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Phantom Limb (Phantom Limbs)

Perception of painful and nonpainful phantom sensations that occur following the complete or partial loss of a limb. The majority of individuals with an amputated extremity will experience the impression that the limb is still present, and in many cases, painful. (From Neurol Clin 1998 Nov;16(4):919-36; Brain 1998 Sep;121(Pt 9):1603-30)
Also Known As:
Phantom Limbs; Limb, Phantom; Limbs, Phantom; Pseudomelias; Pseudomelia
Networked: 481 relevant articles (37 outcomes, 63 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Pain (Aches)
2. Neuralgia (Stump Neuralgia)
3. Causalgia (Syndrome, Causalgia)
4. Traumatic Amputation (Traumatic Amputations)
5. Depressive Disorder (Melancholia)

Experts

1. Flor, H: 10 articles (05/2014 - 10/2000)
2. Smith, Douglas G: 7 articles (08/2015 - 01/2004)
3. Jensen, Mark P: 7 articles (08/2015 - 01/2002)
4. Flor, Herta: 7 articles (01/2015 - 07/2002)
5. Birbaumer, N: 7 articles (04/2007 - 10/2000)
6. Robinson, Lawrence R: 6 articles (08/2015 - 01/2002)
7. Ehde, Dawn M: 6 articles (08/2015 - 01/2002)
8. Richardson, Cliff: 4 articles (08/2015 - 05/2006)
9. Dietrich, Caroline: 4 articles (03/2014 - 01/2012)
10. Miltner, Wolfgang H R: 4 articles (03/2014 - 01/2012)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Phantom Limb:
1. gabapentin (Neurontin)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Calcitonin (Calcitonin, Eel)FDA LinkGeneric
3. Bupivacaine (Bupivacaine Hydrochloride)FDA LinkGeneric
4. KetamineFDA LinkGeneric
5. Morphine (MS Contin)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Clonidine (ST 155)FDA LinkGeneric
7. N-Methylaspartate (NMDA)IBA
8. Memantine (Namenda)FDA Link
9. topiramate (Topamax)FDA LinkGeneric
10. hexamethylpropyleneamine oximeIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Amputation
2. Analgesia
3. Prostheses and Implants (Prosthesis)
4. Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
5. Epidural Analgesia