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Meningococcal Meningitis

A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)
Also Known As:
Meningitis, Meningococcal; Meningitis, Meningococcal, Serogroup A; Meningitis, Meningococcal, Serogroup B; Meningitis, Meningococcal, Serogroup C; Meningitis, Meningococcal, Serogroup W-135; Meningitis, Meningococcal, Serogroup W135; Meningitis, Meningococcal, Serogroup Y; Meningitis, Meningococcic; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup A; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup B; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup C; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup W-135; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup W135; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup Y; Serogroup A Meningococcal Meningitis; Serogroup B Meningococcal Meningitis; Serogroup C Meningococcal Meningitis; Serogroup W-135, Meningococcal Meningitis; Serogroup W135, Meningococcal Meningitis; Serogroup Y, Meningococcal Meningitis; Meningococcal Meningitis, Serogroup W 135; Serogroup W 135, Meningococcal Meningitis
Networked: 260 relevant articles (11 outcomes, 23 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Bacteremia
2. Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome
3. Vomiting
4. Neurologic Manifestations (Neurological Manifestations)
5. Headache (Headaches)

Experts

1. van de Beek, Diederik: 3 articles (06/2014 - 01/2012)
2. Brouwer, Matthijs C: 3 articles (06/2014 - 01/2012)
3. Leib, Stephen L: 3 articles (01/2014 - 04/2006)
4. Grandgirard, Denis: 3 articles (01/2014 - 04/2006)
5. Ouburg, Sander: 3 articles (01/2013 - 02/2011)
6. Sanders, Marieke S: 3 articles (01/2013 - 02/2011)
7. Morré, Servaas A: 3 articles (01/2013 - 02/2011)
8. van Furth, A Marceline: 3 articles (01/2013 - 02/2011)
9. Borrow, R: 3 articles (12/2006 - 01/2000)
10. Patel, M: 3 articles (01/2005 - 01/2000)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Meningococcal Meningitis:
1. Ceftriaxone (Ceftriaxon)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)FDA Link
3. Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
4. Dexamethasone (Maxidex)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Meningococcal Vaccines (Meningococcal Vaccine)IBA
6. Rifampin (Rifampicin)FDA LinkGeneric
7. CortisoneIBA
8. LatexIBA
9. Superoxide DismutaseIBA
10. Hydrogen Peroxide (Hydroperoxide)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Intramuscular Injections
2. Nursing Care
3. Chemoprevention
4. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
5. Transplants (Transplant)