|2.||Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)
|5.||Inguinal Hernia (Direct Inguinal Hernia)
|1.||Moore, R Andrew: 52 articles (01/2015 - 02/2002)|
|2.||Derry, Sheena: 47 articles (01/2015 - 01/2008)|
|3.||McQuay, Henry J: 36 articles (01/2013 - 02/2002)|
|4.||Viscusi, Eugene R: 21 articles (01/2016 - 03/2004)|
|5.||Turan, Alparslan: 21 articles (07/2015 - 03/2003)|
|6.||Moore, R A: 21 articles (11/2011 - 01/2000)|
|7.||Kehlet, Henrik: 20 articles (12/2015 - 03/2002)|
|8.||White, Paul F: 20 articles (02/2011 - 05/2002)|
|9.||Kokki, Hannu: 19 articles (12/2015 - 01/2002)|
|10.||Chelly, Jacques E: 18 articles (05/2015 - 08/2002)|
|1.||Morphine (MS Contin)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1990 - "Epidural morphine is effective in the treatment of postoperative pain, but the incidence of associated side effects is high. "
04/01/2011 - "Postoperative pain, morphine use, disease-free and overall survival, and surgical and hospital costs were measured postoperatively and compared between the two groups. "
05/01/2013 - "The intrathecal morphine is effective in postoperative pain control. "
09/01/2010 - "It has been shown to be effective in reducing morphine consumption and improving postoperative pain relief in several clinical settings. "
01/01/2005 - "In contrast, intra-articular morphine does appear to be effective for decreasing postoperative pain."
|2.||Bupivacaine (Bupivacaine Hydrochloride)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2014 - "The advent of liposomal bupivacaine is proving to be a highly efficacious and safe method of postoperative pain management with favorable pharmacokinetics that reduces the risk of amide-related toxicity. "
04/01/2010 - "However, there was a significant reduction of postoperative pain in the bupivacaine group as well at rest as coughing. "
11/01/2005 - "A total of 154 patients had good postoperative pain relief for 72 h with continuous infusion of 0.05% bupivacaine. "
11/01/2003 - "Patient satisfaction with postoperative pain management (95 +/- 3 versus 77 +/- 13) and quality of recovery (96 +/- 7 versus 83 +/- 14) was significantly improved in the bupivacaine group (versus control). "
01/01/1999 - "bupivacaine, both produced equally good postoperative pain control and allowed a significant reduction of analgesic requirement after knee arthroscopy."
|3.||Acetaminophen (Paracetamol)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/2011 - "Intravenous APAP is safe, effective for mild-to-moderate postoperative pain, well-tolerated, and has a very favorable side effect profile with no clearly demonstrated clinically significant drug-drug interactions. "
04/01/2010 - "Good evidence supports acetaminophen as an effective and safe reliever of acute postoperative pain."
05/01/2006 - "The analgesic efficacy of a 2 g starting dose of IV paracetamol was superior over the recommended dose of 1g in terms of magnitude and duration of analgesic effect for postoperative pain following third molar surgery, with no significant difference between groups regarding safety."
01/01/2014 - "Our study demonstrated that iv dexketoprofen has superior efficacy for postoperative pain management following day-case operative hysteroscopy when compared with paracetamol and placebo."
01/01/2004 - "A prior Cochrane systematic review concluded that paracetamol is also effective for postoperative pain, but additional trials have since been published. "
|4.||Fentanyl (Sublimaze)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2010 - "Fentanyl was less effective in subjects with the G allele of the OPRM1 A118G SNP than in those with the A allele, and subjects with the G allele required more fentanyl for adequate postoperative pain control than those with the A allele. "
09/01/2009 - "Fentanyl was less effective in subjects with the G allele of the OPRM1 A118G SNP than those with the A allele, and subjects with the G allele required more fentanyl for adequate postoperative pain control than those with the A allele. "
01/01/2005 - "Clinical studies have shown that the fentanyl HCl PCTS is effective in the management of acute postoperative pain. "
03/01/1999 - "The addition of fentanyl may be effective for both intraoperative and postoperative pain relief. "
11/01/1992 - "Transdermal fentanyl was found to be effective in the control of chronic and postoperative pain. "
03/01/1994 - "Thus, perioperative ketorolac infusion improved the quality of postoperative pain relief, and had no major influence on endocrine-metabolic response and no negative influences on hemostatic and renal functions. "
06/01/2012 - "Intranasal ketorolac was effective in providing short-term relief from postoperative pain in four well designed, phase II or III trials. "
01/01/1990 - "Intravenous ketorolac is effective for the treatment of postoperative pain."
05/01/1987 - "This study shows ketorolac to be a safe and effective analgesic for relief of postoperative pain."
02/01/1994 - "Ketorolac, when administered intramuscularly or orally, is a safe and effective analgesic agent for the short-term management of acute postoperative pain and can be used as an alternative to opioid therapy."
05/01/1997 - "Benefits include excellent operative exposure and visualization, less postoperative pain, shorter hospital stay and convalescent period, and improved cosmetic result. "
06/01/2015 - "SIL-V is a safe and effective straightforward alternative to the well-established and accepted CTL-V. The tendency toward decreased postoperative pain, rapid return to normal activity and the high patients' satisfaction rate regarding cosmetic results are potential benefits of SIL-V procedure. "
01/01/2014 - "Even for smaller size cases, Re-VATS, which is technically feasible, safe and effective with better cosmetics and minor postoperative pain, should be a strong contender as priority treatment."
06/01/2013 - "MIVAT significantly decreased postoperative pain and improved cosmetic results. "
06/01/2012 - "Transumbilical LESS-RN is a feasible, safe, and efficacious procedure with favorable perioperative outcomes that results in significantly improved control of postoperative pain, more rapid recovery of bowel function, and increased cosmetic satisfaction. "
01/01/1997 - "Although no studies are available regarding its use in the management of postoperative pain after day case surgery, tramadol is frequently administered with good results in such patients. "
01/01/2015 - "Tramadol was more effective in the treatment of postoperative pain after lumbar disc surgery."
08/01/2005 - "We conclude that preoperative intravenous tramadol is superior to oral tramadol for preventing postoperative pain following third molar surgery. "
04/01/2001 - "Tramadol in continuous infusion (dose 12 mg/h) proved to be effective for the control of postoperative pain after cardiac surgery. "
01/01/2011 - "In this study, the efficacy of preemptive dexketoprofen usage on postoperative pain relief and tramadol consumption was evaluated. "
05/01/1995 - "All 3 forms of ketamine consistently relieved postoperative pain, (S)-ketamine being 4 times more potent than (R)-ketamine. "
06/01/2015 - "There is insufficient and/or conflicting (Grade I) evidence that muscle relaxants and ketamine provide a significant reduction in postoperative pain or narcotic usage. "
05/01/2015 - "We present the initial experience with a ketamine infusion in a patient with a TAH with minimal observed decreases in blood pressure and significantly improved postoperative pain."
04/01/2011 - "Intravenous low-dose ketamine may be safe and effective in reducing postoperative pain."
01/01/2012 - "Therefore, this study tried to compare the efficacy of ketamine infusion and routine opioid administration on postoperative pain. "
|9.||Analgesics (Analgesic Drugs)IBA
04/01/2013 - "In recent years, there has been focus on identifying risk factors predicting patients with high postoperative pain intensity or consumption of analgesics, which may facilitate an improvement in rehabilitation. "
07/01/2009 - "In the test group there was a statistically significant reduction of postoperative pain in the 7 days after the extraction, and the patients had a consistent minor consumption of analgesics. "
09/01/1997 - "Moreover, the need for additional postoperative analgesics was significantly greater in groups 2 and 3. Oral KT is safe, convenient, and as effective as topical FS, and has the added advantage of reducing postoperative pain."
10/01/1992 - "The second day postoperative pain score in Group 1 was significantly greater than the first day score in the same group, and significantly greater than the severity score in Group 2. Only 36% of patients receiving two doses of EM required supplemental analgesics beyond 48 h compared to 76% of those receiving one dose (P < 0.01). "
02/01/2015 - "Use of the analgesics is limited by their side effects and studies suggest that prevention with some medications before surgery is effective in controlling the postoperative pain. "
|10.||ropivacaine (Naropin)FDA LinkGeneric
09/07/2010 - "CFNA with ropivacaine 0.2% is more effective in controlling postoperative pain than CIA and CFNB is an effective regional component of a multimodal analgesic strategy after TKA."
01/01/2002 - "Ropivacaine 1 mg x ml(-1) showed less efficacy while the use of ropivacaine 3 mg x ml(-1) was associated with a higher incidence of motor block with minimal improvement in postoperative pain relief."
01/01/2014 - "Ropivacaine CWI is effective for postoperative pain management in a wide range of surgical procedures."
01/01/2014 - "We investigated the efficacy of combining local anaesthetic infiltration of ropivacaine with pulmonary recruitment manoeuvre on postoperative pain following diagnostic hysteroscopy and laparoscopy. "
07/01/2005 - "Ropivacaine flush almost eliminated the postoperative pain and discomfort. "
01/01/2016 - "The preoperative use of multimodal analgesia has been shown to decrease acute postoperative pain, but it has no proven efficacy in preventing development of CPSP. "
11/01/2006 - "As a whole, assessment of analgesia within 24 hours showed excellent and good results reported by patients in 85% of cases; and in 71% of the patients the intensity of postoperative pain was less than they had expected before surgery. "
09/01/1984 - "The improved ventilation efficiency and the excellent immediate postoperative pain relief achieved by caudal analgesia justifies its frequent use for these operative surgical procedures."
12/01/2011 - "However, regional anaesthesia offers superior analgesia over opioid-based analgesia, and a significant reduction in postoperative pain is still a worthwhile outcome. "
11/01/2010 - "Acupuncture has quick analgesia in treatment of abdominal postoperative pain, which is superior to muscular injection of Bucinnazine because of its advantages of long-term and significant efficacy."
03/01/1992 - "Although most studies suggest that epidural analgesia is superior for postoperative pain relief, few clearly demonstrate an improvement in pulmonary function attributable to epidural analgesia. "
01/01/2012 - "The results of our study indicate that for patients who are scheduled for hip surgery, both continuous paravertebral and continuous epidural analgesia are effective in controlling postoperative pain but that the former has several crucial advantages."
02/05/2013 - "Epidural analgesia (EA) is effective in providing postoperative pain relief, but has potential complications. "
04/01/1998 - "Thoracic epidural analgesia is effective for alleviating postoperative pain from corrective thoracic surgery in children. "
05/01/2012 - "Epidural analgesia is a well-established technique that has commonly been regarded as the gold standard in postoperative pain management. "
|3.||Patient-Controlled Analgesia (Analgesia, Patient Controlled)
03/01/2008 - "Postoperative pain management has dramatically improved with the advent of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) delivery. "
09/01/1997 - "Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA-i.v.) has has markedly improved postoperative pain-relief. "
06/01/1989 - "The purpose of this study was to determine if patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is an effective method of postoperative pain relief for children. "
02/01/2010 - "An RPM appears to be an effective means to optimize postoperative pain management after transition off patient-controlled analgesia devices. "
07/01/2009 - "Intravenous or epidural patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a safe and effective technique in the treatment of postoperative pain. "
06/01/2013 - "This study supports other studies that show that SALC is a feasible and promising alternative to traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy in selected patients with better cosmesis, QOL, and improved postoperative pain results, and it can be performed with the existing laparoscopic instruments."
02/01/2007 - "Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are considered as an effective treatment of postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. "
09/01/2008 - "Randomized studies to compare single port laparoscopic cholecystectomy with traditional laparoscopic cholecystectomy, with specific regard to postoperative pain scores, would be helpful in determining how much additional benefit, if any, there is to the patient."
02/15/2001 - "Small-scale studies have suggested a large inter-individual variation in early postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, emphasizing the need for improved analgesic treatment and valid predictors. "
10/01/2013 - "Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) is said to provide improved cosmesis with a reduction in postoperative pain, but SILC involves a change in operative technique. "
10/01/2009 - "Patients undergoing MITKA tend to have decreased postoperative pain, rapid recovery of quadriceps function, reduced blood loss, improved range of motion (mostly reported as a short-term gain) and shorter hospital stay compared with patients undergoing standard total knee arthroplasty. "
01/01/2015 - "Sciatic nerve block with femoral nerve block is superior to local anesthetic infiltration with femoral nerve block for postoperative pain control within 3-12 h of total knee arthroplasty. "
12/01/2015 - "PMDI is a safe and effective method of early postoperative pain management in total knee arthroplasty when applied through regions other than posterior capsule."
12/01/2005 - "Continuous peripheral nerve blocks represent an adjunctive, effective, and safe technique for postoperative pain control after total hip arthroplasty. "
09/01/2014 - "We conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials investigating LIA for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of LIA for early postoperative pain treatment. "