|1.||Mirkes, Philip E: 4 articles (08/2009 - 05/2002)|
|2.||Czeizel, Andrew E: 3 articles (02/2015 - 01/2005)|
|3.||Clementi, Maurizio: 3 articles (09/2012 - 06/2006)|
|4.||Koren, Gideon: 3 articles (01/2012 - 09/2004)|
|5.||De Santis, Marco: 3 articles (12/2009 - 06/2006)|
|6.||Lee, Stephen T: 2 articles (12/2013 - 01/2003)|
|7.||Panter, Kip E: 2 articles (12/2013 - 01/2003)|
|8.||Moretti, Myla E: 2 articles (01/2012 - 09/2004)|
|9.||Ornoy, Asher: 2 articles (06/2011 - 04/2010)|
|10.||Klein, Michael D: 2 articles (12/2010 - 02/2010)|
|1.||Genetic Predisposition to Disease (Genetic Predisposition)
02/01/1990 - "It seems likely that less than effective doses of teratogens for animals without genetic predispositions are still effective in inducing malformations in animals with a genetic predisposition for malformations. "
12/01/2012 - "Although there is a tendency in investigations of developmental teratogens to attribute specific causes to adverse fetal outcomes, it is important we recognize that for most developmental dysfunctions it is unlikely a single cause, but yet a series of environmental insults combined with genetic predisposition that ultimately leads to a disease state. "
09/01/2012 - "Genetic susceptibility to teratogens: state of the art."
07/01/1984 - "The manipulation of environmental factors and effects of teratogens are related to genetic susceptibility of animal models, and extrapolated to craniofacial malformations in man."
|2.||Congenital Abnormalities (Deformity)
05/01/1989 - "Nevertheless, an awareness of the principles of teratogenesis, an appreciation for the role--though imprecise--of placental transfer and fetal drug disposition, and avoidance of known teratogens currently offers our best hope for the study and prevention of birth defects."
01/01/1988 - "Although most teratogens are suspected to act early in the first trimester of pregnancy, birth defects monitoring programs and etiologic studies usually use residence at birth as a proxy measure for residence in the first trimester in searching for environmental teratogens. "
08/01/2015 - "We performed a comprehensive search of PubMed for papers in English and in humans only, 2010 to 2014, that included birth defects, risk factors, and teratogens as key terms. "
08/01/2015 - "Reflections on the etiology of structural birth defects: Established teratogens and risk factors."
01/01/2015 - "It is important for medical practitioners to offer counselling around pregnancy planning and the risk of birth defects when prescribing moderate or high risk teratogens to women in child-bearing age. "
08/01/2012 - "Cancer chemotherapeutic agents as human teratogens."
05/01/2009 - "Phthalates are suspected cancer-causing agents and possible teratogens; they have been linked to liver and kidney damage, as well as the underdevelopment of reproductive organs in humans and animals. "
11/01/2005 - "In theory, selective teratogens may suppress cancer cells that reactivate embryonic pathways, while sparing most normal cells. "
11/01/2005 - "Teratogens as anti-cancer drugs."
07/01/1993 - "RA, and its analogues, determine embryonic pattern formation and inhibit tumor growth; however, they are also teratogens. "
|4.||Cleft Palate (Palate, Cleft)
01/01/2015 - "Data show that the window of sensitivity to environmental teratogens in the development of cleft palates is quite narrow and follows closely the window of palatogenesis in the fetus of any given species. "
01/01/1984 - "Questions dealing with biochemical mechanisms of action of potential cleft palate teratogens, or with genetically based orofacial malformations, must be grounded on a thorough understanding of biochemical events and regulation of these events during normal craniofacial development. "
10/01/1980 - "During this period induction of cleft palate with some teratogens has been shown to severely retard growth of Meckel's cartilage and produce mandibular retrognathia that contributes to delayed elevation of the palatal shelves. "
10/01/1978 - "Use of dose-response relationships to discriminate between the mechanisms of cleft-palate induction by different teratogens: an argument for discussion."
03/30/1978 - "Human foetal palatal corticoid receptors and teratogens for cleft palate."
01/01/2015 - "Although primary infections with Toxoplasma gondii or herpes viruses during pregnancy are established teratogens, chronic maternal infections with these pathogens are considered far less serious. "
06/01/2014 - "Secondary (disruptive) conditions include prenatal infections (e.g., cytomegalovirus), exposure to teratogens, and extreme prematurity. "
01/01/2014 - "The aetiology of SOD is uncertain but viral infections, environmental teratogens and vascular or degenerative damage have been postulated to account for its sporadic occurrence. "
02/01/2009 - "These include genetic disturbances, teratogens, in utero infections, and urinary outflow tract obstruction. "
01/01/2006 - "Pre-natal maternal stress, including infections, psychological stress and other teratogens, can influence a disregulation of maternal immune, endocrine and nervous systems, during pregnancy. "
|3.||DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
|4.||Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins (Growth Factors)
|5.||Serotonin (5 Hydroxytryptamine)
|7.||RNA (Ribonucleic Acid)
|1.||Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)