure on the ipsilateral side caused by fibromuscular hyperplasia of an aberrant subclavian artery. "
11/01/1994 - "Fibromuscular hyperplasia in an aberrant subclavian artery and neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome: an unusual combination."
|6.||glucuronyl glucosamine glycan sulfate (Vessel)IBA
11/01/1979 - "1. In thoracic outlet-syndrome arterial lesions--such as poststenotic aneurysm with or without peripheral arterial emboli--are mostly caused by permanent compression of the vessel. "
05/01/2012 - "Indications for central venous bypass were: superior vena cava syndrome (two), vessel reconstruction due to tumor encasement (one), and central vein occlusion from thoracic outlet syndrome (one). "
08/01/2000 - "Such pathology includes digital vessel thrombosis, proximal thrombosis with distal embolization, vessel aneurysm, and vessel compression, such as in thoracic outlet syndrome and quadrilateral space syndrome. "
01/01/2010 - "Co-morbid conditions such as diabetes, poor health status, thoracic outlet syndrome, double crush, alcohol and smoking have a worse prognosis. "
01/01/1993 - "The co-operative investigation of two clinics on the basis of examination and treatment of 78 patients with the thoracic outlet syndrome for 5 years is presented. "
|8.||tranilast (N 5')IBA
|9.||Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator (Urokinase)FDA Link
04/01/1988 - "Treatment of a case of thromboembolism resulting from thoracic outlet syndrome with intra-arterial urokinase infusion."
04/01/1988 - "A 36-year-old man with thoracic outlet syndrome, admitted to the hospital with digital ischemia from subclavian artery thrombosis and distal embolization, was given intra-arterial urokinase. "
04/01/2004 - "Although 90% of patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) experience "excellent" or "good" results after thoracic outlet decompression, recurrent symptoms may develop in certain patients. "
10/01/2005 - "The purpose of this study was to assess the results of decompression of the thoracic outlet due to scalenus anticus syndrome and thus to give recommendation for a safe and effective surgical treatment. "
05/01/1999 - "The purpose of this study was to assess the symptomatic outcome of patients with thoracic outlet syndrome who underwent decompression of the thoracic outlet. "
03/01/2015 - "Technique of supraclavicular decompression for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome."
01/01/2013 - "Supraclavicular decompression for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome in adolescent and adult populations."
10/01/2012 - "We report an adolescent girl who had left-sided neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) due to impingement of the scalenus anterior muscle with bilateral changes on nerve conduction studies and responded well to surgical decompression. "
07/01/2000 - "Patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) who improve temporarily after anesthetic blockade of the anterior scalene muscles have been shown to improve after ultimate surgical decompressions at the interscalene triangle. "
01/01/2014 - "[Surgical decompression of a thoracic outlet syndrome]."
12/01/2011 - "We developed and prospectively analyzed a treatment algorithm for nTOS utilizing objective disability criteria, thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS)-specific physical therapy, radiographic evaluation of the thoracic outlet, and selective surgical decompression. "
06/01/2011 - "In the last 2 years, we have treated 12 patients with dialysis-associated venous thoracic outlet syndrome with surgical decompression of the thoracic outlet. "
01/01/2012 - "The relief from scalene muscle injections in patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome is not related to blockade of the brachial plexus."
01/01/2012 - "We reviewed the charts of 12 patients who had anterior and middle scalene muscle injections, for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome, between April 2009 and September 2010. "
01/01/2012 - "Scalene muscle injections are used to confirm the diagnosis of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome and predict the response of patients to surgery. "
01/01/2012 - "Scalene muscle injections for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome: case series."
11/01/2009 - "Twenty-six subjects with suspected neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome underwent 29 injections (three subjects received bilateral injections). "
09/01/2005 - "Immediate thrombolytic therapy followed by early surgical decompression has also been suggested previously, but has only recently been shown to be safe and efficacious, while significantly decreasing the duration of disability suffered by patients with this form of thoracic outlet syndrome. "
05/01/1993 - "In addition, Doppler sonography shows promise for monitoring thrombolytic therapy after "effort thrombosis" and detecting intermittent venous compression related to thoracic outlet syndrome."
07/01/1997 - "From March 1989 to March 1993, six athletic patients were treated in our institution by thrombolytic therapy for acute effort axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis in thoracic outlet syndrome. "
04/01/2003 - "Thrombus debulking or removal with percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy devices may reduce the amount or duration of thrombolytic therapy required, making treatment of venous thoracic outlet syndrome safer. "