|4.||Congenital Abnormalities (Deformity)
|5.||Spinal Dysraphism (Spina Bifida)
|1.||Nevzatoğlu, Sirin: 3 articles (05/2014 - 01/2011)|
|2.||Küçükkeleş, Nazan: 3 articles (05/2014 - 01/2011)|
|3.||Krogstad, O: 3 articles (04/2001 - 08/2000)|
|4.||Lyberg, T: 3 articles (04/2001 - 08/2000)|
|5.||Abrahão, Márcio: 2 articles (01/2013 - 09/2010)|
|6.||Dominguez, Gladys Cristina: 2 articles (01/2013 - 09/2010)|
|7.||Yamashita, Hélio K: 2 articles (01/2013 - 09/2010)|
|8.||Aidar, Luís Antônio de Arruda: 2 articles (01/2013 - 09/2010)|
|9.||Mobarak, K A: 2 articles (04/2001 - 04/2001)|
|10.||Espeland, L: 2 articles (04/2001 - 04/2001)|
03/01/2013 - "Five cases were excluded from the study as associated abnormalities were detected on expert ultrasound: corpus callosum agenesis (n = 1), retrognathism (n = 3), and ectrodactyly (n = 1). "
09/15/1991 - "Ectrodactyly, retrognathism, abnormal ears, highly arched palate, spina bifida, congenital heart defect, single umbilical artery."
|2.||Betamethasone (Celestone)FDA Link
02/01/2015 - "Thirty-seven patients (mean age 23.62 years, range 17-62 years) with either mandibular prognathism or retrognathism were enrolled consecutively into the study and divided into three groups: control (n=12), repeated dose 4+8+4mg betamethasone (n=14), single dose 16mg betamethasone (n=11). "
|3.||Connexin 43 (Connexin43)IBA
|4.||Aflatoxin B1 (Aflatoxin B)IBA
10/01/1980 - "Aflatoxin B1 toxicity caused a rise in the mortality rate from 6.6% (controls) to 35% in the chicken injected with 1/100 ppm aflatoxin B1 and to 26% in the lot given 1/500 ppm. Several malformations were also noticed: spina bifida, anophthalmia, maxillary retrognathism, distorted legs and evisceration; the group receiving 1/100 ppm aflatoxin B1 also showed bone development retardation of the wing, leg, maxilla and mandible."
01/01/2012 - "First and second branchial arches are affected in TCS, resulting in craniofacial and intraoral anomalies such as: severe convex facial profile; mid-face hypoplasia; microtia; eyelid colobomas; mandibular retrognathism; cleft palate; dental hypoplasia; heterotopic teeth; maxillary transverse hypoplasia; anterior open bite; and Angle Class II molar relationship. "
|6.||disodium salt olean-11,13(18)-diene-3,30-diol dihemiphthalateIBA
05/10/2000 - "In the group of females with SAS following significant differences were observed: elongation of the soft palate (p < 0.001), narrowing pharyngeal airway space (p < 0.001), mandibular retrognathism (p < 0.05), micrognathism of the mandible (p < 0.001), dorsocaudal rotation of the mandible (p < 0.01), increased lower gonion angle (p < 0.001) and the articular angle (p < 0.05), increased anterior facial height (p < 0.05), narrowing the depth of bony framework of the nasopharynx (p < 0.001), decreased depth of the upper face (p < 0.01) and decreased length of the cranial base (p < 0.01). "
|1.||Activator Appliances (Function Activator)
04/01/2004 - "These findings indicate that the Delaire facemask and Bionator III treatment is effective for correcting skeletal Class III malocclusions caused by maxillary retrognathism in the early mixed dentition."
04/01/2004 - "The aim of this investigation was to study cephalometrically the skeletal, dental and soft tissue modifications induced by a Delaire facemask and Bionator III appliance in a sample of 30 patients (17 boys and 13 girls), aged 4.1-9 years [mean 5.85 years, confidence interval (CI) 5.41-6.29], in the early mixed dentition with a skeletal Class III malocclusion caused by maxillary retrognathism (group 1) and compared with a control sample of 24 subjects (14 boys and 10 girls), aged 4-9 years (mean 5.97 years, CI 5.35-6.58) with untreated Class III malocclusions (group 2). "
01/01/2005 - "This results in the skeletal midline deviating to the affected side, a lack of vertical growth on the same side produces a cant of the occlusal plane and mandibular retrognathism is seen as a result of the hypoplasia. "
05/01/1982 - "Whereas the first type of reaction results in an improvement in mandibular retrognathism, a marked rotation of the occlusal plane, and good vertical control of the upper and lower dental arches, the second type is distinguished by a significant reduction of maxillary prognathism, downward and backward rotation of the mandible, and forward tipping of the lower incisors. "
11/01/2015 - "The study was conducted on 6 patients who required bilateral sagittal split osteotomy for correction of mandibular retrognathism. "
11/01/2012 - "To analysis the maxillary bony structures by three-dimensional CT in maxillary retrognathism patients so as to provide information for Le Fort I osteotomy. "
11/01/2012 - "[Using three-dimensional CT to guide Le Fort I osteotomy in maxillary retrognathism patients]."
01/01/2011 - "Sixteen other patients with moderate to severe maxillary retrognathism were treated with an incomplete LeFort 1 osteotomy + FM therapy. "
09/01/2009 - "A 22-year-old woman was treated by Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary retrognathism. "
08/18/2015 - "[Three-dimensional evaluation of condylar morphology remodeling after orthognathic surgery in mandibular retrognathism by cone-beam computed tomography]."
08/01/2006 - "Previous studies have shown that patients with mandibular retrognathism who were scheduled for orthognathic surgery have a lower maximum bite force and an impaired chewing performance. "
07/01/1990 - "The results of this study indicate that maxillary protraction with a reverse headgear should be considered an alternative to orthognathic surgery in the treatment of children and adolescents with skeletal Class III malocclusion characterized by maxillary retrognathism."
05/01/2014 - "Assessment criteria include a low mandibular plane angle Class III patients who have severe maxillary retrognathism unable to be treated by conventional orthopaedic correction alone; patients who have almost completed growth and missed the chance of earlier orthopaedic correction, as well as patients who are not willing to accept bimaxillary orthognathic surgery, may be successfully treated."
07/01/2012 - "The subject groups were 32 female and 31 male patients diagnosed with mandibular prognathism and/or maxillary retrognathism who underwent orthognathic surgery. "
01/01/1987 - "Lateral pterygoid muscle activity in mandibular retrognathism and response to mandibular advancement surgery."
01/01/1982 - "These principles were applied to evaluate growth changes after mandibular advancement surgery in 15 patients with idiopathic mandibular retrognathism. "
08/01/2000 - "The aim of the present study was to investigate, by means of an extensive cephalometric examination, the alterations which took place in hyoid bone position, head posture, position and morphology of the soft palate, and tongue and sagittal dimensions of the pharyngeal airway after mandibular advancement osteotomy for the correction of mandibular retrognathism. "
08/01/2006 - "Maximum bite force and chewing performance were determined in 12 patients with a mandibular retrognathism before mandibular advancement surgery and at least 5 years after surgery. "
04/01/2004 - "A total of 28 patients with mandibular retrognathism had bilateral sagittal split osteotomies for mandibular advancement. "