|4.||Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans
|5.||Urinary Tract Infections (Urinary Tract Infection)
|1.||Baskin, Laurence S: 32 articles (12/2015 - 02/2002)|
|2.||Nordenskjöld, Agneta: 18 articles (03/2015 - 10/2004)|
|3.||Li, Qiang: 16 articles (01/2014 - 01/2003)|
|4.||National Birth Defects Prevention Study: 14 articles (09/2014 - 11/2005)|
|5.||Sultan, Charles: 13 articles (12/2015 - 06/2004)|
|6.||Carmichael, Suzan L: 13 articles (05/2015 - 10/2004)|
|7.||Shaw, Gary M: 11 articles (05/2015 - 10/2004)|
|8.||Chen, Wen: 11 articles (02/2011 - 01/2003)|
|9.||Kojima, Yoshiyuki: 10 articles (01/2015 - 03/2002)|
|10.||Ogata, Tsutomu: 10 articles (01/2015 - 12/2006)|
03/01/1984 - "The results of hypospadias repair have improved because of the availability of these more reliable procedures that provide a lower incidence of complications and improved cosmetic appearance."
10/01/2003 - "Proximal division of the urethral plate and application of the Snodgrass procedure to the staged repair of hypospadias have resulted in improved functional and cosmetic results. "
01/01/1992 - "Improved cosmetic results with avoidance of serious complications make this operation ideal for treating distal hypospadias in countries where the circumcised penis is an exception."
12/01/2015 - "This study utilized validated questionnaires to assess the postoperative functional, cosmetic, and psychosocial outcomes of hypospadias repair. "
09/01/2015 - "Few studies of long-term outcome of hypospadias treatment in terms of voiding, surgical complications, sexual functioning, intimate relationships and cosmetic results have been investigated and contrasting results have been obtained so far. "
08/01/2008 - "Re: The efficacy of dihydrotestosterone transdermal gel before primary hypospadias surgery: a prospective, controlled, randomized study."
02/01/2008 - "The efficacy of dihydrotestosterone transdermal gel before primary hypospadias surgery: a prospective, controlled, randomized study."
02/01/2008 - "We sought to evaluate the efficacy of transdermal dihydrotestosterone treatment based on the results of hypospadias repair in children with primary hypospadias. "
09/01/2008 - "In an effort to improve the outcome of hypospadias repair, Kaya et al. performed a prospective, randomized study of transdermal dihydrotestosterone (DHT) gel as a preoperative adjunct to surgery. "
09/01/2008 - "Does administration of transdermal dihydrotestosterone gel before hypospadias repair improve postoperative outcomes?"
|3.||Testosterone (Sustanon)FDA Link
06/01/2015 - "Parenteral testosterone administration before hypospadias repair is beneficial in decreasing complication rates."
10/01/2015 - "Re: The Effect of Parenteral Testosterone Administration prior to Hypospadias Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized and Controlled Study."
06/01/2015 - "The effect of parenteral testosterone administration prior to hypospadias surgery: A prospective, randomized and controlled study."
09/01/2011 - "Role of parenteral testosterone in hypospadias: A study from a teaching hospital in India."
06/01/2011 - "Structural study of prepuce in hypospadias--does topical treatment with testosterone produce alterations in prepuce vascularization?"
|4.||Bupivacaine (Bupivacaine Hydrochloride)FDA LinkGeneric
09/01/2011 - "Comparing caudal and penile nerve blockade using bupivacaine in hypospadias repair surgeries in children."
11/01/1985 - "Bupivacaine induced caudal block as unique anaesthetic procedure in 80 children who underwent surgical correction of hypospadias, resulted of great efficacy and easy employment. "
08/01/1990 - "We studied 24 boys who were randomized to receive caudal epidural anesthesia with 0.33 ml.kg.-1 0.25% bupivacaine either before (group A) or after (group B) Mathieu repair of distal hypospadias. "
02/01/2002 - "This was followed by a prospective, randomised, double-blind controlled trial that has confirmed that double caudal injection of bupivacaine prolonged the duration of pain relief after hypospadias repair. "
09/01/2011 - "This study aimed to compare caudal or penile nerve block using bupivacaine in postoperative pain control in hypospadias repair in children. "
|5.||Morphine (MS Contin)FDA LinkGeneric
11/01/2009 - "We designed a double-blinded, randomized, and placebo-controlled study to compare the efficacy of a low-dose (2 microg x kg(-1)) of intrathecal morphine with placebo for postoperative pain control of children undergoing repair of hypospadias surgery with spinal anesthesia. "
01/01/2007 - "Fast-track concepts, including immediate postoperative feeding, immediate mobilization, and morphine sparing pain treatment, were established for pyeloplasty, appendectomy, bowel anastomosis, fundoplication, hypospadia repair, and full/partial nephrectomy. "
11/01/2009 - "Efficacy of a low-dose spinal morphine with bupivacaine for postoperative analgesia in children undergoing hypospadias repair."
11/01/2009 - "Spinal anesthesia provided by hyperbaric bupivacaine is adequate for distal hypospadias repair in children, but adding 2 microg x kg(-1) intrathecal morphine provides better postoperative pain control when compared to placebo in these children."
02/01/1980 - "[An improved operation for plastic repair of hypospadias: experiences in 190 cases (author's transl)]."
12/01/2011 - "Paediatric urologists, paediatric surgeons, urologists, and plastic surgeons worldwide were invited to participate an anonymous online questionnaire (http://www.hypospadias-center.info). "
03/01/2011 - "The patients were divided into two groups: group 1 (n=14) with primary plastic urethra and group 2 (n=15) with secondary urethroplasty of hypospadia with complication. "
08/01/2010 - "Plastic surgeons should change their hypospadias service. "
08/01/2010 - "In the UK most primary hypospadias surgery in children is performed by paediatric surgeons/urologists and plastic surgeons. "
|7.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
07/01/2014 - "Our findings do not support the routine use of preoperative antibiotics in hypospadias repair."
07/01/2014 - "The role of preoperative prophylactic antibiotics in hypospadias repair."
10/01/2013 - "Our data suggest that prophylactic oral antibiotics may not be needed in cases of stented hypospadias repair. "
10/01/2013 - "Is there a role for prophylactic antibiotics after stented hypospadias repair?"
04/01/2011 - ">85% of responders give antibiotics before open pyeloplasty, after hypospadias repair (when a urethral catheter is left in place), or perioperative or postoperative antibiotics for open neoureterocystostomy or bladder reconstructive surgery. "
|8.||Fibrin Tissue Adhesive (Fibrin Sealant)IBA
10/01/2008 - "In group A, fibrin glue was used as a sealant after hypospadias surgery, whereas in group B, no sealant was used. "
01/01/2007 - "Use of fibrin sealant in hypospadias surgical repair reduces the frequency of postoperative complications."
05/01/1998 - "Postoperative compressive penile dressing using fibrin seal (Tisseel) and tulle gauze for hypospadias repair."
02/01/1992 - "Tisseel (Immuno AG, Vienna, Austria), a fibrin sealant, adhesive and hemostatic agent made up of sterilized human and bovine components, was used in hypospadias repairs. "
02/01/1992 - "Tisseel in hypospadias repair."
|9.||Tissue Adhesives (Tissue Adhesive)IBA
05/01/1980 - "Hypospadias repair with subcutaneous suture and tissue adhesive for surface closure."
10/01/1979 - "Hypospadias repair with subcutaneous suture and tissue adhesive for surface closure."
01/01/1973 - "Hypospadias-repair with histoacrylic tissue adhesive and without indwelling catheter drainage."
10/01/2002 - "Between February 1999 and December 2000 we evaluated prospectively 8 patients who underwent closure of early urethrocutaneous fistula after hypospadias repair using cyanoacrylate based tissue adhesive at our institutions. "
10/01/2002 - "We determine the effectiveness of the tissue adhesive n-butyl cyanoacrylate for early repair of fistula after hypospadias surgery in children. "
09/01/1999 - "The use of a collagen inert matrix appears to be beneficial in patients who have undergone previous hypospadias repair and who may lack sufficient genital skin for reconstruction."
04/01/2011 - "Characterization of the urethral plate and the underlying tissue defined by expression of collagen subtypes and microarchitecture in hypospadias."
10/01/2003 - "We describe our experience with single layered small intestinal submucosa (SIS), a commercially available, acellular, collagen based biomaterial, in the repair of severe chordee as part of a multistage approach to the repair of proximal hypospadias. "
09/01/1999 - "Four patients with a history of hypospadias underwent repeat hypospadias repair using a collagen based inert matrix for urethral reconstruction. "
09/01/1999 - "A novel inert collagen matrix for hypospadias repair."
11/01/2012 - "The complex hypospadias repair technique using lingual mucosal graft method provides good results. "
04/01/2003 - "In this study, the authors describe their experience using buccal mucosal grafts in hypospadias-crippled adult patients. "
01/01/2016 - "Re: Tunneled Buccal Mucosa Tube Grafts for Repair of Proximal Hypospadias: R. "
12/01/2015 - "Two-Stage Repair for Severe Proximal Hypospadias Using Oral Mucosal Grafts: Combination of a Modified Bracka Method and a Modified Byars Flap Method: Should Local Flaps be Used for Urethral Reconstruction in Hypospadias Repair?"
06/01/2015 - "Bladder mucosa grafts were historically used for hypospadias surgical repairs, when preputial or penile skin was unavailable and in cases of prior failed hypospadias repairs. "
02/01/2002 - "A prospective, randomised, double-blind, controlled trial to evaluate efficacy of double-caudal versus single-caudal injection for postoperative analgesia in hypospadias repair was performed. "
02/01/2002 - "Prospective to a randomized double-blind controlled trial to assess efficacy of double caudal analgesia in hypospadias repair."
07/01/2012 - " Penile block provided better analgesia when compared with caudal epidural in children undergoing primary hypospadias repair. "
07/01/2012 - " To evaluate the effect of penile block vs caudal epidural on the quality of analgesia and surgical outcome following hypospadias repair. "
01/01/2012 - "We conducted a retrospective chart analysis for all patients who underwent hypospadias repair with caudal analgesia over a consecutive 3-period at this institution. "
|3.||Male Circumcision (Circumcision)
08/01/2010 - "Immunohistochemical staining for ATF3 in samples from children who underwent repair of hypospadias was significantly greater than in samples from children who underwent elective circumcision (80% vs. 11%, respectively; p<0.05). "
01/01/2013 - "30 circumcised patients and 30 persons without a history of circumcision and hypospadias were enrolled in this study and underwent surgery for hypospadias repair. "
01/01/2013 - "This study was conducted to determine whether or not circumcision prior to hypospadias repair increases the risk of complications. "
08/01/2012 - "The present study enrolled 30 healthy boys (age range 4-11 years, mean age 8.1 ± 1.6) who underwent a standard circumcision procedure, with hypospadias repair in 3 patients. "
09/01/2011 - "We included 61 hypospadias and 85 circumcision cases operated in our clinic between November 2007 and August 2010, for the study. "
07/01/1996 - "Sutures with rapid or intermediate absorption rates provide the best results for hypospadias surgery. "
06/01/2013 - "Our study examined the tensile and breaking strength as well as rate of degradation for four types of absorbable suture now commonly used for hypospadias repairs in the UK. "
01/01/2012 - "The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of different suture threads on histological parameters of the penis and urethra following hypospadias repair in rats. "
01/01/2012 - "Effects of different suture materials used for the repair of hypospadias: a stereological study in a rat model."
05/01/2004 - "On univariate analysis complications were significantly higher with running than interrupted sutures, in repairs in the first 2 years of the study, in patients with posterior hypospadias, and in those with no neourethral coverage. "
03/01/2015 - "The complication rate for infants undergoing distal hypospadias repair is low, does not appear to be significantly increased by forgoing a postoperative urethral stent. "
03/01/2015 - "To review our experience with infants undergoing distal hypospadias repair without a postoperative stent to determine if an unacceptable complication rate might justify its use. "
03/01/2015 - "Distal hypospadias repair in infants without a postoperative stent."
10/01/2013 - "The groups were well matched for age, hypospadias characteristics, surgical technique and stent duration. "
08/01/2013 - "Urethral stent in hypospadias repair."