|1.||Watanabe, S: 3 articles (04/2010 - 09/2007)|
|2.||Kobara, K: 3 articles (04/2010 - 09/2007)|
|3.||Eguchi, A: 3 articles (04/2010 - 09/2007)|
|4.||Ishida, H: 3 articles (04/2010 - 09/2007)|
|5.||Lam, T P: 2 articles (01/2010 - 08/2006)|
|6.||Wong, M S: 2 articles (01/2010 - 08/2006)|
|7.||Coillard, Christine: 2 articles (05/2008 - 04/2003)|
|8.||Hawes, Martha C: 2 articles (01/2008 - 01/2006)|
|9.||Tomita, K: 2 articles (02/2001 - 01/2001)|
|10.||Kawahara, N: 2 articles (02/2001 - 01/2001)|
|2.||Levodopa (L Dopa)FDA LinkGeneric
|3.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
01/01/2014 - "The purpose of this study was to compare the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the trunk muscles and the muscle thickness of the transverse abdominis (TrA) during slumped sitting with the same parameters during co-contraction and investigate how co-contraction influences spinal curvature. "
04/01/2010 - "The purpose of this study was to compare EMG (electromyographic) activity of the trunk muscles while slump cross-legged sitting with that during co-contraction of the trunk muscles and to investigate how this co-contraction influences spinal curvature. "
11/01/2008 - "The purpose of this study was to compare the EMG (electromyographic) activity of the trunk muscles during slump sitting with that during co-contraction and to investigate how this cocontraction influences spinal curvature. "
09/01/2007 - "The purpose of this study was to compare EMG (electromyographic) activity of the trunk muscles during slump sitting with that during co-contraction of the trunk muscles and to investigate how this co-contraction influences spinal curvature. "
01/01/2014 - "Influence of trunk muscle co-contraction on spinal curvature during sitting."
01/01/2006 - "Experience with a system based on Raster photography has shown that adequate correlation with the Cobb angle is achieved, but that the relationship between spinal curvature and cosmetic effect is not simple. "
02/01/2008 - "Records from a school screening programme showed that, while slight degrees of spinal curvature were widely prevalent in the community, these were of no clinical significance and major cosmetic deformity was rare: only 8 in 10,000 adolescent girls had Cobb angles of 40 degrees or more and only half of these underwent surgical correction. "
|1.||Orthotic Devices (Orthosis)
01/01/2010 - "According to these findings, ultrasound can be further developed as a non-invasive real-time assessment tool for spinal curvature especially in fitting stage to improve the treatment effect of the spinal orthosis."
05/01/2008 - "The orthosis was able to partially correct the spinal curvature and pelvic obliquity, provide stable sitting position, balance the trunk, facilitate breathing, discharge the abdomen, unload soft tissues of the buttocks. "
07/01/1992 - "Collapsing neuromuscular spinal curvature is extremely difficult to manage with standard rigid orthoses owing to skin breakdown and patient intolerance. "
08/01/2006 - "In this pilot cross-sectional study, the effectiveness of rigid spinal orthoses in the correction of spinal curvature of 14 patients with moderate adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) at different recumbent positions (supine, prone, right and left decubitus) was investigated. "
07/01/1977 - "Four basic types of orthoses are now being used at the Twin Cities Scoliosis Center for the treatment of spinal curvatures. "
|2.||Spinal Fusion (Spondylosyndesis)
01/01/2008 - "For most patients, a reduced magnitude of spinal curvature can be achieved through one or more spinal fusion surgeries. "
10/01/1979 - "The physiological benefit of spinal fusion was therefore much less prominent than the anatomical improvement of the spinal curvature."
03/01/2004 - "Progression of scoliosis proceeded, as did development of spinal curvature at the junction of the spondylodesis. "
03/01/2004 - "We studied the effects of spondylodesis on spinal curvature, functional outcome, level of ambulation and perceived competence in 11 children with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). "
10/01/1994 - "In respect of the first phase, the variation in production of the radiographs was calculated on Cobb angle measurements made by one investigator on serial radiographs of patients who underwent spinal fusion for scoliosis and therefore had a fixed spinal curvature. "
04/01/1999 - "At follow-up examination, each patient completed an SF36 questionnaire, underwent a physical examination, underwent plain radiography showing the spinal curvature with plate and screw position, and underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the cervical spine, which evaluated dural sac decompression and spinal cord abnormalities. "
02/01/2014 - "Clinical outcomes, including operative time, blood loss, perioperative complications, post-operative time of hospitalization, neurological status improvement, extent of decompression, back pain, local spinal curvature and fusion, were investigated. "
09/01/2004 - "Surgical treatment of traumatic spinal injury should include fast and complete decompression of spinal cord and radices wits reduction of broken vertebral body, restoration of physiological spinal curvatures and spondylodesis of injured segments. "
04/01/2003 - "This initial cohort of patients demonstrated a general trend of initial decrease in spinal curvature in brace, followed by a correction and/or stabilisation at the end of treatment, which was maintained through 1, and 2 years' follow-up."
04/01/2003 - "For the 29 patients who had a minimum follow-up of 2 years (initial Cobb angle: 30 degrees +/-9 degrees ), the trend during treatment was a decrease in spinal curvature at 3 months, with a mean difference of 10 degrees (SD 5 degrees ); at termination of treatment a mean difference of 7 degrees (SD 7 degrees ); and at the time of the 1- and 2-year follow-ups there was a difference of 4 degrees (SD 7 degrees ) and 5 degrees (SD 7 degrees ) respectively, with reference to the initial out of brace condition. "
10/01/2001 - "Brace treatment was prescribed for 30 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis for the management of 50 spinal curvatures averaging 28.5 degrees (range: 13 degrees-40 degrees). "
03/01/1995 - "Eighty-five patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis treated with Milwaukee or thoracolumbosacral orthoses at The Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital were studied longitudinally at 4-6-month intervals until maturity for spinal curvature and vertebral rotation, or until termination of brace treatment for persons who experienced brace failure who went on to have surgery. "