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Margarine

A butterlike product made of refined vegetable oils, sometimes blended with animal fats, and emulsified usually with water or milk. It is used as a butter substitute. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Networked: 158 relevant articles (4 outcomes, 16 trials/studies)

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Bio-Agent Context: Research Results

Experts

1. Heinrich, Joachim: 4 articles (12/2011 - 03/2005)
2. Sausenthaler, Stefanie: 3 articles (12/2011 - 03/2006)
3. Heinrich, J: 3 articles (12/2011 - 01/2001)
4. Gylling, Helena: 2 articles (12/2015 - 03/2006)
5. García, Ana Paula: 2 articles (05/2013 - 11/2012)
6. Picó, Catalina: 2 articles (05/2013 - 11/2012)
7. Priego, Teresa: 2 articles (05/2013 - 11/2012)
8. Sánchez, Juana: 2 articles (05/2013 - 11/2012)
9. Palou, Andreu: 2 articles (05/2013 - 11/2012)
10. Kromhout, Daan: 2 articles (01/2013 - 11/2010)

Related Diseases

1. Body Weight (Weight, Body)
2. Hypercholesterolemia
3. Colonic Neoplasms (Colon Cancer)
07/01/1998 - "Although "substituters" (people who substituted low fat dairy products for high fat dairy products, margarine for butter, poultry for red meat, and whole grains for refined grains) were at reduced risk of colon cancer, the reduction in risk was not statistically significant. "
05/01/1986 - "Margarine was a significantly increased risk factor for cancer of the colon. "
01/21/1992 - "High consumption of margarine exerted a significant protection against cancer of the colon whereas high consumption of carrot spinach, whole-grain bread and pasta (favorably) and red meat (unfavorably) affected rectal cancer risk in particular. "
07/01/2008 - "A strong and positive association was observed for colonic cancer and the intake of coffee, tea and cocoa (r = 0.77, p = 0.042) whereas statistical significance of borderline value was found for margarine (r = 0.73, p = 0.06) and sweets (r = 0.74, p = 0.066) intake. "
10/01/1984 - "The groups of foods statistically associated with cancer death are: pork, cooking oil and shochu (low class distilled spirits) for esophageal cancer; fresh fish, salted fish, vegetables and alcoholic beverages for stomach cancer; alcoholic beverages, salted or dried fish, vegetables, bread, milk, butter, margarine, ketchup, beer and fresh fish for colonic cancer; fresh fish, salted or dried fish, salt and popular grade sake for rectal cancer; pork, popular grade sake and green tea for cancer of the biliary passages; salted or dried fish, vegetables, alcoholic beverages, oil and fresh fish for pancreatic cancer; beef, poultry, eggs and vinegar for liver cancer. "
4. Lung Neoplasms (Lung Cancer)
5. Rectal Neoplasms (Rectal Cancer)

Related Drugs and Biologics

1. Fats
2. Cholesterol
3. LDL Cholesterol
4. stigmastanol
5. Leptin
6. olive oil
7. Vitamin D
8. Trans Fatty Acids
9. Plant Oils (Vegetable Oils)
10. Vitamin A (Retinol)

Related Therapies and Procedures

1. Tonsillectomy
2. Adenoidectomy