|1.||Wegener Granulomatosis (Wegener's Granulomatosis)
|2.||Sarcoidosis (Schaumann Disease)
|3.||Paracoccidioidomycosis (South American Blastomycosis)
|4.||Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)
|1.||Hammad, Mostafa Sayed: 1 article (07/2015)|
|2.||Awad, Osama G Abdel-Naby: 1 article (07/2015)|
|3.||Liu, Hong-gang: 1 article (06/2013)|
|4.||Lü, Jing: 1 article (06/2013)|
|5.||Almeida, Ana S: 1 article (04/2013)|
|6.||Cumano, Ana: 1 article (04/2013)|
|7.||Taront, Solenne: 1 article (04/2013)|
|8.||Kieusseian, Aurélie: 1 article (04/2013)|
|9.||Huerre, Michel: 1 article (04/2013)|
|10.||Prevost, Marie-Christine: 1 article (04/2013)|
|1.||Streptomycin (Streptomycin Sulfate)FDA Link
01/01/1949 - "Rhinoscleroma apparently cured with streptomycin."
06/01/1948 - "Rhinoscleroma apparently cured with streptomycin."
12/01/1947 - "Rhinoscleroma apparently cured with streptomycin."
07/01/1986 - "The effect of streptomycin and irradiation on rhinoscleroma (electron microscopic study)."
01/01/1970 - "[Late results of serological studies of patients treated with streptomycin for rhinoscleroma in the years 1956-1965]."
04/01/1988 - "Shaer et al. (1981) reported that local application of 2 per cent acriflavine solution over an eight-week period was an effective and safe remedy for rhinoscleroma. "
07/01/1981 - "Local acriflavine solution, in a concentration of 2 per cent, has been shown to be an effective and safe remedy for rhinoscleroma."
07/01/1981 - "Local acriflavine: a new therapy for rhinoscleroma."
|3.||Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)FDA LinkGeneric
11/01/1993 - "A case of rhinoscleroma cured with ciprofloxacin."
03/01/2001 - "A case of rhinoscleroma treated with ciprofloxacin."
08/01/1995 - "Rhinoscleroma treated with ciprofloxacin: a case report."
03/01/2001 - "We report on a young patient with nasal rhinoscleroma who achieved resolution after treatment with oral ciprofloxacin. "
08/01/1995 - "Ciprofloxacin may prove to be useful in the therapy of rhinoscleroma because it is convenient for oral administration, achieves good tissue levels, is concentrated in macrophages, and is generally well tolerated as long-term therapy. "
|4.||Rifampin (Rifampicin)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/1990 - "Electron microscopic study of the pathological changes in the lesions showed that rifampicin is highly effective both systemically and locally in the treatment of rhinoscleroma."
10/01/1990 - "The effect of rifampicin on rhinoscleroma: an electron microscopic study."
04/01/1988 - "The aim of the present study was to evaluate the response of rhinoscleroma to local medication with rifampicin."
03/01/2002 - "The current report is the second published case of rhinoscleroma in an elderly person and the first report on its cure by local treatment with a 3% rifampin ointment. "
04/01/1988 - "Local rifampicin in treatment of rhinoscleroma."
03/01/2001 - "As mentioned in a review of patients with rhinoscleroma at the Mayo clinic in 1993, the fluoroquinolones deserve further study as potentially highly effective agents for this condition. "
08/01/1995 - "As mentioned in a recent review of patients with rhinoscleroma at the Mayo Clinic, the fluoroquinolones deserve further study as potentially highly effective agents for this uncommon but significant infectious condition."
|6.||Complement System Proteins (Complement)IBA
|7.||Mitomycin (Mitomycin-C)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2015 - "This study assessed the effect of topical mitomycin C (MMC) on reducing the recurrence of granulation tissue and intranasal adhesions after endoscopic debulking and continuous medical treatment of nasal rhinoscleroma. "
07/01/2015 - "Topical mitomycin C as an adjunct to surgical debulking and medical treatment in rhinoscleroma."
|8.||Tetracycline (Achromycin)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/1996 - "Early rhinoscleroma is usually successfully treated with oral tetracycline, yet laryngotracheal disease may require operative intervention. "
08/01/1995 - "We report on a patient with extensive nasal rhinoscleroma who achieved pathologic and bacteriologic resolution during treatment with oral ciprofloxacin after previous courses of tetracycline and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. "
08/01/1992 - "We tested in vitro the activities of streptomycin and tetracycline--antibiotics that have long been used to treat rhinoscleroma--as well as several newer oral agents by using 23 isolates of the causative organism Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. "
|9.||Oxytetracycline (Terramycin)FDA Link
|10.||Immunoglobulin G (IgG)IBA
06/01/2013 - "Twenty-two cases studied fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of IgG4-SD (>50 IgG4-positive plasma cells per high-power field and IgG4-to-IgG ratio > 40%), including 3 cases of chronic sinusitis (3/20), 3 cases of nasal polyps (3/18), 3 cases of inflammatory pseudotumor (3/17), 4 cases of fungal sinusitis (4/20), 1 case of rhinoscleroma (1/12), 7 cases of Wegener's granulomatosis (7/11) and 1 case of Rosai-Dorfman disease (1/2). "
11/01/1993 - "Although serology alone appeared to have little value for the specific diagnosis of rhinoscleroma, a significant increase of IgG antibodies during treatment with ciprofloxacin confirmed infection by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis in this case."
01/01/2010 - "The presence of high level of specific IgA, IgG and IgM antibodies in the sera obtained in different stages of disease may showed that during the rhinoscleroma is permanent stimulation of antibody production."
07/01/1990 - "Rhinoscleroma: management by carbon dioxide surgical laser."
08/01/1982 - "Tracheal rhinoscleroma treated by argon laser."