Absence Epilepsy (Absence Seizure)

A childhood seizure disorder characterized by rhythmic electrical brain discharges of generalized onset. Clinical features include a sudden cessation of ongoing activity usually without loss of postural tone. Rhythmic blinking of the eyelids or lip smacking frequently accompanies the SEIZURES. The usual duration is 5-10 seconds, and multiple episodes may occur daily. Juvenile absence epilepsy is characterized by the juvenile onset of absence seizures and an increased incidence of myoclonus and tonic-clonic seizures. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p736)
Also Known As:
Absence Seizure; Childhood Absence Epilepsy; Absence Seizures; Epilepsy, Juvenile Absence; Seizure, Absence; Pyknolepsy; Epilepsy, Absence; Absence Seizure Disorder; Atonic Absence Seizures; Epilepsy, Absence, Atypical; Epilepsy, Petit Mal; Juvenile Absence Epilepsy; Petit Mal Convulsion; Pykno-Epilepsy; Seizure Disorder, Absence; Absence Epilepsies, Childhood; Absence Epilepsies, Juvenile; Absence Epilepsy, Childhood; Absence Epilepsy, Juvenile; Absence Seizure Disorders; Absence Seizure, Atonic; Absence Seizures, Atonic; Atonic Absence Seizure; Childhood Absence Epilepsies; Convulsion, Petit Mal; Epilepsies, Childhood Absence; Epilepsies, Juvenile Absence; Epilepsy, Childhood Absence; Juvenile Absence Epilepsies; Minor Epilepsies; Minor Epilepsy; Petit Mal Epilepsies; Petit Mal, Akinetic; Pykno Epilepsy; Pykno-Epilepsies; Pyknolepsies; Seizure Disorders, Absence; Seizure, Atonic Absence; Seizures, Atonic Absence; Akinetic Petit Mal; Epilepsy, Minor; Petit Mal Epilepsy
Networked: 1001 relevant articles (86 outcomes, 139 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Seizures (Seizure)
2. Epilepsy (Aura)
3. Absence Epilepsy (Absence Seizure)
4. Generalized Epilepsy
5. Myoclonic Epilepsies (Myoclonic Encephalopathy)


1. van Luijtelaar, Gilles: 20 articles (07/2015 - 07/2003)
2. De Sarro, Giovambattista: 20 articles (06/2015 - 08/2003)
3. Citraro, Rita: 19 articles (06/2015 - 09/2005)
4. Russo, Emilio: 19 articles (06/2015 - 09/2005)
5. Snead, O Carter: 16 articles (08/2012 - 01/2002)
6. Cortez, Miguel A: 16 articles (08/2012 - 01/2002)
7. O'Brien, Terence J: 14 articles (04/2013 - 06/2004)
8. Crunelli, Vincenzo: 12 articles (02/2015 - 05/2003)
9. Nehlig, Astrid: 11 articles (02/2015 - 03/2002)
10. Petrou, Steven: 10 articles (05/2015 - 11/2002)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Absence Epilepsy:
1. lamotrigine (Lamictal)FDA LinkGeneric
2. Valproic Acid (Valproate, Semisodium)FDA LinkGeneric
3. Ethosuximide (Zarontin)FDA LinkGeneric
4. Anticonvulsants (Antiepileptic Drugs)IBA
5. Lennox-Gastaut type Epileptic encephalopathyIBA
6. Pentylenetetrazole (Metrazol)IBA
7. Phenytoin (Dilantin)FDA LinkGeneric
8. zonisamide (Zonegran)FDA LinkGeneric
9. gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA)IBA
10. Carbamazepine (Tegretol)FDA LinkGeneric

Therapies and Procedures

1. Injections
2. Ketogenic Diet
3. Vagus Nerve Stimulation
4. Withholding Treatment
5. Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet (Low Carbohydrate Diet)