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Thiamine Deficiency

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of THIAMINE in the diet, characterized by anorexia, irritability, and weight loss. Later, patients experience weakness, peripheral neuropathy, headache, and tachycardia. In addition to being caused by a poor diet, thiamine deficiency in the United States most commonly occurs as a result of alcoholism, since ethanol interferes with thiamine absorption. In countries relying on polished rice as a dietary staple, BERIBERI prevalence is very high. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1171)
Also Known As:
Deficiency, Thiamine; Deficiencies, Thiamine; Thiamine Deficiencies
Networked: 754 relevant articles (21 outcomes, 62 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Heart Failure
2. Acidosis
3. Ataxia (Dyssynergia)
4. Neurologic Manifestations (Neurological Manifestations)
5. Memory Disorders (Memory Loss)

Experts

1. Savage, Lisa M: 16 articles (11/2015 - 07/2003)
2. Butterworth, Roger F: 9 articles (12/2010 - 07/2004)
3. Bâ, Abdoulaye: 7 articles (03/2013 - 01/2005)
4. Koike, Haruki: 6 articles (03/2015 - 07/2003)
5. Sobue, Gen: 6 articles (03/2015 - 07/2003)
6. Pala, Maria Immacolata: 6 articles (09/2014 - 01/2013)
7. Costantini, Antonio: 6 articles (09/2014 - 01/2013)
8. Hazell, Alan S: 6 articles (06/2014 - 08/2003)
9. Vetreno, Ryan P: 6 articles (11/2011 - 07/2008)
10. Iijima, Masahiro: 5 articles (03/2015 - 07/2003)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Thiamine Deficiency:
1. Thiamine (Aneurin)FDA Link
2. TransketolaseIBA
3. Ethanol (Ethyl Alcohol)IBA
4. Pyruvic Acid (Pyruvate)IBA
5. Histamine (Histamine Dihydrochloride)FDA Link
6. CarbohydratesIBA
7. Adenosine Triphosphatases (ATPase)IBA
8. Phenytoin (Dilantin)FDA LinkGeneric
9. SpermineIBA
10. SpermidineIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Total Parenteral Nutrition
2. Subcutaneous Injections
3. Gastrectomy
4. Bariatric Surgery
5. Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass)