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Exophthalmos (Proptosis)

Abnormal protrusion of both eyes; may be caused by endocrine gland malfunction, malignancy, injury, or paralysis of the extrinsic muscles of the eye.
Also Known As:
Proptosis; Proptoses
Networked: 996 relevant articles (71 outcomes, 36 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Graves Ophthalmopathy
2. Diplopia (Double Vision)
3. Optic Nerve Diseases (Optic Neuropathy)
4. Eye Diseases (Eye Disease)
5. Hyperthyroidism

Experts

1. Kazim, Michael: 5 articles (05/2015 - 02/2003)
2. Selva, Dinesh: 5 articles (02/2015 - 02/2003)
3. Kahaly, G J: 4 articles (01/2015 - 03/2004)
4. Mehta, Purnima: 4 articles (12/2011 - 12/2010)
5. Wiersinga, Wilmar M: 4 articles (01/2011 - 10/2005)
6. Metson, Ralph: 4 articles (07/2009 - 10/2002)
7. Nishida, Yasuhiro: 3 articles (11/2015 - 07/2002)
8. Lee, Sang Yeul: 3 articles (02/2014 - 07/2007)
9. Yoon, Jin Sook: 3 articles (02/2014 - 07/2007)
10. Dazzi, Davide: 3 articles (01/2014 - 01/2007)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Exophthalmos:
1. SteroidsIBA
2. CosmeticsIBA
3. Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
4. Prednisone (Sone)FDA LinkGeneric
5. Prednisolone (Predate)FDA LinkGeneric
6. Cyclosporine (Ciclosporin)FDA LinkGeneric
7. HormonesIBA
8. AntibodiesIBA
9. Thyrotropin Receptors (Thyrotropin Receptor)IBA
10. Immune Sera (Antisera)IBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Decompression
2. Radiotherapy
3. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)
4. Aftercare (After-Treatment)
5. Ligation