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Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia (AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia)

Abnormally rapid heartbeats caused by reentry of atrial impulse into the dual (fast and slow) pathways of ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. The common type involves a blocked atrial impulse in the slow pathway which reenters the fast pathway in a retrograde direction and simultaneously conducts to the atria and the ventricles leading to rapid HEART RATE of 150-250 beats per minute.
Also Known As:
AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia; Tachycardia, AV Nodal Reentrant; Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry; Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia
Networked: 237 relevant articles (27 outcomes, 27 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Supraventricular Tachycardia
2. Tachycardia (Tachyarrhythmias)
3. Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (Wolf-Parkinson-White Syndrome)
4. Reciprocating Tachycardia
5. Ectopic Atrial Tachycardia

Experts

1. Collins, Kathryn K: 7 articles (11/2012 - 05/2006)
2. Van Hare, George F: 5 articles (06/2010 - 05/2006)
3. Dubin, Anne M: 5 articles (06/2010 - 05/2006)
4. Chiesa, Nancy A: 5 articles (06/2010 - 05/2006)
5. Tonet, Joelci: 4 articles (10/2012 - 07/2010)
6. Tuzcu, Volkan: 3 articles (06/2014 - 01/2013)
7. Akdeniz, Celal: 3 articles (06/2014 - 01/2013)
8. Drago, Fabrizio: 3 articles (04/2014 - 02/2008)
9. De Sisti, Antonio: 3 articles (10/2012 - 07/2010)
10. Avasarala, Kishor: 3 articles (06/2010 - 05/2006)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia:
1. Propafenone (Rythmol)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Amiodarone (Amiodarona)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/1983 - "This may also apply to atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, in which amiodarone is also extremely effective in preventing relapses. "
03/01/1996 - "Electrophysiologic effects and the efficacy of single-dose intravenous (i.v.) amiodarone were compared with those of long-term oral therapy in 9 patients of AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) utilising slow pathway (SP) for anterograde and fast pathway (FP) for retrograde conduction. "
03/01/1996 - "Comparison of electrophysiologic effects and efficacy of single-dose intravenous and long-term oral amiodarone therapy in patients with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia."
01/01/1985 - "It is concluded that sustained sinus node reentrant tachycardia, seen in 16.9% of the study patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, is not as benign as previously believed; it is frequently associated with organic heart disease; it demonstrates wide variations in cycle length, unlike other forms of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia; it can masquerade as AV nodal reentrant tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial tachycardia with AV block on the surface electrocardiogram in 36% of patients; and it is responsive to intravenous administration of ouabain, verapamil or amiodarone."
03/01/2013 - "Diagnosis on electrocardiogram (ECG) was atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVRT) in 5, atrial ectopic tachycardia (AET) in 2, a combination of AVRT and atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) in 1. All patients had failed trial of antiarrhythmic drugs prior to presentation: digoxin and propranolol in 7, amiodarone in 3, cardioversion in 1. Flecainide (80-130 mg/m(2) orally) resulted in termination of the tachycardia in all 8 patients. "
3. AdenosineFDA LinkGeneric
4. Anti-Arrhythmia AgentsIBA
10/01/1989 - "We performed transcatheter AV junction ablation with high frequency energy in four patients with AV nodal reentrant tachycardia where extensive trials of several antiarrhythmic drugs failed to prevent further recurrences of tachycardia. "
02/16/1989 - "We applied a new technique of catheter ablation to treat atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and preserve anterograde conduction, performing this procedure in 21 patients with repetitive episodes of tachycardia refractory to antiarrhythmic drugs. "
11/01/1989 - "Serial electrophysiological testing of multiple antiarrhythmic drugs was performed in 98 patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (WPW syndrome 32, concealed WPW syndrome 46, atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia 20). "
03/01/2000 - "But, it is very useful to analysis tachyarrhythmias and indicate antiarrhythmic drugs or catheter ablation for patients with Wolf-Parkinson-White(WPW) syndrome, AV nodal reentrant tachycardia, atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, or ventricular tachycardia to cure the tachyarrhythmias."
03/01/2013 - "Diagnosis on electrocardiogram (ECG) was atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVRT) in 5, atrial ectopic tachycardia (AET) in 2, a combination of AVRT and atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) in 1. All patients had failed trial of antiarrhythmic drugs prior to presentation: digoxin and propranolol in 7, amiodarone in 3, cardioversion in 1. Flecainide (80-130 mg/m(2) orally) resulted in termination of the tachycardia in all 8 patients. "
5. EncainideIBA
6. Verapamil (Calan)FDA LinkGeneric
7. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)IBA
8. Moricizine (Moracizine)FDA Link
9. almokalantIBA
10. Nadolol (Corgard)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Catheters
2. Cryosurgery
3. Ablation Techniques
4. Lasers (Laser)
5. Heart Transplantation (Grafting, Heart)