|1.||Facial Hemiatrophy (Parry-Romberg Syndrome)
|3.||Facial Paralysis (Facial Palsy)
|4.||Congenital Abnormalities (Deformity)
|1.||Gui, Lai: 5 articles (01/2014 - 09/2007)|
|2.||Ogata, Hisao: 5 articles (09/2013 - 03/2009)|
|3.||Takano-Yamamoto, Teruko: 5 articles (10/2012 - 08/2007)|
|4.||Kuroda, Shingo: 5 articles (10/2012 - 08/2007)|
|5.||Nakajima, Hideo: 4 articles (09/2013 - 06/2012)|
|6.||Sakamoto, Yoshiaki: 4 articles (09/2013 - 06/2012)|
|7.||Kishi, Kazuo: 4 articles (09/2013 - 06/2012)|
|8.||Baek, Seung-Hak: 4 articles (03/2010 - 07/2005)|
|9.||Wang, Xudong: 3 articles (12/2015 - 12/2013)|
|10.||Jung, Hwi-Dong: 3 articles (05/2015 - 07/2012)|
12/01/2002 - "The aim of this study was to investigate the mid-term results of bipolar release in congenital muscular torticollis patients over 6 years of age, and the efficacy of frontal cephalometric analysis in the determination and follow-up of facial asymmetry. "
05/01/1995 - "These findings, along with previous studies of congenital muscular torticollis, infer that the two anatomic abnormalities associated with congenital SOP (facial asymmetry and tendon asymmetry) do not occur as part of the same developmental sequence, but the facial asymmetry develops as a consequence of a chronic head tilt from a young age."
08/01/2013 - "In congenital muscular torticollis, facial asymmetry is progressive if the contracted sternocleidomastoid muscle is not released, although cranial asymmetry is already determined in those younger than 6 months. "
01/01/2009 - "[Facial asymmetry in children with congenital muscular torticollis after surgical treatment]."
12/01/2002 - "According to the congenital muscular torticollis evaluation system, the outcome was excellent in 2 of the patients, good in 6, fair in 2 and poor in 2. Asymmetry was not severe in all patients at the beginning of therapy according to PSA values, being insignificant in 2, mild in 6, and severe in 4. The PSA results of the last examination indicated that severe facial asymmetry persisted in 3 patients. "
|2.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
02/01/2002 - "Complications were mild and included temporary facial asymmetry and weakness secondary to neuromuscular effects of botulinum toxin. "
06/01/2013 - "Effect of unilateral injection of botulinum toxin on lower facial asymmetry as evaluated using three-dimensional laser scanning."
02/01/2013 - "The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin treatment for facial asymmetry in 18 patients after acute facial palsy who could not be optimally treated by medical or surgical management because of severe medical or other problems. "
02/01/2013 - "After administration of a single dose of botulinum toxin A on the nonparalyzed side of 18 patients with acute facial paralysis, marked relief of facial asymmetry was observed in 8 patients within 1 month of injection. "
02/01/2013 - "The application of botulinum toxin to the healthy side of the face in patients with long-standing facial paralysis has been shown to be a minimally invasive technique that improves facial symmetry at rest and during facial motion, but our experience using botulinum toxin therapy for facial sequelae prompted the idea that botulinum toxin might be useful in acute cases of facial paralysis, leading to improve facial asymmetry. "
11/01/2007 - "This article explores the application of this toxin for cosmetic use in the perioral region, facial asymmetry, and improved facial wound healing. "
05/01/2015 - "Facial asymmetry can either be physiological or pathological and is a common cosmetic concern. "
09/01/2006 - "Infratemporal, pterygopalatine, orbital and intracranial extensions of JNA (Stage IIIa and IIIb) can be removed by combined transpalatal and transmaxillary approach by Lazy S incision without producing any facial asymmetry or cosmetic defect. "
04/01/2004 - "Patients undergoing mandibular resection often have facial asymmetry and cosmetic disfigurement, which include a retruded, deviated mandible, motor and sensory deficiencies, and abnormal intermaxillary relationship and occlusion. "
06/01/2010 - "The radiation treatment of malignant facial tumors in children may induce major functional and cosmetic sequelae, mainly due to uneven growth of the bones and soft tissues, resulting in facial asymmetry and hemihypotrophy at adult age. "
|4.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
12/01/2004 - "The use of botulinum toxin type A for the correction of a variety of presentations of facial asymmetry has also been well established. "
05/01/2015 - "Botulinum toxin type A injections improved facial asymmetry and muscular function in all patients. "
05/01/2015 - "Contralateral botulinum toxin type A injection was useful in reducing muscular hyperkinesis in patients with residual facial asymmetry after primary surgery for facial palsy, improving aesthetic and functional facial recovery with not widely common adverse events. "
02/01/1996 - "Treatment of facial synkinesis and facial asymmetry with botulinum toxin type A following facial nerve palsy."
09/01/2002 - "This study supports the hypothesis that hemifacial microsomia and microtia are in some way linked to multiple births. "
01/01/1986 - "Cephalometry, X-ray cephalometry, and somatoscopy were used in the studies of 65 adult males with a severe unilateral microtia subdivided into three groups: with marked asymmetry, with slight asymmetry, and without any obvious facial asymmetry. "
07/01/2015 - "Cranial nerve abnormalities might be observed in hemifacial microsomia and microtia (oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum), but the rate, features, and relationship with functional impairment or phenotype severity have not yet been defined. "
12/01/2013 - "Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a complex three-dimensional congenital condition that is characterized by mandibular hypoplasia and unilateral or bilateral microtia; although, other facial structures may be affected. "
05/01/2011 - "28 cases with microtia and grade I and II hemifacial microsomia were treated. "
11/01/2012 - "The length of the ascending ramus in group 1 and the length of the corpus in group 2 did not have statistically significant changes between T1 and T2.The current study revealed that the adjustable osteosynthesis plates especially designed for the short Obwegeser BSSO can be safely used for the advancement of the mandible and the correction of facial asymmetry, with a minimum risk for neurosensory disturbance and a high skeletal stability."
11/01/2012 - "This study tested adjustable miniplates for the short Obwegeser BSSO in advancement of the mandible and correction of facial asymmetry, assessing (1) sensitivity impairment of the lower lip and (2) skeletal stability.A prototype of L-shaped, 6-hole, 2.0-mm miniplate with 2 sliding holes was used. "
12/01/2015 - "The purpose of this study was to evaluate a modified method of aligning the proximal segment after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSO) in the treatment of patients with facial asymmetry. "
07/01/2009 - "The oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia is a rare congenital malformation that is characterized by a hemifacial microsomia with ocular abnormalities and coexisting disorders in the spinal column and other organs. "
08/01/2004 - "Prenatal diagnosis of hemifacial microsomia and ipsilateral cerebellar hypoplasia in a fetus with oculoauriculovertebral spectrum."
11/01/1996 - "The oculoauriculovertebral spectrum (OAVS) has been used to describe a broader range of first and second branchial-arch defects including hemifacial microsomia and Goldenhar's syndrome. "
01/01/1995 - "We present a case of oculoauriculovertebral spectrum (hemifacial microsomia, Goldenhar's syndrome) found shortly after birth with right iliac hypoplasia, absent right pubic and ischial ossification centres and posterior urethral valves, which have not previously been described in this spectrum."
05/01/1980 - "Three patients with oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia (Goldenhar) or hemifacial microsomia are presented. "
03/01/2007 - "The sequential planning procedure presented in this paper is considered to be helpful in performing effective preoperative simulation of distraction osteogenesis for hemifacial microsomia."
12/01/2010 - "The purpose of this study was to investigate the lip and occlusal cant changes in hemifacial microsomia (HFM) cases after simultaneous maxilla and mandibular distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the mandible. "
12/01/2009 - "Thus far, no randomized controlled trials on early distraction osteogenesis in hemifacial microsomia patients have been published. "
03/01/2009 - "To study the application of distraction osteogenesis (DO) of the mandibular ramus in hemifacial microsomia. "
03/01/2007 - "The purpose of this study is to present an exact simulation method for mandibular rotational movement in distraction osteogenesis for hemifacial microsomia. "
09/01/2007 - "To study the efficacy of modified simultaneous maxillary-mandibular distraction to correct facial asymmetry in patients with compensated occlusion and a canted occlusal plane. "
07/01/2010 - "The postoperative course was stable, and the facial asymmetry and cant of the occlusal plane improved and remained suitable 2 years after surgery. "
03/01/2009 - "The purpose of this study was to compare a computed tomographic (CT) three-dimensional analysis with a model analysis to use it as diagnostic aid for the evaluation of occlusal plane tilting in facial asymmetry. "
07/01/2014 - "Despite correction of the occlusal plane, facial asymmetry can persist if the mandibular body differs in height. "
07/01/2013 - "The goals of treatment for hemifacial microsomia include horizontalization of occlusal plane and acquisition of facial symmetry. "
12/01/2009 - "The transplants improved the contour of the lower face enabling a good correction of the facial asymmetry. "
02/01/1998 - "The purpose of this study was to document vertical midfacial growth after costochondral graft mandibular ramus construction in children with type IIB and type III hemifacial microsomia (HFM). "
10/01/2015 - "The authors introduce the concept of a "frame structure graft" in which a harvested rib bone was adjusted to fit facial asymmetry.On"
10/01/2015 - "Rib Bone Graft Adjusted to Fit the Facial Asymmetry: A Frame Structure Graft."
09/01/2015 - "costochondral, autogenous coronoid/ankylosed mass, sternoclavicular, clavicular bone grafts etc. As these are non-pedicled grafts, there is eventual resorption with subsequent decrease in height of the ramus, facial asymmetry, deviated mouth opening and reankylosis. "
02/01/2004 - "The presented case report, treated successfully with molar autotransplantation and orthognathic surgery, had a number of missing teeth and facial asymmetry."
04/01/2012 - "The purpose of this study was to evaluate the final outcome of team care for patients with hemifacial microsomia after a protocol of growth management, orthodontic treatment, orthognathic surgery, and soft-tissue augmentation. "
10/01/2009 - "This study was conducted to identify the characteristics of facial asymmetry before surgery and to evaluate the facial skeletal changes and stability after 2-jaw orthognathic surgery. "
12/01/2015 - "Orthognathic surgery and alloplastic grafting are the main stay in management in hemifacial microsomia. "
07/01/2015 - "In both cases, sufficient elimination of anterior compensation using ADSO guaranteed successful improvement of the facial asymmetry and stabilization of occlusion after orthognathic surgery. "
|5.||Prostheses and Implants (Prosthesis)
01/01/2011 - "It is beneficial for the defects of a hemifacial microsomia patient to be managed as early as possible, consistent with the patient's ability to manage the prosthesis."
08/01/1999 - "New research initiatives, such as tissue engineering and fabrication of auricular prosthesis by CAD/CAM, offer the potential for improved treatment for the future treatment of hemifacial microsomia."
09/01/2009 - "Application of custom-made TMJ prosthesis in hemifacial microsomia."
02/01/2008 - "This clinical report presents a 75-year-old woman with severe mandibular deviation and subsequent facial asymmetry caused by a chronic unilateral temporomandibular joint dislocation that was treated with a mandibular guidance prosthesis combined with physical therapy."
08/01/1999 - "Although surgical reconstruction is the treatment of choice for auricular deformities that result from hemifacial microsomia, the implant-retained auricular prosthesis must be considered when surgical reconstruction is not possible. "