|1.||Muscle Spasticity (Spastic)
|5.||Open-Angle Glaucoma (Glaucoma, Open Angle)
|1.||Belfort, Rubens: 3 articles (10/2015 - 06/2011)|
|2.||Baddeley, Paul: 2 articles (11/2015 - 01/2012)|
|3.||Heindl, Ludwig M: 2 articles (10/2015 - 06/2011)|
|4.||Dantas, Paulo Elias Correa: 2 articles (10/2015 - 09/2011)|
|5.||Damasceno, Renato Wendell: 2 articles (10/2015 - 09/2011)|
|6.||Holbach, Leonard M: 2 articles (10/2015 - 06/2011)|
|7.||Osaki, Midori Hentona: 2 articles (09/2011 - 03/2010)|
|8.||Watanabe, Akihide: 2 articles (08/2011 - 08/2011)|
|9.||Kinoshita, Shigeru: 2 articles (08/2011 - 08/2011)|
|10.||Wladis, Edward J: 2 articles (06/2011 - 03/2010)|
|1.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
01/01/2011 - "This prospective clinical study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of botulinum toxin for temporary treatment of senile and congenital lower lid entropion. "
01/01/1997 - "Botulinum toxin for the temporary treatment of involutional lower lid entropion: a clinical and morphological study."
10/01/2012 - "Acquired lateral upper lid entropion in a child treated with Botulinum toxin."
01/01/2011 - "Seventeen patients with senile entropion and three children with congenital entropion were treated with botulinum toxin injection into the preseptal orbicularis muscle of lower lid. "
01/01/2011 - "Botulinum toxin for lower lid entropion correction."
09/01/2012 - "There are a myriad of surgical approaches to treat involutional entropion, but the medical co-morbidities that are common in this patient population often make a less-invasive method more appropriate. "
02/01/2006 - "Entropion was the most significant predictor of CO. "
02/01/2006 - "Among eyes with mild entropion there was no difference in the prevalence of CO comparing eyes that were epilated with those that were not epilated. "
02/01/2006 - "The same association was seen in eyes with severe entropion: 43% of epilated eyes while 74% of non-epilated eyes had CO (p<0.0001). "
02/01/2006 - "Among eyes with moderate entropion, epilated eyes were less likely to have CO than non-epilated eyes (21% v 34% p = 0.002). "
01/01/2009 - "The silk suture can be recommended for correction of lower lid involutional entropion in a country with low socioeconomic status."
01/01/2009 - "to compare the efficacy of lid everting sutures in the management ofinvolutional lower lid entropion using 4-0 silk versus 4-0 chromic catgut. "
01/01/2009 - "Efficacy of lid everting suture in the management of involutional lower eyelid entropion using 4-0 silk versus 4-0 chromic catgut."
|4.||telomerase RNA (bTR)IBA
03/01/2010 - "To study the safety, efficacy, and cosmetic outcome of the eyelash resection procedure for treatment of severe, recurrent, or segmental cicatricial entropion. "
07/01/2010 - "To determine cosmetic and functional outcome following lateral strip procedure (LSP) for involutional entropion. "
09/01/2009 - "With the increasing popularity of this incision in reconstructive and cosmetic plastic surgery, a complete understanding of orbital anatomy and associated treatment options for entropion is necessary."
06/01/2008 - "This technique produces satisfying cosmetic and functional results when used to treat mild to moderate cicatricial entropion with lid margin distortion."
01/01/2005 - "We report the functional and cosmetic results of our modified surgical technique we have developed in the management of trachomatous cicatricial entropion of the upper eye lid. "
12/01/2007 - "The study did not include patients with entropion, congenital cataract, or retinal abnormalities. "
05/15/1992 - "Concurrent ocular anomalies of some eyes included wandering nystagmus, entropion, microphthalmia, persistent pupillary membrane remnants, and multifocal retinal folds. "
07/01/2008 - "Lenticular and retinal causes resulted in blindness (P=0.008), and low vision (P=0.02), more often than entropion. "
03/01/2010 - "In patients with DC, abnormalities of the lacrimal drainage system (29%) were the most prevalent findings, followed by retinal abnormalities (pigmentary changes, retinal neovascularization, retinal detachment, exudative retinopathy) in 21%, cicatricial entropion with trichiasis and blepharitis in 7% each, and sparse eyelashes and congenital cataract in 3.5% each. "
06/01/1992 - "The purpose of this communication is to assist veterinarians in recognizing and treating, where possible, some of the common ocular problems of this breed, including medial canthal entropion, various trichiasis problems, dermoids, third eyelid gland prolapse, chronic keratitis and corneal ulcers, progressive retinal atrophy, vitreal syneresis, and retinal detachment. "
|8.||Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
01/01/1987 - "Botulinum A-toxin treatment of spasmodic entropion of the lower eyelid."
01/01/1993 - "Thirty four patients with blepharospasm, thirty eight with hemifacial spasms and three with spastic entropion were injected with the use of Botulinum A toxin. "
06/01/1992 - "The clinical results show that local injection of a minute dose of botulinum A toxin in treating blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, strabismus and entropion is a safe, effective and simple method of nonsurgical therapy."
06/01/1992 - "Thirty patients with blepharospasm, hemifacial spasm, strabismus and entropion were treated with botulinum A toxin giving satisfactory results. "
04/01/2010 - "To investigate the long-term effectiveness and safety of botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) treatment in patients with blepharospasm (BEB), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and entropion (EN) and to use for the first time two modified indexes, 'botulin toxin escalation index-U' (BEI-U) and 'botulin toxin escalation index percentage' (BEI-%), in the dose-escalation evaluation. "
|9.||Tetracaine (Amethocaine)FDA LinkGeneric
11/01/2015 - "These include the forced closure of the eyelids, the tetracaine provocation test, and the test of induced entropion (TIE). "
02/01/2010 - "Successful surgery was defined as a normal eyelid position at rest and inability to induce entropion on tetracaine provocation testing at or before the 18-month follow-up visit. "
01/01/2006 - "Patients' symptoms and clinical examination to confirm a normal eyelid position (no entropion or secondary ectropion) at rest and with forced orbicularis contraction with the topical amethocaine (tetracaine) test. "
09/01/2006 - "Re: "the tetracaine provocation test (TPT) for inducing early involutional entropion"."
09/01/1993 - "The contraction of the subepithelial fibrous membrane formed by vertically oriented parallel collagen fibers is one of the main factors contributing to the entropion formation."
05/01/1967 - "Horizontal buried collagen tape for senile entropion."
09/01/2011 - "Collagen fiber content was significantly increased in specimens from patients in group 1 compared with specimens from patients in group 2. The present findings suggest that a reduction of collagen and elastic fibers may contribute to the development of excessive horizontal eyelid laxity in patients with involutional ectropion and entropion of the lower eyelid."
09/01/2011 - "To investigate the clinicopathologic correlation between horizontal eyelid laxity and extracellular matrix components, such as collagen and elastic fibers, in involutional ectropion and entropion. "
01/01/2000 - "The contraction of the subepithelial fibrous tissue formed by collagen fibres and anterior surface drying are the main factors contributing to the chronic cicatrization and entropion formation."
01/01/2006 - "The simplified single-suture inferior retractor repair had good results in patients with involutional entropion without severe horizontal lid laxity. "
07/01/2003 - "The aim of this study was to quantify the efficacy of three different surgical techniques for entropion repair in a 3-year follow-up study: (1) the Fox procedure, (2) everting sutures and (3) a modified technique of lower lid retractor plication. "
08/01/2014 - "To evaluate the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous everting sutures for lower eyelid involutional entropion in Chinese patients. "
01/01/2006 - "To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a simplified single-suture inferior retractor repair technique for involutional entropion. "
09/01/1999 - "To assess the long term efficacy of everting sutures in the correction of lower lid involutional entropion and to quantify the effect upon lower lid retractor function. "
07/01/1976 - "For more than two years postoperatively, this graft of septal mucosa has relieved patients of their entropion, and from all indications this correction will be permanent."
01/01/2006 - "The aim of the study was to assess the outcome of treatment of entropion by means of mucous and cartilage grafts, harvested from the nasal septum. "
05/01/2008 - "The use of a hard palate mucous membrane graft (HPMMG) has been previously described for upper and lower eyelid cicatricial entropion repair. "
05/01/2008 - "Cicatricial entropion repair with hard palate mucous membrane graft: surgical technique and outcomes."
05/01/2008 - "[Lower eyelid reconstruction of traumatically caused cicatricial entropion with amniotic membrane or mucosal membrane grafts]."
01/01/2005 - "45 lids of 43 patients having trachomatous cicatricial entropion of upper eye lids were operated by our modified surgical technique in which we combine bilamellar tarsal margin rotation procedure with blepharoplasty. "
11/27/1990 - "The entropion requires the association of horizontal lid shortening, lower eyelid retractors shortening, skin blepharoplasty with deep sutures (between preseptal and pretarsal orbicularis). "
01/01/2012 - "Other conditions such as ptosis, brow ptosis, entropion, ectropion, or eyelid retraction may also need to be corrected at the time a blepharoplasty is performed to ensure the best functional and aesthetic result. "
06/01/2011 - "A total of 25 eyelid specimens were studied; 15 of these were blepharoplasty specimens (experimental) and 10 were entropion/ectropion specimens of patients without DC (controls). "
07/01/2001 - "Exclusion criteria included follow-up duration of less than 6 months, previous lower eyelid blepharoplasty, previous conjunctival surgery other than chalazion removal, or cicatricial entropion. "
|4.||Hair Removal (Depilation)
08/01/2012 - "Epilation and entropion surgery had been performed in 30.3% and 10.4% of affected females, respectively. "
02/01/2006 - "Adjusted models showed a protective effect of epilation in eyes with moderate or severe entropion (OR: 0.51; 95% CI: 0.32 to 0.83 and OR: 0.24; 95% CI: 0.13 to 0.45, respectively). "
01/01/2012 - "Controlling for age and degree of entropion, successful epilation was associated with less corneal opacity (odds ratio [OR], 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI]. "
01/01/2012 - "A single ophthalmologist examined all participants for signs of trachoma using WHO grading systems with additional assessment of entropion grading, location and number of trichiatic lashes, and evidence of epilation. "
03/01/1999 - "At the trichiasis/entropion stage, lid surgery is recommended, but many patients only use epilation, which does not prevent loss of vision. "
08/15/1985 - "A total of 136 injections was given to 83 patients for strabismus (99 injections), blepharospasm (29 injections), and spastic entropion (eight injections). "
07/01/2013 - "The purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment of iatrogenic entropion (IE), in patients affected by primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), by botulinum toxin injections (BTI). "
05/01/1997 - "Botulinum Toxin A injections are of considerable therapeutic value in blepharospasm, spastic entropion, lagophthalmus, as well in paralytic strabismus and certain cases of concomitant strabismus."