HOMEPRODUCTSSERVICESCOMPANYCONTACTFAQResearchDictionaryPharmaMobileSign Up FREE or Login

Esotropia (Esophoria)

A form of ocular misalignment characterized by an excessive convergence of the visual axes, resulting in a "cross-eye" appearance. An example of this condition occurs when paralysis of the lateral rectus muscle causes an abnormal inward deviation of one eye on attempted gaze.
Also Known As:
Esophoria; Cross-Eyes; Convergent Strabismus; Cross-Eye; Esodeviation; Intermittent Esotropia; Internal Strabismus; Monocular Esotropia; Primary Esotropia; Secondary Esotropia; Cross Eye; Esodeviations; Esophorias; Esotropia, Intermittent; Esotropia, Monocular; Esotropia, Primary; Esotropia, Secondary; Esotropias; Esotropias, Intermittent; Esotropias, Monocular; Esotropias, Primary; Esotropias, Secondary; Intermittent Esotropias; Monocular Esotropias; Primary Esotropias; Secondary Esotropias; Strabismus, Convergent; Strabismus, Internal
Networked: 484 relevant articles (47 outcomes, 40 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Esotropia (Esophoria)
2. Strabismus (Squint)
3. Hyperopia (Hypermetropia)
4. Diplopia (Double Vision)
5. Cerebral Palsy (Spastic Diplegia)

Experts

1. Demer, Joseph L: 4 articles (02/2013 - 07/2002)
2. Kowal, Lionel: 4 articles (04/2012 - 01/2003)
3. Gunton, Kammi B: 3 articles (07/2015 - 03/2002)
4. Lambert, Scott R: 3 articles (01/2013 - 02/2003)
5. Hutchinson, Amy K: 3 articles (11/2012 - 05/2003)
6. Gräf, M: 3 articles (10/2012 - 08/2007)
7. Khan, Arif O: 3 articles (01/2012 - 01/2005)
8. Noonan, Carmel P: 3 articles (01/2012 - 01/2009)
9. Rowe, Fiona J: 3 articles (01/2012 - 01/2009)
10. Diehl, Nancy N: 3 articles (03/2011 - 10/2003)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Esotropia:
1. Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
2. Retinaldehyde (Retinal)IBA
3. Pyridoxine (Pyridoxin)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
5. Acetazolamide (Diamox)FDA LinkGeneric
6. MioticsIBA
7. SiliconesIBA
8. Cyclosporine (Ciclosporin)FDA LinkGeneric
9. Vincristine (Oncovin)FDA LinkGeneric
10. Pyridostigmine Bromide (Pyridostigmine)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Sutures (Suture)
2. Laser In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)
3. Refractive Surgical Procedures
4. Contact Lenses
5. Eyeglasses (Spectacles)