Malocclusion (Crossbite)

Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Also Known As:
Crossbite; Angle's Classification; Cross Bite; Angle Classification; Angles Classification; Bite, Cross; Bites, Cross; Classification, Angle's; Cross Bites; Crossbites; Crowding, Tooth; Crowdings, Tooth; Malocclusions; Tooth Crowding
Networked: 1753 relevant articles (63 outcomes, 275 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Facial Asymmetry (Hemifacial Microsomia)
2. Overbite
3. Retrognathism
4. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
5. Wounds and Injuries (Trauma)


1. Janson, Guilherme: 21 articles (12/2014 - 04/2003)
2. Franchi, Lorenzo: 17 articles (11/2015 - 07/2004)
3. Henriques, José Fernando Castanha: 17 articles (12/2014 - 05/2002)
4. Pancherz, Hans: 12 articles (09/2015 - 10/2003)
5. Cozza, Paola: 11 articles (11/2015 - 04/2004)
6. McNamara, James A: 11 articles (09/2015 - 07/2004)
7. Baccetti, Tiziano: 11 articles (07/2011 - 07/2004)
8. Paiva, Saul Martins: 9 articles (05/2015 - 07/2008)
9. Baek, Seung-Hak: 9 articles (11/2014 - 02/2006)
10. de Freitas, Marcos Roberto: 9 articles (11/2014 - 04/2003)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Malocclusion:
1. Stainless Steel (Steel, Stainless)IBA
2. TransbondIBA
3. isopropyl methylphosphonic acidIBA
03/01/2010 - "(1) The constructed artificial neural network in this study was effective, with 80% accuracy, in determining whether extraction or nonextraction treatment was best for malocclusion patients between 11 and 15 years old; (2) when the clinician is predicting whether an orthodontic treatment requires extraction, the indices "anterior teeth uncovered by incompetent lips" and "IMPA (L1-MP)" should be taken into consideration first."
04/01/1982 - "Treatment variations of IMPA in relation to extraction areas, and the class of malocclusion."
04/01/2007 - "Activator and high-pull headgear combination treatment in these growing patients resulted in a correction of the skeletal Class II relationship (ANB -3.4 degrees), a restriction of maxillary growth (SNA -2.0 degrees, OLp-A -2.3 mm), an advancement of the mandibular structures (SNB +2.6 degrees, FH-NPg +2.3 degrees, OLp-B +2.7 mm, OLp-Pg +2.2 mm), an increase in lower face height (ANS-Me +3.9 mm), a correction of the overjet (-5.4 mm), an improvement in overbite (-2.2 mm), uprighting of the maxillary incisors (U1-FH -5.3 degrees, OLp-U1 -2.5 mm), protrusion of the mandibular incisors (IMPA +2.0 degrees, OLp-L1 +2.7 mm), and a correction of the dental Class II malocclusion (OLp-L6 +3.5 mm). "
03/01/2004 - "These entities summarize the clinical features of a patient's condition with a quantifiable, objective list of target disorders that represent the common elements of an orthodontic diagnosis: overjet, overbite, anterior open bite, lateral open bite, crowding, occlusion, lingual posterior crossbite, buccal posterior crossbite, ANB angle, IMPA, and SN-GoGn angle. "
4. OxygenIBA
5. Guanosine Diphosphate (GDP)IBA
6. 1-phenyl-3,3-dimethyltriazene (PDT)IBA
7. Myosin Type I (Myosin IA)IBA
8. Myosins (Myosin)IBA
9. AlloysIBA
10. TitaniumIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Functional Orthodontic Appliances (Herbst Appliance)
2. Palatal Expansion Technique
3. Activator Appliances (Function Activator)
4. Orthodontics
03/01/2010 - "The PAR index is clinically useful to evaluate malocclusion, and the perception of treatment needs was significantly greater when the maxillary protrusion cast had a PAR index of more than 20 and overjet above 5.0 mm. Perceived needs for orthodontic treatment for maxillary protrusion changed with increasing experience and skills in dentistry and orthodontics."
09/01/2007 - "When combined with orthodontics, selective periodontal decortication has been shown to be clinically effective in eliminating severe malocclusions three to four times more rapidly than conventional orthodontic treatment. "
01/01/1997 - "Overall, orthodontics was a readily accepted, cost-effective aspect of treatment that substantially improved the esthetics and function of patients with moderate to severe CPE malocclusion."
04/01/2015 - "Among important areas for attention identified were need for multiscale and multispecies modeling and experimentation for interspecies translation of results; large-scale collaborative efforts within the profession to address the need for adequate sample sizes for future genetic studies of complex traits such as malocclusion; a consortium approach to improve new technologies such as intra-oral scanning and 3D imaging by establishing standards; and harnessing the growing body of knowledge about bone biology for application in orthodontics. "
04/01/2014 - "The purpose of this study was to compare stability after mandibular setback surgery in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion with and without presurgical orthodontics. "
5. Osteotomy