|4.||Kidney Calculi (Kidney Stone)
|1.||Thongboonkerd, Visith: 20 articles (08/2013 - 12/2005)|
|2.||Lieske, John C: 19 articles (10/2015 - 10/2004)|
|3.||Coe, Fredric L: 19 articles (08/2013 - 03/2002)|
|4.||Curhan, Gary C: 18 articles (04/2015 - 05/2003)|
|5.||Goldfarb, David S: 17 articles (08/2015 - 03/2005)|
|6.||Assimos, Dean G: 16 articles (12/2015 - 10/2004)|
|7.||Asplin, John R: 14 articles (01/2013 - 03/2002)|
|8.||Lingeman, James E: 13 articles (07/2015 - 07/2002)|
|9.||Khan, Saeed R: 12 articles (09/2015 - 12/2002)|
|10.||Taylor, Eric N: 12 articles (04/2015 - 01/2004)|
03/01/1996 - "We therefore, conclude that high fiber diet may be beneficial in reducing the incidence of kidney stones of calcium origin."
07/01/2013 - "Association studies in humans suggest protective effects of UMOD against calcium-containing kidney stones. "
08/01/2011 - "Paradoxically, CKD can be protective against forming kidney stones because of the substantial reduction in urine calcium excretion. "
07/01/2015 - "Re: Editorial Comment on Randomized and Double-Blinded Clinical Trial of the Safety and Calcium Kidney Stone Dissolving Efficacy of Lapis Judaicus: D. "
03/01/2015 - "Re: Randomized and double-blinded clinical trial of the safety and calcium kidney stone dissolving efficacy of Lapis judaicus."
03/01/2001 - "CONCLUSION/APPLICATIONS: Balanced diets containing moderate amounts of either beef or plant protein are equally effective in reducing calcium oxalate kidney stone risk based on changes in urinary composition."
08/01/2015 - "Animal and human studies have provided compelling evidence that colonization of the intestine with Oxalobacter formigenes reduces urinary oxalate excretion and lowers the risk of forming calcium oxalate kidney stones. "
06/01/2014 - "The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of some herbal extracts, all previously identified in published studies as influencing kidney stone formation, on the crystallization characteristics of calcium oxalate (CaOx) in synthetic urine (SU). "
01/01/2013 - "Renal papillary calcification and the development of calcium oxalate monohydrate papillary renal calculi: a case series study."
01/01/2012 - "This study aims to investigate the adhesion characteristics between submicron calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD) with a size of 150 ± 50 nm and African green monkey kidney epithelial cells (Vero cells) before and after damage, and to discuss the mechanism of kidney stone formation. "
|3.||Citric Acid (Citrate)FDA LinkGeneric
09/01/2011 - "Oral citrate supplements have been shown to decrease kidney stone recurrence rates in both laboratory and clinical studies. "
03/01/2000 - "Last but not least, more recent studies have shown that the consumption of high quantities of fruits and vegetables may protect against kidney stone formation, since it raises urinary excretion of citrate, an important inhibitor of crystallization. "
01/01/1989 - "Studies on citrate metabolism in normal subjects and kidney stone patients."
03/25/2015 - "Optimal urine dilution and supplementation with inhibitors of kidney stone formation (citrate) are required. "
02/01/2014 - "Urinary citrate excretion did not significantly correlate with kidney stone composition in children."
|4.||Potassium CitrateFDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1986 - "The present study was undertaken to assess the response to one week of oral potassium citrate therapy (60 mEq/day), with respect to urinary risk factors for kidney stones, in a private practice setting. "
01/01/2015 - "Addition of potassium citrate reduced risk of kidney-stones. "
01/01/2015 - "In 167 patients treated with potassium-citrate, one developed kidney-stones, compared with six of 123 without potassium-citrate treatment (relative risk = 8.1). "
05/01/2012 - "A comparative pilot study of litholytic properties of Celosia argental (Sitivaraka) versus potassium citrate in renal calculus disease."
05/01/2010 - "Litholytic property of Kulattha (Dolichous biflorus) vs potassium citrate in renal calculus disease: a comparative study."
|5.||Uric Acid (Urate)IBA
11/06/2015 - "Previous studies demonstrated a higher risk of CKD in persons with a history of kidney stones, but these studies examined mostly white populations and did not evaluate important potential interactions such as race and plasma uric acid. "
01/01/1981 - "In a study of renal calculi, performed with scanning electronic microscope, Edax, element mapping and semiquantitative analysis with a Nova 2 computer, we have found, among the urates, ratios K/Na from 0.016, in the almost pure monosodium urate stones, to 1.856 in other areas. "
12/01/2015 - "Re: Nomogram to Predict Uric Acid Kidney Stones Based on Patient's Age, BMI and 24-Hour Urine Profiles: A Multicentre Validation."
03/01/2015 - "We performed a multicentre validation of a nomogram to predict uric acid kidney stones in two populations. "
03/01/2015 - "Nomogram to predict uric acid kidney stones based on patient's age, BMI and 24-hour urine profiles: A multicentre validation."
01/01/2013 - "In prospective observational studies, diets rich in magnesium were associated with a lower risk of kidney stone formation in men. "
05/01/2014 - "High intakes of fresh fruit, fibre from wholegrain cereals and magnesium were also associated with a lower risk of kidney stone formation. "
12/01/2013 - "Magnesium (Mg(2+)) has been shown to be a kidney stone inhibitor; however, the exact mechanism of its effect is unknown. "
07/15/1999 - "In conclusion, the authors observed that magnesium intake and beer consumption were inversely associated and fiber intake was directly associated with risk of kidney stones."
07/15/1999 - "After data were controlled for possible confounders, the relative risk of kidney stones for men in the highest quartile of magnesium intake was 0.52 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.32-0.85) as compared with men in the lowest quartile. "
05/05/1950 - "Radioactive phosphorus (P32) used to study phosphate exchange between urine in the renal pelvis and renal calculi containing phosphate."
02/01/2000 - "Fifteen of the 20 kidneys from the 10 rats fed the high-phosphorus diet had radiographic evidence of kidney stone formation, whereas no kidneys from the rats fed either the medium- or low-phosphorus diet developed kidney stones. "
08/01/1958 - "A study of the renal excretion of calcium and phosphorus in patients with renal calculi."
01/01/1958 - "A study of the renal excretion of calcium and phosphorus in patients with renal calculi."
10/01/1995 - "Re-evaluation of the "week-end effect" data: possible role of urinary copper and phosphorus in the pathogenesis of renal calculi."
01/01/2013 - "Observational studies have shown a positive and independent association between sodium intake and the formation of new kidney stones. "
05/01/1959 - "Sodium losing nephropathy in the urological patient: presentation of a case associated with renal calculus disease; differential diagnosis and therapy."
08/01/2012 - "Despite low urine volumes resulting from extracellular fluid volume depletion and hypocitraturia resulting from hypokalemia, both of which would tend to favor the formation of kidney stones, most patients with eating disorders are likely to be protected from stone formation by the hypocalciuric effect of extracellular fluid volume depletion and increased proximal tubular sodium reabsorption. "
09/01/2001 - "The study was performed to compare the efficacy of a herbal plant, Orthosiphon grandiflorus (OG), and the drug sodium potassium citrate (SPC) in treatment of renal calculi. "
09/01/2001 - "A long-term study on the efficacy of a herbal plant, Orthosiphon grandiflorus, and sodium potassium citrate in renal calculi treatment."
06/21/2011 - "Mechanism study suggested that the formation of the multilayer complex in artificial urine was mainly attributed to the intermolecular hydrogen bonding between M and CA. The work provides direct insight into the dynamic interaction between M and CA under physiological conditions and would be helpful for the research of kidney stones induced by melamine contamination."
12/01/2012 - "The objective of this study is to understand pathogenesis of melamine-related kidney stone formation. "
03/01/2011 - "This study also provides useful information on establishing a MS-based platform for rapid analysis of the melamine-induced human kidney stones at molecular levels."
01/01/2014 - "Melamine was recently identified as a risk factor for renal calculi following the milk powder contamination in China. "
12/01/2012 - "Our findings are important for understanding pathogenesis of melamine-related kidney stone formation and estimating its clinical prognosis."
|10.||Vitamin DFDA LinkGeneric
09/01/2014 - "Multivariate logistic regression was applied to assess the association between vitamin D status and kidney stones. "
09/01/2014 - "We used GrassrootsHealth data to examine the relationship between vitamin D status and kidney stone incidence. "
09/01/2014 - "There is a concern about increasing kidney stone risk with vitamin D supplementation. "
03/01/2014 - "Re: vitamin D status in patients with recurrent kidney stones."
07/01/2013 - "Vitamin D and kidney stone disease."
|1.||Lithotripsy (Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy)
01/01/1991 - "We describe these methods, demonstrate a new process by which the reflection and transmission images can be combined to produce a new image of superior quality, and demonstrate the applicability of this technique to improved visualization of kidney stones, with potential application to lithotripsy."
05/01/2006 - "Treatment of kidney stones: current lithotripsy devices are proving less effective in some cases."
07/01/2003 - "Lithotripsy is a common effective treatment for kidney stones. "
07/01/2015 - "A prospective randomized study was performed comparing miniperc and shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) for treatment of radiopaque 1 to 2 cm lower caliceal renal calculi in children to evaluate safety and efficacy of these procedures. "
11/01/2014 - "We present the efficacy of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) therapy administered with sedoanalgesia in infants with kidney stones. "
05/01/2011 - "F-URS with Holmium Laser is a very effective and safe technique in treating kidney stone. "
07/01/2010 - "From November 2006 to December 2007, 60 patients with complicated renal calculi were treated with PCNL, where an F24 standard renal access tract was established by percutaneous renal puncture under the guidance of B-mode ultrasound, and stones were fragmented and cleared by high-power holmium laser in combination with ultrasound under an F20.8 nephroscope. "
05/01/2015 - "A total of 108 renal calculi with flexible ureteroscopy and holmium laser treatment were retrospectively analyzed. "
04/01/2014 - "A novel paraboloid intracorporeal lithotripter: computer aided design analysis and in vitro comparison with holmium laser for large renal calculi."
05/01/2011 - "We prospectively evaluated 101 patients (103 kidney units) with kidney stone between 2 and 3 cm, who underwent flexible ureteroscopy (F-URS) with Holmium Laser. "
03/01/2004 - "The double-deflection ureteroscope should be beneficial in the management of difficult-to-treat lower-pole renal calculi and may allow some patients who would have required percutaneous nephrolithotomy to undergo ureteroscopic management of their stone disease."
06/01/2015 - "One-stage clearance rate for renal calculi was 21/23 (91.3%), leaving two cases for second-stage operation of flexible ureteroscope lithotomy. "
10/01/2014 - "Nevertheless, kidney stone fragmentation and direct removal of fragments require many passages of the ureteroscope, is often time-consuming, and may be very difficult through anatomical and technical factors. "
08/01/2012 - "Ureterorenoscopy is performed with flexible, small caliber ureteroscopes which even allow treatment of renal calculi under analgosedation within short time periods. "
01/01/2012 - "140 patients with kidney stones were randomised to be scoped with either an old-generation fibre-optic flexible ureteroscope (DUR-8, Elite, ACMI; distal tip diameter = 6.75 Fr) or a new-generation digital LCD flexible ureteroscope (Invisio D-URD flexible ureteroscope; distal tip diameter = 8.7 Fr). "
12/30/1990 - "The extraction of the larger kidney stones can be helped with stent put up previously, nephrostome or repeated ESWL. "
10/01/1990 - "This study suggests that use of an indwelling ureteral stent may not contribute to the higher rate of being free of stones after the treatment of small to medium sized renal calculi, and that stents should be removed or changed early."
01/01/2016 - "Ureteral stents are involved in many procedures in urology and particularly kidney stone treatments. "
11/01/2012 - "This information will aid in the optimal stent selection for patients undergoing treatment of renal calculi and followed up with DECT."
01/01/2012 - "Our aim was to evaluate the outcome of ESWL for kidney stones and the use of double-J stent in infants. "
08/01/2001 - "Study on concretions developed around urinary catheters and mechanisms of renal calculi development."
06/01/2015 - "It was seen that distal piece (2 cm in size) of ureter catheter observed at pelvis was found at the parenchyma of left lung on the perioperative fluoroscopy in the patient undergoing PNL for right kidney stone. "
08/01/2008 - "In clinical nephrology, biofilms influence the development of kidney stones and affect dialysis systems, including peritoneal and central venous catheters. "
01/01/2005 - "Patients with a single kidney calculus are good candidates for PNL without previous ureteral catheter insertion."
08/01/2001 - "Encrustations observed on catheters generally exhibited the same composition as the previously developed renal calculi. "