|2.||Retinal Detachment (Retinal Detachments)
|1.||Uysal, Yusuf: 2 articles (12/2008 - 04/2006)|
|2.||Sobaci, Güngör: 2 articles (12/2008 - 04/2006)|
|3.||Nakanishi, Yoriko: 2 articles (05/2007 - 11/2006)|
|4.||Nakamura, Makoto: 2 articles (05/2007 - 11/2006)|
|5.||Tatsumi, Yasuko: 2 articles (05/2007 - 11/2006)|
|6.||Negi, Akira: 2 articles (05/2007 - 11/2006)|
|7.||Kuhli-Hattenbach, Claudia: 1 article (11/2015)|
|8.||Fronius, Maria: 1 article (11/2015)|
|9.||Koss, Michael Janusz: 1 article (11/2015)|
|10.||Kohnen, Thomas: 1 article (11/2015)|
|1.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
|2.||pamidronate (APD)FDA LinkGeneric
12/01/1988 - "The study was designed to ascertain the relationship between visual loss in the central 30 degrees of vision and the density of the relative afferent pupillary defect (APD). "
01/01/2010 - "At 3 months, an afferent pupillary defect (APD) developed with significant retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) changes. "
11/01/1987 - "The OCTOPUS 2000 perimeter and a central 30 degrees program were used to study consecutively 27 patients with glaucoma who had either a relative afferent pupillary defect (APD) or asymmetric optic nerve cupping without an APD. "
07/01/2012 - "Most of the open-globe injuries due to stones were of Type B and A, Grade E, Zone II and III with Afferent Pupillary Defect (APD) in 30% of the cases. "
10/12/2010 - "Using OCT 5th percentile to define abnormal RNFL thickness, we compared eyes classified by neurologists as having optic atrophy to RNFL thickness, and afferent pupillary defect (APD) to RNFL thickness ratios of eye pairs. "
05/01/2014 - "The application of OTS proved difficult, as the presence of a mild degree of a relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) could not accurately be evaluated in all of our patients. "
12/01/2008 - "Certain numerical values rendered to the OTS variables (visual acuity, rupture, endophthalmitis, perforating injury, retinal detachment, afferent pupillary defect) at presentation were summated and converted into OTS categories; the likelihood of the final visual acuities in the OTS categories were calculated, and compared with those in the OTS Study. "
08/01/2008 - "OTS variables (visual acuity, rupture, endophthalmitis, perforating injury, retinal detachment and afferent pupillary defect) were determined at the initial presentation and converted into the OTS categories as performed in the OTS Study. "
05/01/2013 - "Numerical values rendered to the OTS variables (visual acuity, rupture, endophthalmitis, perforating or penetrating injury, retinal detachment, and afferent pupillary defect) at presentation were summated and converted to OTS categories. "
04/01/2009 - "OTS variables (visual acuity, rupture, endophthalmitis, perforating injury, retinal detachment, and afferent pupillary defect) were determined and OTS was calculated in 114 eyes of 114 patients at the time of initial examination. "
11/01/2015 - "Best-corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, dilated fundus examination, optic disc morphology and macular thickness using optical coherence tomography (OCT), retinal visual acuity, color perception, and the presence of a relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) were assessed. "
01/01/2015 - "Patients typically present with acute, painless, unilateral loss of vision associated with a variable visual field defect, a relative afferent pupillary defect, a swollen, hyperaemic optic disc, and one or more flame-shaped peripapillary retinal haemorrhages. "
01/01/2015 - "This combined with the complete recovery of vision and resolution of the relative afferent pupillary defect underscores a lack of comprehensive understanding of retinal vaso-occlusive disease."
03/01/2014 - "The following examinations were carried out at the initial visit (month 0) and at months 2, 4 and 6: entire (90°) visual field examination with automated static white-on-white perimetry, quantified by mean defect (MD); peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFT) measurement with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT); assessment of distant best correct visual acuity (D-BCVA) and a quantification of the relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) using the swinging flashlight test with neutral density filters. "
03/01/2013 - "Inter-ocular differences in latency rose to about 20-25 ms when the pupil diameter of the non-dominant eye was reduced to 1.5 mm. The measurements with fixed pupil and varying luminance suggested that the observed effects were explicable in terms of the changes in retinal illuminance produced by the restrictions in pupil area. "
08/01/2011 - "The objective of the current study was to evaluate whether inferior ectopic pupil is associated with iridal coloboma and other types of ocular coloboma in RCS rats. "
05/01/1991 - "Examinations of 146 children (267 eyes) with bilateral congenital cataracts and microphthalmia have revealed complete microphthalmia in 66 percent of cases, anterior microphthalmia (microcornea) in 34 percent, and various solitary and multiple abnormalities of the anterior section of the eye: microcornea, ectopic pupil, no pupil, a pupil membrane, iridal hypoplasia and aplasia, iridocorneal adhesions, etc. A total of 224 cataract extractions by the aspiration irrigation method were carried out with the use of microsurgical equipment. "
01/01/2012 - "Optical examination revealed unilateral papillitis in the left eye and no relative afferent pupillary defects. "
08/01/1983 - "A unilateral swollen disk with decreased visual acuity and a Marcus Gunn pupil should bring to mind a papillitis, which is a local inflammatory condition of the optic nerve head. "
02/01/1977 - "A unilateral swollen disk with decreased visual acuity and a Marcus Gunn pupil should bring to mind a papillitis, which is a local inflammatory condition of the optic nerve head. "
01/01/2011 - "Overlapping clinical features occurred between the 2 groups as well as prevalent severe visual loss, relative afferent pupillary defect, and papillitis in optic neuritis. "
12/15/1989 - "Type II appeared to be a true cytomegalovirus infection of the optic nerve characterized by primary, isolated papillitis with peripapillary retinitis, an early afferent pupillary defect, and good initial visual acuity, which rapidly deteriorated despite prompt antiviral therapy. "
|7.||Fluorescein (Funduscein)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1996 - "All patients at presentation, had full ophthalmological examination, fluorescein angiography, relative afferent pupillary defect test and electroretinography to distinguish between ischaemic and non-ischaemic occlusions. "
02/01/1996 - "A healthy young white female presented with acute, unilateral loss of visual field and an afferent pupillary defect, but normal visual acuity, color vision, fundus examination, and fluorescein angiogram. "
01/01/1992 - "In addition, relative afferent pupillary defect, enlargement of the blind spot, a decrease in the critical fusion frequency, staining of the optic disc on fluorescein angiography and prolonged latency of the P100 component with decreased amplitude in pattern-reversal visual evoked cortical potential strongly suggested dysfunction of the optic nerve in this patient."
01/01/1990 - "There were four functional tests [visual acuity, visual fields, relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD), electroretinography (ERG)] and two morphologic tests (ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein fundus angiography). "
09/01/1995 - "All eyes with relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) < or = 0.6 log units with edge light pupil cycle time (ELPCT) of 925 +/- 94 ms, visual acuity > or = 6/60 with minimal field defects proved to be of nonischemic CRVO, while eyes with RAPD > or = 0.9 log units with ELPCT of 4005 +/- 712 ms, visual acuity 3/60 with marked field defects proved to be of ischemic CRVO with evidence of retinal ischemia on fluorescein angiography. "
07/01/1985 - "A Marcus Gunn pupil was present in all six patients not on miotics. "
08/01/1976 - "The lack of descriptions of relative afferent pupillary defects in unilateral glaucoma may be explained by the frequency with which these patients are treated with miotics, the association of trauma, and the presence of anatomic alterations of the iris. "
|9.||Gadolinium DTPA (Magnevist)FDA Link
12/01/1991 - "Leakage of Gd-DTPA across the blood-optic nerve barrier was a consistent finding in the acute lesion, and its presence was associated with abnormal visual acuity and colour vision, retro-ocular pain on eye movement, and afferent pupillary defect, and a reduced amplitude of the P100 component of the visual evoked potential. "
|10.||Amlodipine (Norvasc)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2009 - "An example of successful use of the new laser unit for pupilloplasty for the ectopic pupil is given."
04/01/2007 - "5 eyes with persistence of the afferent pupillary defect received laser/cryocoagulation because of neovascularisations. "
11/01/2005 - "Laser iridoplasty for congenital ectopic pupils."
01/01/2007 - "An increasing number of laser applications and chemotherapy cycles was not associated with decreased VA, strabismus, or development of an afferent pupillary defect but was associated with development of local complications. "
12/01/1984 - "[Argon laser treatment of glaucoma resulting from pupillary occlusion]."
|3.||Intraocular Lens Implantation
07/01/1978 - "[Management of the occluded pupil following intraocular lens implantation (author's transl)]."
07/01/1978 - "Anticoagulation, intraocular bleeding and pupillary paralysis following Choyce intraocular lens implantation."
11/01/2000 - "Phacoemulsification with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was performed on 262 eyes with a preexisting filtration bleb, in which at the temporal clear cornea a lateral or inferior lateral limbal incision was selected, the pupil sphincter was cut and the iris was sewed for the small and fixed pupil. "
06/01/1995 - "Extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was performed in 21 eyes with a preexisting filtration bleb, in which a lateral and inferior lateral limbal incison was selected, the pupil sphinctor was cut and the iris was sew for the small and fixed pupil. "
09/01/2015 - "Eight eyes presented with decreased VA (any VA < 20/20), 4 with decreased color vision (any color vision < 11), and 1 with a relative afferent pupillary defect, and all these patients demonstrated improvement following repeat orbital decompression. "
01/01/1995 - "If abnormal chromatic discrimination sensitivity was accompanied by a relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) or decreased Snellen visual activity (VA), then optic nerve decompression was performed. "
05/01/1990 - "We report the findings and the visual outcome in 21 patients with severe mid-face fractures, who underwent primary optic nerve decompression after showing an afferent pupillary defect. "
11/01/2008 - "Appropriate patients are relatively young, in the first five decades of life, suffering infarction of a majority of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory in either hemisphere, and decompression should be performed prior to progression to coma or two dilated, fixed pupils. "
02/01/2010 - "In this prospective interventional case series, 18 eyes of 18 patients with severe ocular trauma whose vision was documented as NLP and with relative afferent pupillary defect of 3 to 4+ underwent deep vitrectomy and other appropriate procedures 1 to 3 times. "
04/01/2007 - "Of these, 31 eyes (19.4%) have shown some sign of optic nerve damage following vitrectomy, including pallor in 29 eyes, relative afferent pupillary defect in eight eyes, and intrapapillary hemorrhage in two eyes. "
07/01/2006 - "Sex, age, involved eye, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), afferent pupillary defect (APD), location and wound length, cataract, iris prolapse, vitreous prolapse, retinal detachment (RD), intraocular foreign body (IOFB), vitrectomy procedure, and type of injury were evaluated as predisposing factors by logistic regression models for final visual acuity, RD, and ocular survival. "