|1.||Bulimia (Binge Eating)
|2.||Eating Disorders (Eating Disorder)
|3.||Weight Loss (Weight Reduction)
|1.||McCarty, Mark F: 5 articles (09/2014 - 01/2007)|
|2.||McCarty, M F: 4 articles (01/2004 - 03/2000)|
|3.||Galusca, Bogdan: 3 articles (01/2015 - 04/2007)|
|4.||Estour, Bruno: 3 articles (01/2015 - 04/2007)|
|5.||Germain, Natacha: 3 articles (01/2015 - 04/2007)|
|6.||Smith, D J: 3 articles (03/2003 - 05/2002)|
|7.||Palou, Andreu: 2 articles (03/2016 - 12/2011)|
|8.||Ren, Hongxia: 2 articles (11/2015 - 06/2012)|
|9.||Accili, Domenico: 2 articles (11/2015 - 06/2012)|
|10.||Klump, Kelly L: 2 articles (11/2015 - 04/2012)|
|1.||Insulin (Novolin)FDA Link
01/01/2013 - "We demonstrate that moderate overexpression of Atg5 in mice enhances autophagy, and that Atg5 transgenic mice showed anti-ageing phenotypes, including leanness, increased insulin sensitivity and improved motor function. "
07/01/2015 - "The large surface area, good vascularization, immense capacity for solute exchange and ultra-thinness of the alveolar epithelium facilitates systemic delivery of insulin via pulmonary administration. "
03/01/2014 - "Thus, STRA6 reduction in adipocytes in adipose-Stra6(-/-) mice fed chow resulted in leanness, which may contribute to their increased insulin sensitivity. "
06/01/2010 - "Elevated plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 in mice consuming TFA-enriched milk (P = .02) may contribute to later catch-up growth and leanness and preserved peripheral insulin sensitivity observed in these mice. "
10/01/2009 - "This protocol, combining elements of exercise training, fasting, and low-fat eating, is both sustainable and healthful, and in reasonably compliant subjects may have considerable potential for promoting and maintaining leanness and insulin sensitivity."
|2.||Glucose (Dextrose)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2013 - "In conclusion, ageing Fxr deficient mice display late onset leanness associated with elevated energy expenditure and improved glucose control but develop severe NASH-like liver pathology."
02/01/2015 - "Genetic ablation of macrohistone H2A1 leads to increased leanness, glucose tolerance and energy expenditure in mice fed a high-fat diet."
05/01/2011 - "This response may indicate a potential limiting of glucose that is available within animals selected for muscling, leanness and growth for brain function."
02/26/2004 - "There is an association between thinness in infancy and the presence of impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes in young adulthood. "
02/01/1996 - "Increases in BMI were predicted by younger age, leanness, non-diabetic glucose tolerance, smoking cessation (men) and multiparity and lower baseline income (women). "
01/01/2009 - "Patients with a high drive for thinness had lower leptin levels at a given BMI and low leptin levels were associated with sexual problems, i.e. "
05/01/2007 - "We show that, despite normal proportionate food intake, dw/dw rats develop abdominal leanness and hypoleptinemia (circulating leptin halved in dw/dw males, P < 0.05) during puberty. "
12/01/2003 - "We investigated these plasma leptin influences in sheep, a species characterized during fetal life by leanness and insensitivity of leptin to variation in maternal nutrition. "
01/01/2003 - "Differences exist between breeds of pigs in a manner consistent with breed-specific traits for growth, leanness, and quality; thus, leptin may serve as a useful marker for selection or identification of specific growth and carcass traits."
10/01/2001 - "While increased central leptin signalling reduces adiposity via a reduction in food intake, it also has remarkable metabolic effects that promote leanness, independent of food intake. "
|4.||Lysine (L-Lysine)FDA Link
02/01/1994 - "In conclusion, increased dietary lysine improved G/F and carcass leanness in gilts to a greater extent in HD than in TN environments. "
03/01/1994 - "A growth trial using 240 growing-finishing pigs (22 to 109 kg) was conducted to determine whether pigs offered a choice of low- and high-lysine sorghum-soybean meal diets can select the correct proportion of each to optimize performance and carcass leanness. "
04/01/2000 - "The results also indicate that higher dietary lysine levels may increase carcass leanness in finishing gilts, possibly due to reduced intake of NE. "
03/01/1994 - "Lysine intake of pigs on the choice treatments exceeded the amounts needed to maximize performance and carcass leanness. "
03/01/1994 - "The dietary lysine levels needed in sorghum-soybean meal diets to optimize performance and carcass leanness of barrows and gilts were .95, .80, and .70% lysine for the 22 to 52, 52 to 78, and 78 to 109 kg weight intervals, respectively. "
07/01/1992 - "Fatter men apparently did not benefit from a diet lower in cholesterol, while men who ate a diet high in cholesterol apparently did not benefit from leanness. "
02/01/1996 - "This study examined the effects of a 1% cholesterol diet (HC) vs. a no-cholesterol diet (NC) during the first 2 mo of life on pigs selectively bred for leanness or obesity. "
04/30/2005 - "Circulating cholesterol was positively correlated to the patients' drive for thinness, ineffectiveness, enteroceptive awareness and impulse regulation sub-item scores of the Eating Disorder Inventory-2. "
04/01/2001 - "After categorization of these variables, the prevalence of thinness (body mass index < 18.5; 30.0 vs 30.3%), obesity (body mass index > or = 30; 0.8 vs 1.1%), hypertension (systolic blood pressure > or = 140 and/or diastolic blood pressure > or = 90 or medication; 9.8 vs 15.6%), hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol > or = 240; 2.8 vs 3.0%) and diabetes mellitus (blood glucose > or = 126; 2.9 vs 0.7%) remained similar between the sexes. "
11/01/2006 - "One characteristic clearly associated with susceptibility to diet is leanness; many studies show that total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations respond more strongly to dietary fat and cholesterol in lean subjects than in obese subjects. "
06/01/1993 - "Increasing the dietary protein or lysine level resulted in improved rate and efficiency of gain and increased carcass leanness and lean growth rate in gilts, but the increase was less pronounced or did not occur in barrows, resulting in protein level x sex interactions. "
11/01/1990 - "Results from both trials suggest that ractopamine improves growth rate and carcass leanness at the higher dietary protein level but improves only carcass leanness at the lower protein level."
07/01/1982 - "6. A possible procedure for selecting for leanness in broiler breeding programmes on the basis of measurements of plasma VLDL plus LDL triglycerides is discussed."
01/01/2003 - "To analyse variables explaining the variation between serum triglycerides (TGs) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in a non-western population characterized by unfavourable TG and HDL-C levels despite marked leanness, low blood pressure and low fasting serum insulin. "
09/01/2005 - "Leanness is associated with favourable levels of HDL-C and triglycerides, while exercise is associated with lower levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and apo B."
01/01/2005 - "Reductions in total body and abdominal fat and increases in leanness, largely independent of weight loss, were associated with improved SBP, DBP, total cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoprotein(a), and insulin sensitivity. "
|8.||Vitamin DFDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2013 - "In conclusion, ZH improved carcass leanness and decreased tenderness, and vitamin D feeding increased vitamin D3 metabolites in LM, but did not improve tenderness in steers fed ZH. "
01/01/2010 - "Major risk factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis (as defined by bone mineral density) include advanced age, genetics, lifestyle factors (such as low calcium and vitamin D intake, smoking), thinness, and menopause status. "
05/01/2006 - "Major risk factors for postmenopausal osteoporosis (as defined by bone mineral density) include advanced age, genetics, lifestyle factors (such as low calcium and vitamin D intake, smoking), thinness, and menopause status. "
04/01/2014 - "Protein needs for energy-restricted resistance-trained athletes are likely 2.3-3.1g/kg of FFM scaled upwards with severity of caloric restriction and leanness."
01/01/2008 - "Leanness and caloric restriction have been shown to increase longevity in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. "
02/01/2006 - "Because the MCH(-/-) model represents leanness secondary to increased energy expenditure rather than caloric restriction, we were interested in determining whether this model of leanness would be associated with beneficial metabolic effects at older ages. "
11/01/2005 - "Caloric restriction and leanness have been shown to increase longevity in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. "
09/01/2006 - "Obesity is typically associated with increased tumor susceptibility, whereas caloric restriction, a regimen resulting in leanness, inhibits carcinogenesis. "
06/01/2015 - "However, the association between history of self-harm and reduction in body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness after treatment became non-significant when controlling for change in negative affect. "
02/01/2004 - "In paired t-test analysis, frequency of binging and purging, self-esteem, depression, and 11 sub-scales of EDI-2(drive for thinness, bulimia, body dissatisfaction, ineffectiveness, interoceptive awareness, perfectionism, interpersonal distrust, maturity fear, asceticism, impulse regulation, social insecurity) were significantly improved after treatment. "
|4.||Left Heart Bypass
10/01/2003 - "The goal of this study was to determine the roles of smooth muscle cells in the vascular remodeling process in cases demonstrating aortic wall thinness under prolonged continuous flow left heart bypass. "
10/01/2003 - "In conclusion, aortic wall thinness under prolonged continuous flow left heart bypass is caused by over-synthesis of matrix metalloproteinase in smooth muscle cells, and this refers the vascular remodeling process of the extracellular matrix."
10/01/2003 - "Aortic wall thinness was one of the most characteristic changes observed in experimental animals under prolonged continuous flow left heart bypass. "
10/01/2003 - "The roles of vascular smooth muscle cells in the aortic wall thinness under prolonged continuous flow left heart bypass."
11/01/2007 - "For segmental urethral reconstruction, fascial graft is a good urethral substitute because of its rapid epithelization capacity, low contraction degree and thinness. "
12/01/2004 - "Because of the thinness of split-thickness skin grafts, damage to the graft and curling are common with standard harvesting techniques. "
01/01/1994 - "Comparative tests were made considering the sex and the age of the patient, the thinness of the graft, and surgical revisions. "
09/01/2012 - "Adolescent (11-18 years old) heart and lung transplant recipients a minimum of 3 months after transplant provided informed written consent and completed a standardized questionnaire package about eating attitudes and behaviors; body image and drive for thinness; actual, perceived, and desired weight; and medical and anthropometric information (eg, body mass index) during regular transplant clinics. "
07/01/2005 - "These factors include (1) diaphragm thinness related to low weight and malnutrition, (2) direct trauma at operation (dissection and diathermy), (3) increased abdominal pressure after transplantation caused by the use of a slightly oversized liver graft, and (4) the medial positioning of the partial liver graft in the abdomen."