|4.||Athletic Injuries (Sports Injuries)
|5.||Low Back Pain (Lumbago)
|1.||Hay, Elaine M: 6 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
|2.||Mallen, Christian D: 4 articles (01/2015 - 01/2009)|
|3.||van der Windt, Daniëlle A: 4 articles (01/2015 - 01/2009)|
|4.||Sim, Julius: 4 articles (01/2015 - 01/2009)|
|5.||Chesterton, Linda S: 4 articles (01/2015 - 01/2009)|
|6.||Smidt, N: 4 articles (01/2002 - 01/2001)|
|7.||Buchbinder, R: 4 articles (01/2002 - 01/2001)|
|8.||Lewis, Martyn: 3 articles (01/2015 - 07/2005)|
|9.||Mason, Elizabeth E: 3 articles (10/2014 - 01/2009)|
|10.||Zeisig, Eva: 3 articles (12/2012 - 07/2006)|
|1.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
02/01/2007 - "We concluded that local injection of botulinum toxin A is a beneficial treatment for radial epicondylitis (tennis elbow). "
01/01/2011 - "Re: Lim et al. injection of botulinum toxin to the extensor carpi radialis brevis for tennis elbow."
08/01/2010 - "Comparison between botulinum toxin and corticosteroid injection in the treatment of acute and subacute tennis elbow: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, active drug-controlled pilot study."
06/01/2010 - "Injection of botulinum toxin to the extensor carpi radialis brevis for tennis elbow."
12/06/2005 - "Botulinum toxin as a treatment for tennis elbow."
|2.||Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents (NSAIDs)IBA
04/01/2012 - "In patients with tennis elbow, the use of local steroid injection in combination with topical and oral NSAIDs is superior to the use of combination of topical and oral NSAIDs. "
01/01/2002 - "Randomised and pseudo randomised trials in all languages of NSAIDs (oral or topical) compared to placebo or another intervention, or comparing two NSAIDs (oral or topical) to each other, in adults with lateral elbow pain (tennis elbow). "
01/01/1986 - "Two NSAIDs, diflunisal and naproxen, were evaluated in 38 patients with mild-to-moderate pain associated with tennis elbow. "
|3.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
08/01/2010 - "To compare botulinum toxin type A injection with corticosteroid injection in the treatment of tennis elbow. "
03/01/2005 - "A recent report has suggested that local injection of botulinum toxin type A is an effective method of treatment for chronic tennis elbow. "
08/01/2010 - "Corticosteroid is superior to botulinum toxin type A in relieving pain in tennis elbow at 4 wks after injection. "
03/01/2005 - "To test this theory, we performed a double-blind, randomized, controlled, pilot trial comparing injections of botulinum toxin type A with those of a placebo (normal saline solution) in the treatment of chronic tennis elbow. "
|4.||Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins (Growth Factors)IBA
07/01/2014 - "The objective of this prospective study was assessment of efficacy of bone marrow aspirate (BMA) (containing plasma rich in growth factors and mesenchymal stem cells) injection in treatment of tennis elbow. "
07/01/2014 - "In future, such growth factors and/or stem cells based injection therapy can be developed as an alternative conservative treatment for patients of tennis elbow, especially who have failed non-operative treatment before surgical intervention is taken."
01/01/2013 - "It has been recently reported that local injection of autologous blood in tennis elbow offers a significant benefit by virtue of various growth factors contained therein. "
06/01/2012 - "Administration of autologous blood platelets concentrate containing growth factors, used in treatment of tennis elbow, is performed under ultrasound image control conditions. "
|5.||polidocanol (Laureth)FDA Link
11/01/2006 - "Sclerosing polidocanol injections in chronic painful tennis elbow-promising results in a pilot study."
11/01/2006 - "Our findings indicate that one treatment with sclerosing polidocanol injections, targeting the area with vascularity in the extensor origin, has a potential to reduce the tendon pain and increase grip strength, in patients with chronic painful tennis elbow."
04/01/2008 - "To evaluate and compare effects of US and CD guided intratendinous injections with sclerosing polidocanol and a local anaesthetic (lidocaine + epinephrine), in patients with tennis elbow. "
|7.||Glucose (Dextrose)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2013 - "At 16 wks, compared with baseline, the PrT with dextrose and PrT with dextrose-morrhuate groups reported improved composite Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation scores by a mean (SE) of 18.7 (9.6; 41.1%) and 17.5 (11.6; 53.5%) points, respectively. "
07/01/2013 - "The participants receiving PrT with dextrose and PrT with dextrose-morrhuate reported improved Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation composite and subscale scores at 4, 8, and/or 16 wks compared with those in the wait-and-see group (P < 0.05). "
07/01/2013 - "Hypertonic dextrose and morrhuate sodium injections (prolotherapy) for lateral epicondylosis (tennis elbow): results of a single-blind, pilot-level, randomized controlled trial."
|8.||Naproxen (Naprosyn)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2005 - "To compare the early effects of local corticosteroid injection, naproxen, and placebo as treatments for tennis elbow in primary care. "
01/01/2009 - "While earlier trials have either compared corticosteroid injections to physical therapy or to naproxen orally, we will compare the clinical effect of physiotherapy alone or physiotherapy combined with corticosteroid injection in the initial treatment of acute tennis elbow. "
07/01/2005 - "A total of 164 patients aged 18 to 70 years presenting with a new episode of tennis elbow were recruited and invited to keep a daily record of their pain intensity and medication use over the first 5 days of randomized treatment using a "diary." On day 1, pain scores were higher in the injection group compared with the naproxen group and placebo group, and the injection group was also taking more painkillers. "
02/01/1986 - "A randomized pilot study, comparing oral naproxen and a single betamethasone injection, was carried out in 21 patients suffering from lateral epicondylitis of the humerus ("tennis elbow"). "
01/01/1986 - "Comparison of diflunisal and naproxen in the treatment of tennis elbow."
|9.||Sodium Chloride (Saline Solution)FDA LinkGeneric
|10.||Nitric Oxide (Nitrogen Monoxide)FDA Link
01/01/2002 - "For patients with tennis elbow, physiotherapy is superior to corticosteroid injections in the long term."
11/01/2015 - "131 respondents (48%) use corticosteroid injections as their first-line treatment for tennis elbow. "
11/04/2006 - "To investigate the efficacy of physiotherapy compared with a wait and see approach or corticosteroid injections over 52 weeks in tennis elbow. "
01/01/2012 - "This study presents the long-term results of percutaneous tennis elbow release in patients when conservative measures including local steroid injections have failed to relieve the symptoms. "
06/01/2010 - "To use US and CD to study structure and blood flow in the extensor origin in patients with tennis elbow treated with intratendinous injections. "
|2.||Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
09/01/2012 - "Monophasic MCT of peak current intensity 50 μA applied for tens of hours may be effective in reducing symptoms and promoting tendon normalization in chronic tennis elbow. "
10/01/2014 - "Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation as adjunct to primary care management for tennis elbow: pragmatic randomised controlled trial (TATE trial)."
01/01/2013 - "This trial does not provide evidence for additional benefit of TENS as an adjunct to primary care management of tennis elbow. "
01/01/2013 - "Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation as adjunct to primary care management for tennis elbow: pragmatic randomised controlled trial (TATE trial)."
01/01/2009 - "Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for the management of tennis elbow: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial: the TATE trial (ISRCTN 87141084)."
09/01/2009 - "Initial reports have shown percutaneous sonographically guided needle tenotomy without corticosteroid injection to be effective for the treatment of tennis elbow. "
05/01/2013 - "The purpose of this study was to compare the outcome of arthroscopic and open tendon release in tennis elbow (TE). "
08/01/2012 - "The purpose of this study was to define in volunteers and cadavers the positions of structures at risk and the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) origin limits for sonographically guided percutaneous tendon release in tennis elbow. "
08/01/2012 - "Selective 360° percutaneous extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon release for tennis elbow: an experimental study."
07/01/2004 - "We conducted a prospective, randomised, controlled trial of 45 patients (47 elbows), with tennis elbow, who underwent either a formal open release or a percutaneous tenotomy. "
01/01/1989 - "The confounding factor of PIN decompression being effective in cases of tennis elbow of other origins is discussed."
06/01/2001 - "We compared decompression of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) and lengthening of the distal tendon of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB) for treatment of tennis elbow in a randomised trial of 28 patients. "
01/01/1989 - "Decompression of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) was performed in 111 cases of tennis elbow. "
01/01/1989 - "Decompression of the posterior interosseous nerve for tennis elbow."
02/01/1984 - "Fifty cases of resistant tennis elbow were studied, thirty seven of these had been treated by lengthening the tendon of extensor carpi radialis brevis, and thirteen by decompression of the radial tunnel. "
|5.||Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT)
01/01/2008 - "The aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and to compare these with the effects of brace or ultrasound (US) treatment in tennis elbow. "
01/01/2008 - "A systematic review with procedural assessments and meta-analysis of low level laser therapy in lateral elbow tendinopathy (tennis elbow)."
01/01/2013 - "LLLT is an effective treatment for sports injuries, particularly jumper's knee, tennis elbow and Achilles tendinitis."