|2.||Spinal Cord Diseases
|3.||Low Back Pain (Lumbago)
|4.||Neck Pain (Cervicalgia)
|5.||Pathologic Constriction (Stenosis)
|1.||Manchikanti, Laxmaiah: 36 articles (12/2015 - 01/2005)|
|2.||Benyamin, Ramsin M: 19 articles (11/2015 - 01/2007)|
|3.||Cash, Kimberly A: 19 articles (07/2014 - 11/2008)|
|4.||Pampati, Vidyasagar: 18 articles (07/2014 - 11/2008)|
|5.||Singh, Vijay: 17 articles (11/2015 - 01/2007)|
|6.||Winkelstein, Beth A: 15 articles (06/2015 - 04/2004)|
|7.||Abdi, Salahadin: 13 articles (11/2015 - 01/2005)|
|8.||Boswell, Mark V: 12 articles (11/2015 - 07/2002)|
|9.||Datta, Sukdeb: 12 articles (11/2015 - 01/2005)|
|10.||Falco, Frank J E: 12 articles (01/2015 - 01/2006)|
12/01/2000 - "Epidural steroids may be beneficial for subgroups of nerve root compression. "
04/01/2011 - "The anatomical studies showed us a mean value volume of 1.1 ml. The surgical volume determinations result in a mean volume of 0.9 ml. A better understanding of the anterolateral epidural space may allow a reduction of the injection volume in the conservative nerve root compression treatment, especially using the epidural perineural technique, avoiding the risk of side effects of high doses of steroids."
05/19/2015 - "Oral steroids for acute radiculopathy due to a herniated lumbar disk: a randomized clinical trial."
02/01/2015 - "Patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR) were treated with intradiscal injection of steroids (IDIS) and/or selective nerve root block (SNRB) at our hospital. "
03/01/2013 - "Steroids are commonly used in the treatment of cervical radiculopathy (CR), but there is limited information in this regard. "
|2.||gabapentin (Neurontin)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2009 - "[Efficacy of gabapentin in patients with discogenic lumbosacral radiculopathy]."
01/01/2009 - "The purpose of this, open-label, non-comparative study, was to evaluate the efficacy on quality of life and the efficacy of gabapentin monotherapy in patients with chronic radiculopathy. "
01/01/2015 - "To evaluate whether an epidural steroid injection or gabapentin is a better treatment for lumbosacral radiculopathy. "
01/01/2009 - "These results suggest that early use of gabapentin (tebantin) holds promises for treatment of discogenic radiculopathy."
01/01/2009 - "Gabapentin monotherapy in patients with chronic radiculopathy: the efficacy and impact on life quality."
|3.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
05/01/2007 - "The purpose of this study was to evaluate treatment outcomes with intradiscal injection of corticosteroids (IDIC) in cervical spondylotic radiculopathy. "
12/01/2012 - "Our findings show that epidural administration of corticosteroids has a deleterious effect on bone, which should be considered when contemplating treatment options for radiculopathy. "
02/01/2012 - "Transforaminal injection of corticosteroids for lumbar radiculopathy: systematic review and meta-analysis."
02/01/2009 - "The use of epidural corticosteroids for cervical radiculopathy: an interlaminar versus transforaminal approach."
01/01/1990 - "[The epidural administration of corticosteroids in treating discogenic radiculitis]."
03/01/2012 - "In our case series, serial CT-guided selective nerve root infiltrations with the supplement of tramadol were found to be highly effective in the treatment of persistant radiculopathies. "
12/01/2010 - "Herein, we present our experience of management of such cases with a single epidural injection of local anaesthetic, tramadol and methylprednisolone, and table tilt for management of both radiculopathies. "
10/02/2007 - "We also found fair evidence that opioids, tramadol, benzodiazepines, and gabapentin (for radiculopathy) are effective for pain relief. "
09/01/2010 - "Drugs generally have similar efficacy in various conditions, except in trigeminal neuralgia, chronic radiculopathy and HIV neuropathy, with level A evidence in support of tricyclic antidepressants (TCA), pregabalin, gabapentin, tramadol and opioids (in various conditions), duloxetine, venlafaxine, topical lidocaine and capsaicin patches (in restricted conditions). "
|5.||Dexamethasone (Maxidex)FDA LinkGeneric
02/01/2015 - "A 51-year-old man with lumbar radiculopathy underwent a right L5 transforaminal epidural steroid injection with dexamethasone. "
01/01/2015 - "Evaluating the role of the signaling mechanisms that contribute to the anti-inflammatory potential of dexamethasone in the context of LNB could serve to identify therapeutic targets for limiting radiculitis and axonal degeneration in peripheral LNB."
01/01/1970 - "[Treatment of lumbosacral radiculitis with epidural dexamethasone administration]."
11/01/2015 - "Dexamethasone, disc herniation, epidural injection, lumbar, radiculopathy."
07/01/2015 - "Does a single dose of intravenous dexamethasone reduce Symptoms in Emergency department patients with low Back pain and RAdiculopathy (SEBRA)? "
11/01/2007 - "To introduce and evaluate the efficacy of microsurgical decompression and titanium cage implants fusion with anterior plating in cervical spondylitic radiculopathy. "
05/01/2009 - "Forty patients with single level cervical radiculopathy were randomized to anterior discectomy and fusion with bioresorbable plate (19 patients, study group) or titanium plate (18 patients, control group). "
03/01/2008 - "This study showed no statistically significant difference between simple discectomy and discectomy followed by interbody fusion with a titanium cage in the surgical treatment of cervical radiculopathy caused by disc herniation."
03/01/2008 - "Eighty-six patients with symptoms of nerve root compression at 1 level were randomly allocated to either discectomy followed by fusion with a Ray titanium cage (40 patients) or to discectomy alone (46 patients). "
03/01/2008 - "To compare 2 surgical methods in the treatment of cervical radiculopathy caused by hard or soft disc herniation; namely, simple discectomy versus discectomy with an additional interbody fusion with a Ray titanium cage. "
|7.||Triamcinolone (Aristocort)FDA Link
07/01/2011 - "We recommend a minimal effective dose of corticosteroid (triamcinolone 10 mg) in TFESI for patients with lumbosacral radiculopathy."
11/01/2013 - "They received lumbar transforaminal, lumbar interlaminar, or caudal epidural triamcinolone for radiculopathy, spinal stenosis, or failed back surgery syndrome. "
09/01/2013 - "This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of triamcinolone vs. dexamethasone used in transforaminal epidural steroid injections for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy. "
11/01/2005 - "Charts and self-reported pain score evaluations were retrospectively reviewed in 114 patients (56 men, 58 women; age range, 36-84 years; mean age, 60 years) treated for radiculopathy from 1997 to 2003 with 130 selective lumbar nerve blocks with triamcinolone or betamethasone. "
11/01/2010 - "In this study, dexamethasone and triamcinolone treatments were shown to have different effects on low back pain with sciatica, with triamcinolone being more effective than dexamethsone in lumbar radiculopathy."
|8.||pregabalin (Lyrica)FDA Link
09/01/2010 - "We evaluated the efficacy of pregabalin in patients with chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy. "
09/01/2010 - "Considering the results of all phases of the study, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions from it, suggesting a need for further work to understand the clinical potential of pregabalin treatment for lumbosacral radiculopathy."
06/01/2010 - "The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of pregabalin in painful cervical or lumbosacral radiculopathy treated in Primary Care settings under routine clinical practice. "
09/01/2010 - "Most patients with chronic lumbosacral radiculopathy responded to pregabalin therapy; however, time to LOR did not significantly differ between pregabalin and placebo. "
06/01/2010 - "Patient-reported-outcomes in subjects with painful lumbar or cervical radiculopathy treated with pregabalin: evidence from medical practice in primary care settings."
|9.||Chymopapain (Chymodiactin)FDA Link
08/01/1985 - "Most cases of treatment failure could be attributed to an incorrect radiographic diagnosis, treatment of patients with equivocal diagnostic studies, the presence of "free" disk fragments, and causes of nerve-root compression unresponsive to chymopapain."
01/01/1975 - "Experimental studies on the effect of chymopapain on nerve root compression caused by intervertebral disk material."
01/01/1975 - "Since the primary effect of chymopapain is on the chondromucoprotein of the disk, beneficial results would not be expected if nerve root compression is due to bony impingement or scar tissue following previous surgery. "
07/01/1985 - "Ten normal adult volunteers, 75 patients with low back pain and/or lumbar radiculopathy, 16 patients following chymopapain treatment, 14 patients with recurrent symptoms following disc surgery, and two patients with distal cord compression were scanned on Fonar 3000 permanent magnet scanner. "
|10.||Lidocaine (Xylocaine)FDA LinkGeneric
02/01/2015 - "[Conservative treatment of cervical radiculopathy with 5% lidocaine medicated plaster]."
01/01/2005 - "Patients with confirmed radiculopathy were treated with paravertebral injection of a mixture of triamcinolne acetonide and lidocaine. "
01/01/2014 - "Our study suggests that needle instillation of steroid and lidocaine is effective in short-term pain occurs in different painful spine conditions (Sy cervicale, lumbare and radiculopathy). "
02/01/2015 - "Cervical radiculopathy is a localized neuro-pathic pain and in agreement with international guidelines, we checked if patients treated topically with 5% lidocaine medicated plaster may benefit in improving pain management and in reducing the time necessary to start physiotherapy. "
09/01/1997 - "Of these 12 patients (7 with radiculopathy and 5 with cauda equina syndrome), 9 received intrathecal hyperbaric lidocaine, 5%. "
08/01/2014 - "Facet injections are effective for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy and represent a valid and safer alternative to transforaminal injections."
11/01/2010 - "Phantom radiculitis effectively treated by fluoroscopically guided transforaminal epidural steroid injections."
09/01/2012 - "Epidural steroid injections (ESIs) are now increasing in popularity with regard to the management of chronic lumbar radiculopathy. "
01/01/2012 - "[Efficacy of transforaminal lumbar epidural steroid injections in patients with lumbar radiculopathy]."
11/01/2011 - "The efficacy of transforaminal epidural steroid injections in lumbosacral radiculopathy: a commentary."
11/01/2011 - "A randomized, controlled, double-blind trial of fluoroscopic caudal epidural injections in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and radiculitis."
12/01/2010 - "Single shot epidural injection for cervical and lumbosaccral radiculopathies: a preliminary study."
05/01/2010 - "The effectiveness of fluoroscopic cervical interlaminar epidural injections in managing chronic cervical disc herniation and radiculitis: preliminary results of a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial."
11/01/2015 - "The evidence in managing lumbar disc herniation or radiculitis is Level II for long-term improvement either with caudal, interlaminar, or transforaminal epidural injections with no significant difference among the approaches. "
01/01/2015 - "Various surgery and nonsurgical modalities, including epidural injections, have been used to treat LDH or radiculitis. "
01/01/2014 - "Patients with radiculopathy caused by contained disc herniations are less likely to have good outcomes following discectomy surgery than patients with disc herniations that are not contained. "
10/01/2003 - "Percutaneous lumbar diskectomy techniques hold considerable promise; however, lumbar microdiskectomy is the gold standard for surgical treatment of lumbar disk protrusion with radiculopathy. "
12/01/2011 - "Minimally invasive posterior cervical discectomy is safe and effective in the management of lateral cervical disc herniation manifested by radiculopathy. "
10/15/2014 - "One study suggested that posterior cervical foraminotomy had a greater net economic benefit than anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in a military population with unilateral cervical radiculopathy. "
06/01/2014 - "The purpose of this study was to assess the benefit of tranforaminal versus interlaminar endoscopic discectomy in patients with single level Lumbar 5-Sacral 1(L5-S1) disc herniations and lumbar radiculopathy. "
08/01/2009 - "Decompression surgery with or without fusion, the main purpose of which is to relieve nerve root compression and stabilize the spinal column, is an effective treatment for chronic DLS. "
01/01/2015 - "Open cervical laminoforaminotomy (CLF) provides safe and effective decompression/excision of lateral/foraminal disc herniations/spurs contributing to nerve root compression. "
01/01/2015 - "The comparison of the efficacy of radiofrequency nucleoplasty and targeted disc decompression in lumbar radiculopathy."
09/01/2012 - "To report a case of cervical radiculopathy caused by an anomalous vertebral artery (VA) and illustrate the efficacy of microvascular decompression by the anterolateral approach. "
04/01/2002 - "To describe a contemporary posterolateral endoscopic decompression technique for radiculopathy secondary to lumbar disc herniation; to evaluate the efficacy of the technique as it is applied to lumbar disc herniation including primary herniation, reherniation, intracanal herniation, and extracanal herniation; and to report outcome and complications. "
01/01/2013 - "This study aims to compare the perioperative parameters and clinical results between microendoscopy laminoforaminotomy (MELF) and cervical arthroplasty (CA) in the treatment of one-level cervical spondylotic radiculopathy in a retrospective study. "
12/01/2015 - "Lumbar Radiculopathy Confounded: Total Knee Arthroplasty Diminishes the Patellar Tendon Reflex."
05/01/2013 - "Patients of cervical disc herniation with only radiculopathy were treated with either arthroplasty (22 patients) or ACDF with cage alone (21 patients). "
01/01/2013 - "Comparison of one-level microendoscopy laminoforaminotomy and cervical arthroplasty in cervical spondylotic radiculopathy: a minimum 2-year follow-up study."
06/01/2012 - "In this retrospective comparative study, 42 patients with single-level cervical radiculopathy were operated upon, either with Shell cage fusion (23 patients) or with Prestige cervical disc arthroplasty (19 patients). "