|4.||Muscle Spasticity (Spastic)
|1.||Goldwater, Paul N: 4 articles (02/2012 - 03/2006)|
|2.||Haan, Eric A: 4 articles (02/2012 - 03/2006)|
|3.||Gibson, Catherine S: 4 articles (02/2012 - 03/2006)|
|4.||Sato, Y: 4 articles (07/2001 - 01/2000)|
|5.||Bottini, Gabriella: 3 articles (12/2014 - 01/2003)|
|6.||Campistol, Jaume: 3 articles (07/2014 - 04/2008)|
|7.||Fons, Carmen: 3 articles (07/2014 - 04/2008)|
|8.||Fatone, Stefania: 3 articles (04/2014 - 01/2007)|
|9.||Graham, H Kerr: 3 articles (05/2012 - 01/2010)|
|10.||Jenkinson, Paul M: 3 articles (10/2010 - 01/2009)|
|1.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
06/01/2007 - "How do we get better outcome with botulinum toxin in the treatment of children with spastic hemiplegia?"
10/01/2010 - "We injected five patients with hemiplegia with botulinum toxin using our previously reported inferior approach, which is easy, safe and effective. "
06/01/2012 - "The improvement in the median somatosensory evoked potentials following botulinum toxin A treatment suggests that central somatosensory patterns in hemiplegia can be modified by peripheral inputs."
04/01/2010 - "Effect of addition of botulinum toxin-A to standardized therapy for dynamic manual skills measured with kinematic aiming tasks in children with spastic hemiplegia."
03/01/2009 - "Botulinum toxin-a in children with congenital spastic hemiplegia does not improve upper extremity motor-related function over rehabilitation alone: a randomized controlled trial."
|2.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
11/01/2009 - "Robot-mediated and clinical scales evaluation after upper limb botulinum toxin type A injection in children with hemiplegia."
11/01/2001 - "The effect of botulinum toxin type A on the functional ability of the child with spastic hemiplegia a randomized controlled trial."
09/01/2000 - "In a randomized, controlled, single-blind trial, to test the hypothesis that botulinum-A toxin (BTA) injections into the upper extremity of children with spastic hemiplegia improve upper extremity function. "
11/01/2001 - "Botulinum toxin type A injections in the spastic upper extremity of children with hemiplegia: child characteristics that predict a positive outcome."
01/01/2002 - "Our results have demonstrated that botulinum toxin type A is effective in the management of patients with spasticity due to stroke-related hemiplegia, transverse myelitis and multiple sclerosis, without major adverse effects."
|3.||Naloxone (Narcan)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/1986 - "In another group of 6 dogs with chronic right hemiplegia, naloxone proved passably effective in improving the hemiplegia. "
01/01/1992 - "We report the repeated improvement in neurological function following naloxone administration in a patient who developed acute hemiplegia after an intracranial neurological procedure. "
01/01/1986 - "In all cats with neurological deficits, including hemiplegia or severe hemiparesis, 2 mg/kg naloxone administered intravenously 4 h after the ischemic lesion produced a reversal of neurological symptoms. "
01/09/1984 - "Naloxone administered intravenously consistently reversed hemiparesis and hemiplegia in all baboons for as long as they lived (4 h to 8 days postocclusion). "
01/01/1982 - "Intravenous (i.v.) injection of naloxone produced the same transient reversal of hemiplegia in 2 patients with neurologic deficit from cerebral ischemia. "
|4.||Dopamine (Intropin)FDA LinkGeneric
05/01/1981 - "Following successful clipping of the aneurysm she developed a left hemiplegia associated with focal cerebral vasospasm, which markedly improved when systemic blood pressure was raised with intravenous dopamine infusion. "
10/01/1978 - "Treatment of aneurysmal hemiplegia with dopamine and mannitol."
02/01/2004 - "While an administration of anti-coagulant, diuretics, and dopamine relieved his respiratory distress and right hemiplegia, severe motor aphasia persisted. "
08/01/2003 - "Improvement in walking speed in poststroke spastic hemiplegia after intrathecal baclofen therapy: a preliminary study."
05/01/2003 - "To determine whether leg muscle stiffness is measurably reduced after intrathecal baclofen (ITB) in subjects with spastic hemiplegia. "
05/01/2003 - "Intrathecal baclofen in subjects with spastic hemiplegia: assessment of the antispastic effect during gait."
11/01/1977 - "[Lioresal in the treatment of hemiplegia. "
01/01/2008 - "Use of intrathecal baclofen in a pediatric cerebral palsy patient with refractory hemiplegia to maintain orthopaedic surgery gains."
|6.||Propranolol (Inderal)FDA LinkGeneric
09/01/1980 - "Treatment with propranolol and pizotyline lessened the number of episodes of hemiplegia and improved the tremor. "
03/01/2001 - "This study used a within-subject, dose-response design to determine whether prazosin (PRAZ), an alpha1-NA antagonist, or propranolol (PROP), a beta-NA antagonist, would continue to reinstate hemiplegia over time after recovery from weight-drop traumatic brain injury (TBI). "
|7.||Norepinephrine (Noradrenaline)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2004 - "Short-term acute treatment combining Physical Therapy (PT) with drugs increasing noradrenaline (NA) levels enhances recovery of hemiplegia in both laboratory studies and clinical trials which also report improved aphasia recovery. "
03/01/2001 - "A single dose of an alpha1-noradrenergic antagonist transiently reinstates hemiplegia after recovery from brain injury, which suggests that noradrenaline (NA) is required to maintain recovery. "
12/01/2014 - "During the with-obstacles condition, the oxygen uptakes of the healthy subjects increased and mean walking speed decreased, whereas, in the subjects with hemiplegia, only mean walking speed decreased."
10/01/2000 - "Changes in cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral oxygen volume (COV) in the prefrontal region sensed by a noninvasive NIRS device placed midforehead in healthy volunteers or on the impaired side in patients with hemiplegia. "
09/01/1996 - "To investigate whether the noninvasive determination of transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcO2) can be used to evaluate the degree of hemiplegia, we measured TcO2 before and after a 2-mo rehabilitation course in 12 patients with hemiplegia caused by cerebrovascular diseases. "
09/01/1996 - "Assessment of upper limb function in hemiplegia by measuring transcutaneous oxygen tension."
01/07/1984 - "Oxygen treatment may improve cerebral blood flow and oxygenation and have a useful role in the early management of patients with a dense hemiplegia."
|9.||Tissue Plasminogen Activator (Alteplase)FDA Link
10/01/2007 - "He was given intravenous tissue-plasminogen activator (t-PA) a few hours after arrival, and his hemiplegia was improved on the following day. "
10/12/2012 - "The third patient with a smallersized VBD, had left hemiplegia and received intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator within 3 h, totally recovered with no lesions detected on brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). "
10/25/2003 - "A 48-year-old woman with right-sided hemiplegia by embolic occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery was treated with alteplase. "
09/01/2012 - "We describe the outcome of patients with ischaemic stroke presenting with hemiplegia and treated with intravenous alteplase (tPA). "
02/01/2008 - "This paper describes the case of a 32-year-old man presenting with dense right hemiplegia and global aphasia caused by an acute left middle cerebral artery infarct that underwent successful endovascular therapy after being determined ineligible for intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. "
|10.||Heparin (Liquaemin)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/1986 - "To help reduce the risk of hemiplegia (the most serious complication of surgery) a meticulous surgical technique is necessary and heparin, intraluminal shunting and facilities for arterial repair and grafting must be at hand."
12/01/1996 - "A 65-year-old man had a right hemiplegia during a left carotid endarterectomy that was caused by premature reversal of heparin, which resulted in thrombosis of his left anterior cerebral artery. "
11/01/1998 - "The efficacy of standard heparin or low molecular weight heparin for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis is clearly demonstrated for patients with recent myocardial infarction, ischaemic stroke with hemiplegia or severe pulmonary sepsis with lung failure. "
05/01/2010 - "After admission administration of aspirin, heparin, atorvastatin and t-PA were started, but stereotyped episodes of dysarthria and the right hemiplegia occurred repeatedly. "
|1.||Orthotic Devices (Orthosis)
11/01/1998 - "Any functional ankle-foot orthosis ameliorates the gait pattern in patients with spastic hemiplegia, but a spring type of orthosis renders the gait more dynamic and best corrects the pathology of gait."
11/01/2013 - "[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in mechanical energy due to continuous use of a plantar flexion resistive ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) of subjects with chronic hemiplegia. "
01/01/2008 - "Effect of dynamic orthoses on gait: a retrospective control study in children with hemiplegia."
12/01/2005 - "The purpose of the present study was to develop an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) that satisfies the requirements for an AFO for patients with hemiplegia as determined in a previous study. "
10/01/2002 - "The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of three different ankle foot orthoses (AFO) configurations on the function and kinematics of stair locomotion in children with spastic hemiplegia. "
01/01/2012 - "Electronic searching of the literature identified major studies examining the effects of hemiplegia on rehabilitation following amputation. "
06/01/1989 - "This study reviews the rehabilitation outcomes of 46 patients with the dual disability of hemiplegia and amputation. "
09/01/1988 - "Forty-seven patients were included in the study; 40 of the 47 had an amputation on the side of the hemiplegia, which represented a statistically significant relationship (chi 2 = 5.00, p less than 0.05). "
12/01/2014 - "Sharing multisensory body space with others can be observed in patients with structurally altered bodies (amputations, congenital absence of limbs), with altered functionality after hemiplegia, such as denial of limb ownership (somatoparaphrenia) and with alterations in bodily self-consciousness on the level of the entire body (e.g. "
01/01/2012 - "• Predictive factors associated with greater success include less severe hemiplegia, ipsilateral hemiplegia, transtibial level of amputation and absence of impaired mental function."
09/01/2000 - "This study supports the effectiveness of BTA injections to improve upper extremity function of children with hemiplegia who have at least moderate spasticity."
01/01/2007 - "In this nested case-control design, 30 children (mean age 6y 11mo [SD 1y 5mo]; 21 males, nine females; 19 with hemiplegia, 11 with diplegia) were treated according to best practice guidelines in paediatric orthopaedics, including BTX-A injections. "
01/01/1951 - "[Hemiplegia after prophylactic injections of antitetanus serum]."
11/01/2007 - "BTX-A was not linked to adverse events, suggesting repeated upper limb injections in children with hemiplegia receiving occupational therapy were safe and effective for improvement of movement and function."
09/01/2005 - "Common clinical indications include spastic equinus (toe walking), hip subluxation, upper extremity spasticity associated with hemiplegia or quadriplegia, and multilevel leg muscle injections in children with spastic diplegia."
10/01/1956 - "[Hemispherectomy for infantile hemiplegia; study of the leptomeningeal anastomoses]."
01/15/2013 - "Because hemispherectomy is often performed in children who already have moderate to severe hemiplegia, the added motor deficits from the surgery are generally low. "
08/01/2010 - "Thirteen participants who had undergone hemispherectomy (six left, seven right; nine with congenital, four with acquired hemiplegia; operated between four months and 13 years) were investigated. "
08/01/2010 - "After hemispherectomy, contralateral hemiplegia persists whereas gross expressive and receptive language functions can be remarkably spared. "
09/01/2003 - "In all patients with congenital disease, the abolition of motor function in the affected hemisphere was estimated by magnetic MEPs, and the hemiplegia did not deteriorate after functional hemispherectomy (HS) was performed in two of them. "
|5.||Occupational Therapy (Therapy, Occupational)
02/01/2015 - "The purpose of this study was to design a repeatable universal rehabilitation program in which patients with hemiplegia can participate voluntarily, complementing physical and occupational therapies to increase voluntary exercise practice rate. "
02/01/2004 - "Results of this pilot uncontrolled study suggest that ES at sensory level can be used as an adjunct to physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy in children with spastic hemiplegia. "
03/01/2009 - "Twenty children with spastic hemiplegia, aged 4 to 16 years, were matched for baseline characteristics and then randomized to standardized functional physical and occupational therapies for 6 months (PT/OT group) or to the same therapies plus multimuscle BTX-A (BTX+ group). "
01/01/2009 - "Neglect syndrome and severity of lesion (hemiplegia) had a significant negative effect on the effectiveness of occupational therapy (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). "
09/01/2000 - "Thirty children with hemiplegia, aged 2.5 to 10 years, were randomly assigned to receive: (1) a BTA injection into 1 or more of 3 muscle groups (biceps, volar forearm muscles, adductor pollicis) plus occupational therapy or (2) occupational therapy alone. "