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St. Louis Encephalitis

A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)
Also Known As:
Encephalitis, St. Louis; Encephalitis, Saint Louis; Encephalitis, Viral, St. Louis; St. Louis Meningoencephalitis; Type C Lethargic Encephalitis; Louis Meningoencephalitides, St.; Meningoencephalitides, St. Louis; St. Louis Meningoencephalitides; Lethargic Encephalitis, Type C; Meningoencephalitis, St. Louis; Saint Louis Encephalitis; St. Louis Viral Encephalitis
Networked: 95 relevant articles (1 outcomes, 5 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Meningoencephalitis
2. Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
3. Infection
4. Rabies (Hydrophobia)
5. Poliomyelitis (Polio)

Experts

1. Reisen, William K: 4 articles (05/2015 - 05/2004)
2. Fang, Ying: 3 articles (05/2015 - 05/2004)
3. Brault, Aaron C: 2 articles (05/2015 - 05/2009)
4. Figueiredo, Luiz Tadeu Moraes: 2 articles (05/2009 - 03/2007)
5. Kramer, Laura D: 2 articles (11/2008 - 01/2004)
6. Martin, Denise A: 2 articles (09/2007 - 11/2003)
7. Johnson, Alison J: 2 articles (09/2007 - 05/2003)
8. Day, Jonathan F: 2 articles (03/2004 - 07/2003)
9. Komar, Nicholas: 2 articles (05/2003 - 01/2003)
10. Arsnoe, Dustin M: 1 article (12/2014)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to St. Louis Encephalitis:
1. InterferonsIBA
2. Chikungunya virus infectionIBA
3. Interleukin-1beta (Interleukin 1 beta)IBA
4. Interferon-alpha (Interferon Alfa)FDA Link
5. Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGF-beta)IBA
6. CytokinesIBA
7. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (Tumor Necrosis Factor)IBA
8. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)IBA
9. AntibodiesIBA
10. AntigensIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Anesthesia
2. Microspheres (Microsphere)
3. Intravenous Injections