|4.||Bell Palsy (Bell's Palsy)
|1.||Terzis, Julia K: 9 articles (08/2012 - 04/2008)|
|2.||Hadlock, Tessa A: 7 articles (07/2015 - 08/2006)|
|3.||Frey, Manfred: 7 articles (02/2015 - 09/2004)|
|4.||Hontanilla, Bernardo: 7 articles (08/2014 - 04/2006)|
|5.||Biglioli, Federico: 6 articles (07/2015 - 07/2009)|
|6.||Hato, Naohito: 6 articles (10/2014 - 03/2005)|
|7.||Furuta, Y: 6 articles (08/2001 - 09/2000)|
|8.||Ohtani, F: 6 articles (08/2001 - 09/2000)|
|9.||Ferreira, Marcus Castro: 5 articles (12/2015 - 10/2002)|
|10.||Rabbiosi, Dimitri: 5 articles (07/2015 - 07/2009)|
|1.||Acyclovir (Aciclovir)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1998 - "Acyclovir was given, and during the two weeks after admission, the facial palsy resolved completely. "
09/01/2005 - "Comparisons of steroid, acyclovir, lipoprostoglandin E1 and steroid + acyclovir treatments in facial paralysis: a rat study."
07/01/2013 - "Preemptive therapy with acyclovir before the development of vesicles should help the patient recover from facial palsy. "
09/01/2005 - "Of all animals, 70 (53%) rats which developed facial paralysis were divided into five groups (n = 14 for each group) as control, steroid + acyclovir, lipoprostaglandin E1, steroid only and acyclovir only. "
09/01/2005 - "To induce experimental peripheral facial paralysis by inoculation of HSV1 and to compare the effects of steroid, acyclovir, lipoprostoglandin E2 and steroid + acyclovir treatments in terms of clinical recovery, electrophysiologically and histopathologically. "
|2.||Prednisone (Sone)FDA LinkGeneric
04/01/2015 - "We report the case of a teenager who was treated with prednisone because of a peripheral facial palsy. "
09/01/2002 - "Sixty-two consecutive patients, enrolled within 72 hours of facial palsy onset, were assigned to high dose intravenous prednisone in combination with intramuscular polyvitaminic therapy (group A) or polyvitaminic therapy alone (group B). "
01/01/1964 - "[ON THE CLINICAL PICTURE, PROGNOSIS AND THERAPY OF CRYPTOGENETIC PERIPHERAL FACIAL PARALYSIS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PREDNISONE THERAPY. "
11/11/1961 - "[Prednisone treatment of "rheumatic" facial paralysis]."
06/01/1958 - "[Prednisone therapy in peripheral facial paralysis]."
|3.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
01/01/2014 - "In this prospective observational study we used electroencephalography (EEG) to measure cortical activity evoked by tactile stimulation of the hands before and after botulinum toxin-A-induced facial paralysis. "
10/01/1997 - "This study reports an expanded clinical indication for botulinum toxin in patients with unilateral facial paralysis. "
02/01/2016 - "Botulinum Toxin in the Treatment of Facial Paralysis."
12/01/2015 - "A patient centred approach utilising physiotherapy, targeted botulinum toxin injection and selective surgical intervention has reduced the burden of long-term disability in facial palsy. "
10/01/2015 - "[Facial palsy sequel and botulinum toxin]."
07/01/2012 - "In studies including various etiologies for facial palsy; cases of BP treated with steroids were selected and when available, untreated patients as well for comparison. "
11/01/2012 - "It is explicitly recommended to treat patients with idiopathic facial palsy with steroids. "
03/01/2003 - "Facial palsy was managed conservatively [physiotherapy and oral steroids] with full recovery of function after 4 weeks. "
07/01/1999 - "Patients received treatment of facial palsy with a tapering course of oral steroids. "
05/01/1993 - "In contrast to our previous findings in male hamsters, administration of exogenous steroids does not accelerate recovery from facial paralysis in adult female hamsters.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)"
|5.||Antiviral Agents (Antivirals)IBA
01/01/2009 - "Future studies should use improved herpes virus diagnostics and newer antivirals to assess whether combination therapy benefits patients with more severe facial paralysis at study entry."
01/01/2010 - "Between April 1994 and December 2007, 91 patients with complete facial paralysis who had received early treatment with steroid with or without antiviral agents were included in the study. "
10/01/2014 - "[Evidence for the treatment of facial paralysis with antiviral drugs]."
01/01/2008 - "To determine the effectiveness of antiviral agents in the treatment of adult patients with Ramsay Hunt syndrome (HZO with facial palsy). "
09/01/2012 - "Four months after the treatment with systemic steroid and antiviral agents, her all symptoms and signs including facial paralysis and diplopia disappeared. "
05/01/2006 - "The implantation of rigid gold weights for lid loading in patients suffering from lagophthalmos due to peripheral facial palsy is considered a simple and effective treatment for improving eyelid closure. "
06/01/2007 - "Patients with facial palsy undergoing gold weight implantation were enrolled prospectively to undergo the standard gold weight trial procedure. "
06/01/2007 - "To evaluate the effectiveness of the gold weight trial procedure in predicting postoperative eyelid closure after gold weight implantation surgery for facial palsy. "
06/01/2007 - "Effectiveness of the gold weight trial procedure in predicting the ideal weight for lid loading in facial palsy: a prospective study."
07/01/1993 - "It was the purpose of this study to determine whether gold eyelid weights, used for treatment of lagophthalmos in facial palsy, would be deflected at high magnetic strengths during imaging. "
|7.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
05/01/2011 - "Based on the rate of 97.6% spontaneous complete recovery we believe that the routine use of corticosteroids in children with facial palsy is not justified, unless there is new data from controlled trials in children."
03/01/2014 - "After receiving a short-course of oral corticosteroids, the patient gradually recovered from the facial paralysis. "
11/01/2011 - "On the eighth day of hospitalisation, he developed left peripheral facial palsy with a favourable course in response to corticosteroids. "
05/01/2011 - "Currently there is much controversy whether to treat idiopathic facial palsy with corticosteroids with sparse data on the natural course of the disease in children. "
08/01/2007 - "Corticosteroids are recommended for treatment of facial paralysis."
|8.||valacyclovir (valaciclovir)FDA LinkGeneric
02/16/2008 - "In patients with severe or complete facial palsy, the addition of valacyclovir improved the chance of complete recovery, but as this study was single-blinded, results should be interpreted with caution. "
01/01/2013 - "2 days later, she awoke with a partial right-sided facial paralysis, which improved with treatment (valacyclovir and prednisone). "
|9.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
02/01/2014 - "The facial palsy completely recovered after parenteral antibiotics and myringotomy. "
02/01/2001 - "Thus, the overall current health status of each patient group was good, but sequelae were apparent primarily among patients with facial palsy who did not receive antibiotics for acute neuroborreliosis."
03/01/1999 - "In five patients, contralateral facial paresis developed 1-12 days after initiation of therapy, and two patients were retreated with antibiotics. "
11/01/1985 - "We believe antibiotics should be given to patients with this facial palsy in order to treat any other concurrent manifestations of the illness and to prevent subsequent complications."
01/01/1990 - "In both cases the facial palsy disappeared after treatment with myringotomy and antibiotics. "
|10.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
07/01/1998 - "To investigate the effects of injection of botulinum toxin type A (BTX A) into the orbicularis oculi muscle and lacrimal gland in patients with aberrant regeneration after facial palsy (facial synkinesias and hyperlacrimation). "
12/01/2015 - "A total of 353 patients (age, 4 to 84 years; 245 female patients) with longstanding facial paralysis underwent 2312 botulinum toxin type A injections during an 11-year follow-up. "
05/01/2015 - "Botulinum toxin type A injections may be an indispensable technique as a nonsurgical treatment or as a complementary measure in postsurgical treatments and should be certainly considered for temporary or permanent asymmetries in patients who suffer from facial palsy. "
01/01/2010 - "To assess the effect and efficacy of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) in reducing synkinesis in aberrant facial nerve regeneration (following facial paralysis). "
12/01/2015 - "Botulinum toxin type A injection is an important adjunct treatment for facial paralysis-induced asymmetry and synkinesis. "
10/01/2004 - "Acupuncture and moxibustion (acu-moxi) is beneficial in treating facial palsy. "
12/01/2013 - "Of the 21 and 22 facial palsy patients in the heat-sensitive moxibustion and non-sensitive moxibustion groups, 8 and 5 cases were cured, 10 and 7 were markedly effective, 3 and 10 were improved, with the markedly effective rates being 85.71% and 54.55%, respectively. "
06/01/2010 - "Current situation and evaluation of clinical studies on acupuncture and moxibustion treatment of peripheral facial paralysis at selected stages."
03/01/2006 - "[Study on clinical effectiveness of acupuncture and moxibustion on acute Bell's facial paralysis: randomized controlled clinical observation]."
05/01/2015 - "To introduce professor Gao Yuchun's clinical experience and treating characteristics of facial paralysis treated with acupuncture and moxibustion. "
05/01/2005 - "Electroacupuncture at acute stage can significantly increase the cured and markedly effective rate, and the acute stage is the optimal opportunity for acupuncture treatment of peripheral facial paralysis."
09/01/2009 - "The SXDZ-100 stimulator is more effective than the G6805 electroacupuncture stimulator for treatment of peripheral facial paralysis."
12/01/2010 - "The peripheral facial paralysis is effectively treated by electroacupuncture in acute stage, and it suggests that electroacupuncture should be applied early during the acupuncture treatment of peripheral facial paralysis."
09/01/2005 - "To study on therapeutic effect of isolated electroacupuncture on peripheral facial paralysis. "
02/01/2015 - "[Opinions on electroacupuncture treatment of facial paralysis]."
|3.||Acupuncture Points (Acupuncture Point)
11/01/2005 - "The acupoint sticking therapy is effective and safe for facial paralysis."
01/01/2014 - "This study included 162 patients with peripheral facial paralysis, 107 of whom were treated with usual care (conventional and alternative treatments) and 55 of whom were additionally treated with needle-pricking therapy on 3 specific extra-meridian acupuncture points known as 'Samjoong' (Sānchóng in Chinese). "
11/01/2010 - "To observe the change trend of the temperature asymmetry coefficient at acupoints between healthy side and affected side in patients with facial paralysis, to study the correlation between the temperature asymmetry and Facial Disability Index (FDI), to provide scientific guidance for the application of infrared thermography in the examination of severity of facial paralysis. "
01/01/2007 - "The purpose of this study is to select acupoints for acupuncture treatment of peripheral facial paralysis according to the temperature on the face of the patient detected by thermogram, to determine an objective acupoint selection method for acupuncture treatment. "
11/01/2013 - "[Medicine-waxing application method on facial acupoint area for 50 cases of peripheral facial paralysis]."
03/01/2014 - "The HFA swingdown technique is a safe and effective method to restore facial nerve function in patients with facial paralysis and obviates the need for an interposition jump graft."
04/01/2011 - "Regulation of functional muscle transfer outcome by means of an interposed nerve graft: The gold standard treatment of chronic unilateral facial palsy is a functional muscle transfer (FMT) reinnervated by a branch of the contralateral facial nerve via a cross-facial nerve graft, but clinical outcome varies from underactivity to overactivity of the transferred muscle. "
03/01/2002 - "Five patients required cable graft repair of the facial nerve; four improved to House-Brackmann Grade 3 facial paresis. "
06/02/2015 - "To Preliminary study of facial nerve F wave evaluation hypoglossal-facial nerve reconstruction with pre-degenerated nerve graft for peripheral facial palsy. "
06/02/2015 - "[Preliminary study of facial nerve F wave evaluation hypoglossal-facial nerve reconstruction with predegenerated nerve graft for peripheral facial palsy]."
03/01/2006 - "The facial nerve functional classification at the attack, 7 days after the attack and after treatment, the clinically cured rate of following-up of 6 months, and the average cured time, the cured time of complete facial paralysis were observed in the 3 groups. "
09/01/2012 - "According to the improved scale, the authors assessed and graded the degree of facial paralysis in terms of facial nerve dysfunction both before and after treatment. "
01/01/2011 - "Our objectives were to retrospectively review our outcomes after treatment of the asymmetric lower lip, and to propose a progressive, stepwise algorithm for the management of lower lip asymmetry in facial paralysis. "
02/01/2006 - "After treatment, facial palsy always worsened (requesting secondary hypoglosso-facial anastomosis in cinq cases). "
01/01/2001 - "We observed postradiosurgical aggravation of a pre-existing facial weakness in two out of 13 patients, a new occurrence of facial palsy was seen in two cases (four years after treatment), one of them was previously operated on and both suffered from cystic degeneration with mass effect. "