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Muscle Rigidity

Continuous involuntary sustained muscle contraction which is often a manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES. When an affected muscle is passively stretched, the degree of resistance remains constant regardless of the rate at which the muscle is stretched. This feature helps to distinguish rigidity from MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p73)
Also Known As:
Catatonic Rigidity; Extensor Rigidity; Cogwheel Rigidities; Gegenhaltens; Muscular Rigidity; Rigidities, Cogwheel; Rigidity, Catatonic; Rigidity, Cogwheel; Rigidity, Extensor; Rigidity, Extrapyramidal; Rigidity, Muscle; Rigidity, Nuchal; Cogwheel Rigidity; Extrapyramidal Rigidity; Gegenhalten; Nuchal Rigidity; Rigidity, Muscular
Networked: 527 relevant articles (26 outcomes, 38 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Hypokinesia (Bradykinesia)
2. Fever (Fevers)
3. Catalepsy
4. Tremor (Tremors)
5. Seizures (Seizure)

Experts

1. Konieczny, J: 7 articles (01/2009 - 01/2000)
2. Wolfarth, S: 7 articles (02/2007 - 01/2000)
3. Pilc, A: 6 articles (02/2007 - 01/2000)
4. Wardas, J: 5 articles (02/2007 - 06/2001)
5. Ossowska, K: 5 articles (02/2007 - 01/2000)
6. Lorenc-Koci, E: 5 articles (12/2003 - 01/2000)
7. Rosenberg, Henry: 3 articles (01/2015 - 06/2005)
8. Pollock, Neil: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2007)
9. Stowell, Kathryn: 2 articles (01/2015 - 01/2007)
10. Nisijima, Koichi: 2 articles (01/2013 - 01/2012)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Muscle Rigidity:
1. Dopamine (Intropin)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Fentanyl (Sublimaze)FDA LinkGeneric
3. Halothane (Fluothane)FDA Link
4. Dantrolene (Dantrium)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Haloperidol (Haldol)FDA LinkGeneric
6. BenzodiazepinesIBA
7. Morphine (MS Contin)FDA LinkGeneric
8. Levodopa (L Dopa)FDA LinkGeneric
9. KetamineFDA LinkGeneric
10. BaclofenFDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Anesthesia
2. Deep Sedation
3. Massage (Reflexology)
4. Lasers (Laser)
5. Analgesia