|2.||Abdominal Pain (Pain, Abdominal)
|4.||Bacterial Infections (Bacterial Infection)
|1.||Rockey, Don C: 5 articles (10/2013 - 04/2005)|
|2.||Nguyen, Ninh T: 4 articles (08/2005 - 06/2002)|
|3.||Kuipers, Ernst J: 3 articles (10/2015 - 06/2013)|
|4.||Gralnek, Ian M: 3 articles (10/2015 - 01/2007)|
|5.||Wu, Keng-Liang: 3 articles (01/2013 - 11/2010)|
|6.||Chuah, Seng-Kee: 3 articles (01/2013 - 11/2010)|
|7.||Kim, Jae Kwang: 3 articles (01/2012 - 10/2008)|
|8.||Kim, Jin Il: 3 articles (01/2012 - 10/2008)|
|9.||Cheung, Dae Young: 3 articles (01/2012 - 10/2008)|
|10.||Wilson, Samuel E: 3 articles (08/2005 - 01/2004)|
06/01/1981 - "The results obtained suggest that this regimen, that is, primary vasopressin infusion with embolization reserved for infusion failures or contraindications, is more effective for control of arterial gastrointestinal hemorrhage than the use of either method alone. "
04/01/1976 - "Efficacy of selective splanchnic arteriography and vasopressin perfusion in diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
07/01/1988 - "Intravenous vasopressin and gastrointestinal hemorrhage in children."
04/01/1987 - "Angiographic treatment of gastrointestinal hemorrhage: comparison of vasopressin infusion and embolization."
05/01/1986 - "The results of selective intraarterial vasopressin-infusion therapy and embolization therapy were compared in two groups of patients with major gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
|2.||Cimetidine (Biomet)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/2004 - "Tarry stool was noted on the second day of admission, before the definitive diagnosis of KD was made, and cimetidine was given to treat the gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
06/01/1985 - "[Cimetidine in the treatment of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage after urological operations: report of 10 cases]."
03/01/1985 - "Limited pharmacokinetic data have been reported concerning the use of cimetidine in the neonate for the management of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
01/01/1985 - "The incidence of gastrointestinal hemorrhage was not reduced in the cimetidine-treated patients. "
07/01/1982 - "The incidence of gastrointestinal hemorrhage was significantly reduced in the cimetidine-treated patients (P less than 0.05). "
|3.||Ranitidine (Zantac)FDA LinkGeneric
12/01/1991 - "Changes in gastric secretion and lowered incidence of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage after Ranitidine therapy suggest that Ranitidine may be effective in preventing upper gastrointestinal tract hemorrhage following thermal injury."
11/01/1993 - "Patients presenting because of major upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage from peptic ulcer and whose ulcers healed in a study in which they were randomized to receive ranitidine alone or triple therapy plus ranitidine were followed up regularly with endoscopy. "
08/01/1992 - "Prophylaxis with almagate, ranitidine, or sucralfate reduces the occurrence rate of clinically important gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
11/15/1984 - "[Comparative study of somatostatin and ranitidine in upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents]."
08/01/1992 - "To determine the occurrence of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in critically ill children, and the efficacy of prophylaxis with almagate (antacid), ranitidine, and sucralfate. "
10/01/1985 - "Hematochezia and the false negative Meckel's scan: a continued need for barium studies."
03/01/1980 - "Normal barium studies and endoscopy should heighten suspicion in patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
02/23/1978 - "A case of recurrent gastrointestinal hemorrhage with nondiagnostic conventional barium X-ray and endoscopic studies is described. "
04/01/1978 - "Acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage: the changing role of barium examinations."
07/01/1988 - "The lesion needs to be considered in the clinical setting of the patient with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, a paucity of symptoms, and negative findings on barium studies, endoscopy, and exploratory laparotomy."
|5.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
08/01/2002 - "Prophylactic antibiotics in cirrhotics with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage: a prospective, controlled trial."
01/01/2012 - "Two weeks into his course of antibiotics, the patient developed hematochezia and was found to have an obstructive colonic malignancy. "
08/06/2015 - "Type 1 HRS can be prevented in some conditions such as albumin infusion in SBP, prophylactic antibiotics for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, albumin replacement after large volume paracentesis in cirrhotic patients with massive ascites. "
08/01/2014 - "After a prolonged course of hematochezia despite i.v. antibiotics, colonoscopy was performed that showed inflammation in the rectosigmoid area. "
10/01/2013 - "Recent reductions in mortality after acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage among patients with cirrhosis have been attributed to early and aggressive use of guideline-recommended pharmacologic agents, antibiotics, and endoscopic therapy. "
|6.||Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1998 - "Prophylactic intestinal decontamination with oral ciprofloxacin is effective in the prevention of bacterial infections in patients with cirrhosis who were suffering from acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
08/01/2005 - "Pouchitis was defined as change of bowel habit, change in stool consistency, hematochezia or abdominal pain, febrile sensation and/or low-grade fever improved by metronidazole or ciprofloxacin without evidence of infectious disease and sphincter damage. "
09/01/2011 - "The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guidelines recommend that antibiotic prophylaxis should be instituted in any patient with cirrhosis and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and that oral norfloxacin, intravenous ciprofloxacin, and ceftriaxone are preferable. "
01/01/2013 - "Antibiotic prophylaxis with norfloxacin, intravenous ciprofloxacin, or ceftriaxone has been recommended for cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage but little is known about intravenous cefazolin. "
12/18/1987 - "Antacids are also effective in decreasing the incidence of stress-related gastrointestinal hemorrhage, but they are inconvenient and expensive to administer. "
01/01/1982 - "The incidence of gastrointestinal hemorrhage can be reduced with prophylactic antacids. "
07/01/2010 - "Between visits, patients were asked to report to the outpatient clinic if they had persistent ulcer or GI symptoms (dyspepsia, vomiting, nausea, heartburn, or acid regurgitation) not relieved by antacids for 1 week, or to the emergency department if they had evidence of GI bleeding or ulcer complications (melena, hematemesis, hematochezia, or sudden onset of severe epigastric pain). "
12/18/1987 - "Medical management of gastrointestinal hemorrhage includes treatment with the histamine (H2)-receptor antagonists, antacids, or both. "
05/01/1982 - "The authors conclude that prophylactic therapy (cimetidine or antacids) given without titration is associated with a lower frequency of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage than when no medication is given. "
|8.||Famotidine (Pepcid)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2012 - "In one RCT, no statistically significant differences for gastrointestinal hemorrhage requiring admission to hospital (p = 0.14) or blood transfusion (p = 0.29) were observed between the group receiving concomitant famotidine and ASA and the group receiving concomitant placebo and ASA. "
01/01/1987 - "Clinical benefits of intravenously administered famotidine in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage caused by peptic ulcer and stress ulcer disease."
02/01/1994 - "We retrospectively investigated the efficacy of high dose omeprazole compared to a combined therapy of famotidine, pirenzepine and antacid for acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (AUGIH) also adjuvant to endoscopic injection therapy if indicated. "
02/01/1994 - "[High-dose omeprazole versus famotidine, pirenzepine and antacid in therapy of acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in a retrospective comparison]."
07/01/1987 - "The effects of three of the most widely used histamine H2-receptor antagonists, cimetidine, ranitidine and famotidine, on liver cell growth were studied in vitro using adult rat hepatocytes in primary culture, because these antagonists are commonly given to patients with hepatic cirrhosis or fulminant hepatic failure for protection against peptic ulcers and gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
01/01/1997 - "Prophylactic selective intestinal decontamination with oral norfloxacin is extremely useful in preventing SBP in patients that are at high risk for developing SBP, such as hospitalized cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage or low ascitic fluid total protein. "
10/01/1992 - "To assess the efficacy of selective intestinal decontamination with norfloxacin in the prevention of bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage, 119 patients were included in a prospective randomized study. "
10/01/2006 - "Oral norfloxacin is the standard of therapy in the prophylaxis of bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
10/01/1992 - "The results show that selective intestinal decontamination with norfloxacin is useful in preventing bacterial infections in cirrhotics with gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
10/01/1992 - "Norfloxacin prevents bacterial infection in cirrhotics with gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
|10.||Somatostatin (Somatotropin Release-Inhibiting Factor)IBA
01/01/1985 - "Our studies provide one possible explanation for somatostatin's apparent effectiveness in the control of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
01/01/1999 - "Somatostatin for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and pancreatic surgery. "
03/01/1985 - "Somatostatin has been reported to control upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, prevent restraint stress-induced gastric ulcerations, and inhibit gastric acid secretion. "
10/08/1982 - "[Treatment of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage with somatostatin]."
10/08/1982 - "[Somatostatin and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
07/01/1980 - "Investigations of the hemostatic efficacy of the thermocoagulation of gastrointestinal hemorrhages by convective heat transfer via a miniature endoscopic hot gas probe."
06/25/1987 - "I performed a prospective controlled trial of endoscopic multipolar electrocoagulation for active upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
06/01/1991 - "[A modified monopolar electrocoagulation probe for endoscopic treatment of gastrointestinal hemorrhage]."
06/25/1987 - "I conclude that multipolar electrocoagulation markedly improves the hospital course in patients with major, nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
01/01/1985 - "[Endoscopic electrocoagulation for upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage]."
06/01/1996 - "Use of a water enema to facilitate localization of gastrointestinal hemorrhage during Tc-99m labeled RBC scintigraphy."
03/01/1995 - "Of these 20 patients, four (20%) had evidence of hematochezia temporally related to the use of the enemas. "
11/01/2013 - "However, emergent CFS after an enema only seems to be useful in patients with severe hematochezia or if the bleeding focus can be presumed."
04/01/1978 - "Both the retrograde and antegrade small bowel enemas are useful in detecting obscure small bowel bleeding lesions that occasionally present as a massive lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
12/01/2013 - "The classic triad of abdominal pain, hematochezia, and palpable abdominal mass is seen in a few patients.• Early diagnosis of intussusception depends on a high level of clinical suspicion in any child with non specific abdominal findings followed by appropriate radiographic or ultrasonographic evaluation and confirmation with a contrast enema.• Abdominal radiography, although an appropriate component of the initial workup for gastrointestinal symptoms, lacks the sensitivity to reliably exclude the presence of intussusception.• Because ultrasonography is a safe, sensitive, and specific test for the diagnosis of intussusceptions, it should be performed early whenever there is clinical suspicion of intussusception.• Contrast enema is the gold standard for diagnosis and first-line treatment of intussusception. "
08/01/2013 - "Data were retrospectively collected for consecutive patients who had catheter angiography for major upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage from May 2008 to November 2010 (n = 40). "
10/01/2011 - "Coupled with advanced catheter technology, the two may be used to manage and treat the patient with acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
10/01/2011 - "The use of catheter-based techniques to treat upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage has evolved considerably over the past few decades. "
01/01/2000 - "[Acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage as a complication of hepatic artery port catheter]."
09/01/1983 - "Approximately 1 yr later, gastrointestinal hemorrhage recurred which was localized to the site of the previous needle catheter jejeunostomy. "
02/01/2002 - "Endoscopic band ligation: alternative treatment method in nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
04/01/2001 - "Gastrointestinal hemorrhage was induced by sectioning a first order branch of the ileocolic vein in 38 cirrhotic rats (common bile duct ligation and occlusion). "
11/01/1998 - "Endoscopic ligation for non-esophageal variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage."
11/01/1998 - "Our findings suggest that endoscopic ligation is an easy and effective method of treatment for patients with gastrointestinal hemorrhage not from esophageal varices, and is safe even in patients with poor general health."
11/01/1998 - "Endoscopic ligation can be used for bleeding lesions in non-fibrotic tissue; however, only small numbers of patients with non-esophageal variceal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage have been treated in this way. "
06/01/2010 - "Splenectomy was performed in 18 patients mainly due to gastrointestinal hemorrhage. "
05/01/2014 - "Objective : To evaluate the clinical outcome of emergency and elective operation of splenectomy with periesophagogastric devascularization in treating upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage resulted from portal hypertension. "
06/01/1998 - "Upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage secondary to splenic vein thrombosis is a curable form of localized portal hypertension when treated with splenectomy. "
09/01/1989 - "Splenosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients who have experienced prior splenic trauma or splenectomy."
08/01/1977 - "These associated lesions include: (1) pseudoaneurysms, probably the most common cause of major gastrointestinal hemorrhage in pseudocyst patients; (2) pancreatic carcinoma, a possible etiologic factor leading to formation of the pseudocyst; (3) benign or malignant cystadenomas which mimic pseudocysts clinically but can be usually identified arteriographically by prominant neovascularity; and (4) splenic vein obstruction which can produce extrahepatic portal hypertension and necessitate splenectomy. "