|2.||Wound Infection (Wound Infections)
|1.||Heuwieser, W: 14 articles (01/2014 - 03/2000)|
|2.||Caritis, Steve N: 8 articles (10/2015 - 12/2004)|
|3.||Varner, Michael W: 8 articles (10/2015 - 12/2004)|
|4.||Gilbert, R O: 8 articles (06/2015 - 09/2009)|
|5.||Galvão, K N: 8 articles (09/2014 - 04/2009)|
|6.||Spong, Catherine Y: 8 articles (04/2012 - 12/2004)|
|7.||Leveno, Kenneth J: 7 articles (10/2015 - 12/2004)|
|8.||Sorokin, Yoram: 7 articles (10/2015 - 12/2004)|
|9.||Wapner, Ronald J: 7 articles (10/2015 - 12/2004)|
|10.||Drillich, M: 7 articles (01/2014 - 09/2002)|
|1.||Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)IBA
01/01/2014 - "Whereas the previous version of this review showed a statistically significant reduction in endometritis with the use of antibiotics, no such effect was shown in this update (average risk ratio (RR) 0.34, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05 to 2.31). "
03/01/1984 - "On the other hand, the presence of a mixture of high- and low-virulence organisms in the AMC or of high-virulence anaerobes only--more specifically, gram-negative anaerobes--was predictive of subsequent postcesarean endometritis only for patients who did not receive perioperative antibiotics, and therapy significantly decreased the incidence of endometritis associated with these AMC patterns. "
11/01/1983 - "There was a significant reduction in the incidence of postoperative endomyometritis in the group prophylactic antibiotics (12/45, 26.7%) compared to the control group not given prophylactic antibiotics (20/39, 51.3%), p less than 0.05. "
01/01/1986 - "Administration of antibiotics by irrigation is equally effective in preventing postoperative febrile morbidity and endomyometritis as intravenous dosing and a combination of intravenous and irrigation. "
11/01/1983 - "Other identified advantages that resulted from the use of prophylactic antibiotics included a shorter duration of treatment required for postoperative endomyometritis in the group given prophylactic antibiotics and an increased likelihood of being cured by initial therapy for endomyometritis in the group given prophylactic antibiotics (100% versus 70%). "
|2.||Gentamicins (Gentamicin)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1996 - "In patients with postpartum endometritis, once-daily gentamicin dosing provides consistently high peak serum levels of gentamicin, requires less nurse tasking time, costs less, and is as effective as the 8-hour dosing regimen."
06/01/1996 - "To evaluate whether once-daily gentamicin dosing is as effective as the traditional 8-hour regimen for the treatment of postpartum endometritis. "
02/01/1989 - "Postpartum women receiving gentamicin for endometritis were studied to determine if selective determination of gentamicin serum levels was cost-effective in terms of safety and efficacy. "
03/01/2001 - "In this study 10 women with post partum endometritis were given once daily intravenous gentamicin (4 mg/kg ideal body weight) followed at a later day by a similar intramuscular dose. "
09/01/2004 - "This may be of importance considering the potentially negative effect of gentamicin sulfate on uterine involution in cows with puerperal endometritis, resulting in impairment of fertility performance."
|3.||Clindamycin (Cleocin)FDA LinkGeneric
12/01/1988 - "Treatment of postpartum endometritis has classically been with clindamycin plus an aminoglycoside. "
05/01/1981 - "The levels of clindamycin in the above-mentioned tests state how samples were compared with the minimal inhibitory concentration of the offending anaerobic pathogens in cases of endometritis."
07/01/1984 - "hominis has been strongly linked to postabortal fever and to postpartum fever and endometritis, our results indicate that clindamycin should be evaluated in treatment trials in pregnancy aimed at prevention of M. "
01/03/1981 - "Patients with endometritis or adnexitis usually received clindamycin in combination with an aminopenicillin. "
09/01/1991 - "The addition of clindamycin to provide anaerobic coverage for intra-amnionic infection does not significantly alter the incidence of endometritis in women delivered by cesarean section, although it may have an impact on women delivering vaginally."
|4.||Ampicillin (Omnipen)FDA LinkGeneric
03/01/2006 - "Ampicillin has been reported to be an effective AMA in reducing post-partum endometritis and our observation also corroborates with this finding."
01/01/1996 - "Group B streptococcal prophylaxis with a short course of intravenous ampicillin increases the risk of postpartum endomyometritis in patients with premature PROM."
01/01/1996 - "There was a significantly higher incidence of postpartum endomyometritis among the patients who received ampicillin (62% vs. 22%; P < 0.01). "
07/01/2000 - "Antibiotic therapy for patients with preterm PROM was associated with a decrease in the rate of endometritis and a trend toward less neonatal sepsis but an increase in the proportion of gram-negative and ampicillin-resistant organisms causing neonatal sepsis."
01/01/1996 - "There was a significant reduction in the ampicillin group (vs. the placebo group) of the prevalence of neonatal infection (OR 19.0; 95% CI 5.5-80.8), histological chorioamnionitis (OR 5.9; 95% CI 2.0-19.4) and puerperal endometritis-myometritis (OR 3.7; 95% CI 1.3-10.3). "
|5.||Cefoxitin (Cefoxitin Sodium)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/1985 - "Local use of cefoxitin sodium appears effective in reducing the incidence of endomyometritis. "
10/01/1990 - "In this study, cefoxitin alone (2 gm, every 8 hours) was generally sufficient to cure postpartum endometritis, even when the patient had received prophylaxis with a beta-lactam antibiotic. "
02/01/2008 - "The use of prophylactic intrapartum cefoxitin in HIV-infected women reduces the risk of postpartum endometritis."
02/01/2008 - "There was a 53% reduction in risk of postpartum endometritis in the cefoxitin group (95% confidence interval, 0.24-0.9). "
12/01/1987 - "This finding was not statistically significant (P less than .397) when compared to the 12.1% incidence of endometritis (7 of 58) with cefoxitin. "
|6.||Ticarcillin (Tarcil)FDA Link
07/01/1984 - "Ticarcillin appears to be effective in reducing the incidence of postcesarean endomyometritis in adolescent patients. "
07/01/1984 - "The patients who received prophylactic ticarcillin had one-half the endomyometritis rate as the placebo group. "
06/01/1982 - "Among the 139 patients who received ticarcillin, endomyometritis developed in 44 (32%), as it did in 66 of 120 patients (55%) in the placebo group. "
06/01/1982 - "Ticarcillin appears to be effective in reducing the incidence of post-cesarean section endomyometritis in patients at high risk and in those at low risk. "
06/01/1982 - "The efficacy of ticarcillin in the prevention of post-cesarean section endomyometritis was studied in 259 women randomly given either the antibiotic or a placebo. "
09/01/2002 - "Administration of PGF2 alpha between 20 and 26 DIM to cows with endometritis that did not have a palpable corpus luteum was associated with a significant reduction in pregnancy rate. "
07/01/2005 - "It is concluded that application of PGF2alpha in the 4th and 6th week post partum in a 14 day interval in cases of severe endometritis is more effective than the application of the same treatment two weeks later."
09/01/2002 - "The objective of this field trial was to compare the effect of intrauterine (i.u.) antibiotic or intramuscular (i.m.) prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) on time to pregnancy in dairy cows diagnosed with clinical endometritis between 20 and 33 days in milk (DIM). "
10/01/2009 - "Effect of prostaglandin F2alpha on subclinical endometritis and fertility in dairy cows."
05/01/2006 - "In conclusion, repeated administration of PGF2alpha to cows in this herd had no effect on the prevalence of clinical endometritis at 22 and 58 days post partum, and that there was no effect on the probability of pregnancy after insemination at estrus among cows with a voluntary waiting period of > 100 days, or at timed AI at 85 days in milk when Presynch was employed."
|8.||Metronidazole (Metric)FDA LinkGeneric
11/01/2001 - "To estimate the efficacy of preoperative administration of intravaginal metronidazole for the prevention of postcesarean endometritis. "
10/01/2004 - "Because these organisms were strongly associated with endometritis, we recommend that all women with PID be treated with regimens that include metronidazole."
11/01/2001 - "The preoperative administration of 5 g of intravaginal metronidazole gel appears to reduce the incidence of postcesarean endometritis."
11/01/2001 - "Of 112 patients receiving metronidazole, eight (7%) developed postcesarean endometritis, compared with 19 of 112 (17%) of those receiving placebo gel (relative risk 0.42, 95% confidence interval 0.19, 0.92). "
11/01/2001 - "Adjunctive intravaginal metronidazole for the prevention of postcesarean endometritis: a randomized controlled trial."
|9.||sultamicillin (ampicillin-sulbactam)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/1994 - "Therapy with ampicillin/sulbactam may be an equally effective and efficient way to treat patients with early postpartum endometritis."
06/01/1991 - "[The use of the combined preparation ampicillin/sulbactam (Unasyn) in the therapy of puerperal endometritis]."
08/01/1996 - "To evaluate the efficacy of intrapartum prophylactic administration of ampicillin-sulbactam in reducing intraamniotic infection and postpartum endometritis in patients with meconium-stained amniotic fluid (AF). "
06/01/1994 - "To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ampicillin-sulbactam (3 g every 6 hours) in patients with pelvic inflammatory disease or postpartum endometritis using a randomized, comparative, multicenter study of parallel design. "
04/01/1990 - "Ampicillin/sulbactam and clindamycin were found to be equally efficacious in the treatment of postpartum endometritis."
|10.||Prostaglandins F (PGF)IBA
05/01/2013 - "Because of a wide discordance between research results, a meta-analysis of the efficacy of the treatment of bovine endometritis with PGF(2α) was conducted. "
05/01/2013 - "The objective of the conducted meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of the treatment of bovine endometritis with PGF(2α) by statistical means. "
05/01/2013 - "Furthermore, there is a shortage of comparable high quality studies investigating reproductive performance after PGF(2α) treatment of cows with chronic endometritis."
08/01/2012 - "The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality and comparability of published literature, and to summarize the effect of prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) for the treatment of endometritis. "
02/01/2008 - "An endometrial explant culture was developed that measured PGF(2alpha) and may be used to study endometritis."
|1.||Cesarean Section (Caesarean Section)
12/01/1980 - "Patients who underwent primary cesarean section were at significantly greater risk of developing postoperative endometritis than were patients undergoing a repeat procedure. "
05/01/1980 - "Therefore, patients with post-cesarean section endomyometritis have less febrile morbidity if they are initially treated with a drug effective against anaerobic bacteria, especially B fragilis."
07/01/1991 - "A retrospective analysis of 1000 case histories of women who delivered by cesarean section has helped define the principal factors of postsurgical endometritis risk. "
01/01/2012 - "The use of amnioinfusion for potential or suspected umbilical cord compression may be of considerable benefit to mother and baby by reducing the occurrence of variable FHR decelerations, improving short-term measures of neonatal outcome, reducing maternal postpartum endometritis and lowering the use of caesarean section, although there were methodological limitations to the trials reviewed here. "
01/01/2012 - "Transcervical amnioinfusion for potential or suspected umbilical cord compression was associated with the following reductions: caesarean section overall (13 trials, 1493 participants; average risk ratio (RR) 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46 to 0.83); fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations (seven trials, 1006 participants; average RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.38 to 0.74); Apgar score less than seven at five minutes (12 trials, 1804 participants; average RR 0.47, 95% CI 0.30 to 0.72); meconium below the vocal cords (three trials, 674 participants, RR 0.53, 95% CI 0.31 to 0.92); postpartum endometritis (six trials, 767 participants; RR 0.45, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.81) and maternal hospital stay greater than three days (four trials, 1051 participants; average RR 0.45, 95% CI 0.25 to 0.78). "
09/01/1990 - "Efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in preventing postoperative endometritis in certain high-risk patients has been well documented. "
01/01/2014 - "There are no randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent endometritis after manual removal of placenta in vaginal birth."
01/01/2014 - "All randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic prophylaxis and placebo or non antibiotic use to prevent endometritis after manual removal of placenta in vaginal birth. "
01/01/2006 - "There are no randomized controlled trials to evaluate the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent endometritis after manual removal of placenta in vaginal birth."
01/01/2006 - "All randomized controlled trials comparing antibiotic prophylaxis and placebo or non antibiotic use to prevent endometritis after manual removal of placenta in vaginal birth. "
|3.||Neonatal Intensive Care
12/01/2000 - "There were no differences in the frequency of endometritis rates or neonatal intensive care unit admission, whether vaginal or cesarean delivery occurred. "
04/01/2008 - "Women requiring cesarean delivery were more likely to have fetal acidemia, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit, chorioamnionitis, and endometritis. "
01/01/2004 - "No differences were seen for overall operative deliveries, endometritis, intrapartum or postpartum haemorrhage, uterine rupture, low Apgar scores, umbilical arterial pH or base excess, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit or fetal/neonatal death. "
01/01/2014 - "The quality of the evidence using GRADE was low for neonatal sepsis, postpartum endometritis, and neonatal mortality and morbidity prior to discharge (Neonatal intensive care admissions) and of moderate quality for chorioamnionitis. "
04/01/2007 - "The primary outcomes of interest included a maternal composite (composed of at least one of the following: endometritis, intraoperative surgical complication, blood transfusion, or wound complication) and neonatal composite (which included at least one of the following: Apgar score of 3 or less at 5 minutes, neonatal death, neonatal intensive care unit admission, seizure, delivery room intubation in the absence of meconium, or fetal injury). "
11/01/2008 - "Curettage pathology specimens showed chronic endometritis and calcification. "
03/01/2007 - "More than 80% of cases occur after pregnancy, but it has been observed in patients with a history of endometritis, dilation and curettage, and metabolic disorders. "
03/01/2000 - "In the second subgroup, among 30 patients--placental tissue was obtained at curettage in 9 patients (30%), decidual tissue in 13 patients (43.3%), fragments of myometrium and proliferative endometrium were detected in 5 patients (16.7%) and endometritis in 3 patients (10%). "
09/01/1992 - " She underwent dilation and curettage to prevent endometritis. "
01/01/1991 - "No subsequent curettage was performed during the follow-up period but 2 patients (1.6%) were readmitted because of post-abortion endometritis. "
04/01/2014 - "The per-pregnancy LBR for the treated chronic endometritis group was 7% (7/98) before treatment versus 56% (28/50) after treatment. "
01/01/2014 - "Echotexture parameters determined by the evaluation of sonographic B-mode images reflect changes in the endometrium and could be used for the evaluation of the recovery period after treatment of endometritis."
01/01/2014 - "Evaluation of endometrial echotexture and cervical cytology in cows during and after treatment of endometritis."
11/01/2002 - "Two pregnant cats with FAH aborted after treatment with aglépristone and subsequently developed endometritis. "
03/01/1999 - "Our working diagnosis in the emergency department was retained products of conception versus postabortion endometritis. "