|4.||Respiratory Tract Infections (Respiratory Tract Infection)
|1.||Yasunaga, Hideo: 2 articles (09/2015 - 10/2013)|
|2.||Fushimi, Kiyohide: 2 articles (09/2015 - 10/2013)|
|3.||Ladhani, Shamez N: 2 articles (02/2015 - 10/2010)|
|4.||Ramsay, Mary E: 2 articles (02/2015 - 10/2010)|
|5.||Shah, Rahul K: 2 articles (04/2009 - 03/2004)|
|6.||Yamasoba, Tatsuya: 1 article (09/2015)|
|7.||Matsui, Hiroki: 1 article (09/2015)|
|8.||Suzuki, Sayaka: 1 article (09/2015)|
|9.||Kim, Mi Hee: 1 article (05/2015)|
|10.||Choi, Sohyun: 1 article (05/2015)|
|1.||Ampicillin (Omnipen)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/1984 - "Epiglottitis due to ampicillin-tolerant Haemophilus influenzae type b."
08/01/1982 - "We conclude that H influenzae resistant to ampicillin should be considered when diagnosing and treating adult epiglottitis."
08/01/1982 - "While H influenzae resistant to ampicillin sodium has been associated with epiglottitis in children, no adult cases have been reported. "
10/06/1984 - "Ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae epiglottitis and pericarditis in an adult."
08/01/1982 - "Acute epiglottitis and bacteremia with ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae."
|2.||Chloramphenicol (Chloromycetin)FDA Link
07/01/1986 - "Acute epiglottitis due to a chloramphenicol inactivating strain of Haemophilus influenzae type b."
05/01/1960 - "Chloramphenicol is the drug of choice, as the majority of cases of acute epiglottitis are due to H. "
02/01/1994 - "In a prospective, randomised trial, the efficacy of a short course (two days) of ceftriaxone was compared with that of five days of chloramphenicol for the treatment of epiglottitis. "
02/01/1983 - "influenzae strains were bêta-lactamase producing strains, they were isolated from sputum, CSF (7.5%), epiglottitis (20%); 3.5% and 0.2% of the strains were resistant to tetracycline and chloramphenicol respectively. "
05/01/1978 - "If there is difficulty in distinguishing between croup and epiglottitis, then chloramphenicol or ampicillin should be given. "
|3.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
09/01/1984 - "A suggested protocol for management of epiglottitis emphasizes the importance of establishing an artificial airway and administering intravenous antibiotics effective against Hemophilus influenzae type B."
04/01/2006 - "Throat cultures were not obtamed The primary treatment of acute epiglottitis is intravenous antibiotics, steriods, and humidified air. "
03/01/1988 - "Acute epiglottitis is a medical emergency and requires treatment with appropriate antibiotics for Hemophilus influenzae type b and intubation."
10/01/1983 - "Epiglottitis requires an artificial airway and intensive antibiotics. "
02/01/1979 - "Acute epiglottitis is a fulminating pediatric emergency which should be managed with antibiotics and the establishment of an airway. "
11/01/1986 - "Thirty-one infants and children (mean age, three years six months) with documented acute epiglottitis received parenteral sulbactam sodium (30 mg/kg per day) in combination with ampicillin (200 mg/kg per day). "
11/01/1986 - "Sulbactam/ampicillin in the treatment of acute epiglottitis in children."
01/01/1989 - "The combination of sulbactam and ampicillin is a safe and effective therapy for acute otitis media and acute epiglottitis in infants and children. "
11/01/1986 - "The combination of sulbactam and ampicillin appeared to be an effective and safe alternative to chloramphenicol/ampicillin therapy for acute epiglottitis in infants and children."
|5.||sultamicillin (ampicillin-sulbactam)FDA LinkGeneric
01/01/2007 - "In comparative clinical trials, ampicillin/sulbactam has proved to be a significant drug in the therapeutic armamentarium for lower respiratory tract infections and aspiration pneumonia, gynaecological/obstetrical infections, intra-abdominal infections, paediatric infections such as acute epiglottitis and periorbital cellulitis, diabetic foot infections, and skin and soft tissue infections. "
01/01/2002 - "In clinical trials, ampicillin/sulbactam has proved clinically and bacteriologically effective against a variety of frequently encountered pediatric infections, including mild-to-moderate upper respiratory tract infections (acute otitis media, sinusitis, pharyngitis, and tonsillitis), severe post-operative and intra-abdominal infections, periorbital infections (which, left untreated, can lead to blindness, brain abscess, or death), acute epiglottitis, bacterial meningitis, and brain abscess. "
10/30/1996 - "[A caution! Vaccines don't protect completely against acute epiglottitis]."
01/01/1996 - "However, the incidence of epiglottitis in this age group had started to decline before conjugated vaccines became available, with no additional decline thereafter. "
11/01/1994 - "A statistically significant decrease was found in the incidence of epiglottitis since introduction of the vaccines; however, the overall trend in decrease for the 11-year period was not statistically significant. "
10/01/2008 - "Vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type B (HI) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) have dramatically reduced the incidence of bacterial meningitis (due to both HI and SP) and epiglottitis (due to HI) in childhood. "
01/01/1996 - "Follow-up surveillance studies show that (a) the decline in the incidence of Hib disease is temporally related to the introduction of effective vaccines, (b) the decline in Hib epiglottitis preceded the decline in meningitis in the United States, (c) the incidence of disease declined in children under the age of 5 years but remained constant in older children and adults, (d) other bacterial pathogens are now the primary causative agents of infant meningitis and epiglottitis even though the incidence of disease caused by these other pathogens has not changed, and (e) the pharyngeal carriage rate of Hib in children has declined without any evidence of an increase in the carriage of non-type b strains or other pathogens. "
|7.||Ceftriaxone (Ceftriaxon)FDA LinkGeneric
02/01/1994 - "A short course of ceftriaxone is a safe, efficacious, and economic alternative to the standard treatment in children with epiglottitis."
02/01/1994 - "Successful treatment of epiglottitis with two doses of ceftriaxone."
06/01/1992 - "Ceftriaxone potentially offers a number of clinical and economic advantages in the management of epiglottitis."
06/01/1992 - "Ceftriaxone as a single daily intravenous dose for 5 days was used to treat seven patients with proven Haemophilus influenzae epiglottitis. "
06/01/1992 - "Single daily dose ceftriaxone therapy in epiglottitis."
08/20/1987 - "[Acute epiglottitis caused by beta-lactamase-producing Haemophilus influenzae type b]."
03/01/1984 - "We have reported a case of bacteremic epiglottitis due to an ampicillin-tolerant, beta-lactamase-negative strain of Haemophilus influenzae type b which was cured with ampicillin therapy alone. "
09/01/2005 - "We present a unique case of acute epiglottitis with unilateral supraglottitis secondary to foreign body in the vallecula, which gradually improved after emergency endotracheal intubation for respiratory arrest, followed by intensive conservative management with intravenous antibiotics, cortisone and intravenous fluids. "
|10.||Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine (HIB-vaccine)IBA
10/01/2013 - "Using a nationwide inpatient database, this study aimed to determine the burden of childhood epiglottitis before the introduction of Hib vaccine into Japan. "
09/01/1999 - "This is the first study in the UK to examine the influence of the Hib vaccine on acute paediatric epiglottitis."
09/01/1999 - "This study set out to find whether the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib) vaccine in the UK in October 1992 has influenced the incidence of acute epiglottitis in the Sheffield region, and whether the pathogenesis has altered. "
04/01/2014 - "The aim of this retrospective case series is to describe the epidemiology, symptoms and findings of acute epiglottitis in hospitalized patients after the introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) vaccine and to identify any symptoms or findings predictive of a prolonged hospital stay. "
04/01/2013 - "Acute epiglottitis in the era of post-Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) vaccine."
11/01/2005 - "Adults presenting with epiglottitis to the emergency department in Hamilton have good outcomes, with less airway management required than previously reported in children. "
09/01/2015 - "The aim of the study was to evaluate the factors associated with the development of severe epiglottitis in adults to provide information for physicians to make early decisions on airway management. "
05/01/2013 - "Airway management is paramount to survival, and aggressive means should be taken early when epiglottitis is considered."
03/01/2010 - "[Acute obstructive epiglottitis in intensive care unit: which airway management strategy?]."
04/01/2009 - "Airway management in pediatric epiglottitis: a national perspective."
04/01/2009 - "Three hundred forty-two sampled admissions were for epiglottitis; 40 of these patients were under the age of 19 and had an airway intervention (intubation or tracheotomy). "
11/01/1988 - "Before the past decade virtually all children with epiglottitis were treated with tracheotomy and currently very few children are thus treated. "
02/01/1983 - "Acute epiglottitis in children: experiences with tracheotomy and intubation."
01/01/1981 - "A follow-up study, including clinical examination, X-ray and function tests, of 27 children with acute epiglottitis treated with tracheotomy at the ENT-Department, Mölndal Hospital during 1971-1975 has been performed. "
01/01/1981 - "Tracheotomy--a satisfactory method in the treatment of acute epiglottitis. "
|3.||Day Care (Partial Hospitalization)
12/01/1995 - "Risk factors for epiglottitis were day-care attendance and mother's birthplace in Australia or New Zealand. "
12/01/1995 - "To determine whether day-care attendance was a risk factor for Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease, particularly for epiglottitis. "
12/01/1995 - "This study confirms that day-care attendance is a risk factor for Hib epiglottitis as well as meningitis. "
12/01/1994 - "One horse was still convalescing at the time of the study, and 1 horse had been euthanatized 1 week after treatment for epiglottitis because of colic. "
12/01/1994 - "Thirteen horses started at least 4 races following treatment for epiglottitis; racing performance after treatment was the same in 8 and decreased in 5. Long-term sequelae of epiglottitis included epiglottic deformity (5 horses), intermittent or persistent dorsal displacement of the soft palate (4 horses), and epiglottic entrapment (1 horse)."
08/01/2009 - "We report anesthetic management using veno-veno bypass (V-V bypass) for emergent tracheostomy in a patient with acute epiglottitis. "
08/01/2009 - "[Anesthetic management using veno-veno bypass for emergent tracheostomy in a patient with acute epiglottitis]."
05/01/2009 - "In the past 30 years, short-term tracheostomy was commonly performed for infectious causes such as epiglottitis. "
02/01/2007 - "Two patients with epiglottitis were treated by endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy. "
04/01/2001 - "The child underwent a previous tracheostomy at another hospital because of respiratory distress under the diagnosis of acute epiglottitis. "