|2.||Diplopia (Double Vision)
|1.||Broniarczyk-Loba, Anna: 9 articles (01/2013 - 01/2002)|
|2.||Nowakowska, Olimpia: 8 articles (12/2012 - 01/2002)|
|3.||Goldberg, Robert A: 5 articles (02/2013 - 01/2003)|
|4.||Kupersmith, Mark J: 5 articles (10/2009 - 02/2003)|
|5.||Lee, J P: 4 articles (06/2011 - 09/2000)|
|6.||Baldeschi, Lelio: 4 articles (03/2008 - 01/2004)|
|7.||Wiersinga, Wilmar M: 4 articles (03/2008 - 01/2004)|
|8.||Selva, Dinesh: 3 articles (02/2015 - 05/2003)|
|9.||Kahaly, G J: 3 articles (01/2015 - 03/2004)|
|10.||Ben Simon, Guy J: 3 articles (01/2013 - 05/2004)|
|1.||Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum Toxin)IBA
12/01/2013 - "Approximately one-third of patients receiving botulinum toxin as a postoperative diplopia test maintained a significant reduction in the angle of their deviation prior to undergoing surgery."
01/01/2004 - "Botulinum toxin injection and prism therapy can be effective in eradicating paradoxical diplopia."
02/01/2001 - "The study group consisted of patients who had undergone botulinum toxin treatment and/or surgery for disabling diplopia, poor cosmesis or both. "
12/01/2013 - "Botulinum toxin as a postoperative diplopia test - it can also reduce the angle of deviation prior to surgery."
11/01/2012 - "A single botulinum toxin injection in the medial rectus with diffusion to the inferior rectus was effective as a temporary measure for the treatment of diplopia and attainment of a small field of binocular single vision. "
|2.||Prednisone (Sone)FDA LinkGeneric
08/01/2009 - "Diplopia was present at the last exam in 27% of the prednisone-treated (mean 7.2 years) and in 57% of the untreated (mean 4.6 years) OMG patients. "
08/01/2009 - "Generally, patients with diplopia were recommended for prednisone therapy. "
10/01/2005 - "These results suggest that 50-60 mg daily prednisone followed by lower doses (10 mg or less) has the benefit of resolving ptosis and diplopia that lasts for at least 2 years in approximately 70% of patients."
10/01/2005 - "55 patients with diplopia in primary or downward gaze and clinically demonstrable extraocular muscle dysfunction received prednisone. "
02/01/2003 - "Unless contraindicated, patients with diplopia were recommended for therapy with prednisone, up to 40 to 60 mg/d, with the dosage tapered for 5 to 6 weeks. "
|3.||Pyridostigmine Bromide (Pyridostigmine)FDA LinkGeneric
06/01/2012 - "She recently developed unilateral ptosis and diplopia which dramatically improved with pyridostigmine suggesting concomitant MG."
01/01/2000 - "Diplopia and ptosis improved with oral pyridostigmine. "
03/01/2007 - "However, an initial presentation of concurrent ptosis and diplopia and the presence of systemic involvement after follow up were significant factors associated with an insensitivity to pyridostigmine in patients with OMG (p = 0.001 and p = 0.01, respectively). "
03/01/2007 - "There were no significant differences in gender, age, the duration of symptoms before treatment, the dosage of pyridostigmine, and the initial presentations of ptosis or diplopia between the two groups. "
05/01/2003 - "Despite treatment with pyridostigmine bromide (mestinon) the diplopia persisted. "
|4.||Intravenous Immunoglobulins (IVIG)FDA Link
04/01/2010 - "The hiccups, diplopia, and ptosis were improved by corticosteroid therapy, but other symptoms were refractory to corticosteroid therapy and IVIg. "
10/22/2012 - "Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins resulted in an improvement of the patient's diplopia and polyneuropathy. "
08/01/1997 - "It is interesting to observe that in 28 IVIG-treated patients in whom it was possible to evaluate soft tissue involvement, proptosis and diplopia in the period between the fifth and sixth month from the start of therapy, the most important part of the amelioration (if responders) was already obtained at that time. "
08/01/1997 - "Diplopia improved or disappeared in 22 of 29 (75%) patients treated with IVIG and in 16 of 20 (80%) patients treated with corticosteroids. "
03/01/2000 - "Assuming intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) to also be effective in CPM, 0.4 g/kg body weight/d immunoglobulins were applied to a 48-year-old patient who developed CPM with double vision, dysarthria, dysphagia, and left-sided hemiparesis 3 weeks after spontaneous normalization of hyponatremia. "
11/01/2015 - "The patient responded to systemic steroids with resolution of diplopia. "
12/01/2011 - "High single (1 g per day) and cumulative (>6 g) doses of IV steroids are superior to lower single (0.5 g/d) and cumulative (<5 g) doses with respect to therapy response (84 vs 75%; p=0.034 and 83 vs 77%; ns, respectively), improvement of eye symptoms (87 vs 75%, p=0.052 and 85 vs 71%; ns, respectively) and disappearance of diplopia (32 vs 27%; ns and 48 vs 27%; p=0.08, respectively). "
09/01/2006 - "With the development of exposure keratopathy and diplopia associated with eyelid retraction, lagophthalmos, and decreased motility, increasing doses of steroids and intralesional steroid injections were instituted without effect. "
01/01/1987 - "Thirty-eight patients with computed tomography (CT)-proven orbital fractures and diplopia were studied prospectively to determine the efficacy of steroids in the medical management of orbital fractures. "
09/01/2000 - "The patient was treated with systemic steroids, and the proptosis and diplopia resolved. "
|6.||Edrophonium (Tensilon)FDA LinkGeneric
07/01/2006 - "However, nine months after the surgery, he noticed ptosis and double vision, and he was diagnosed as MG because of positive serum anti-AchR antibody and positive Tensilon test. "
09/01/2004 - "A 56-year-old man had fluctuating diplopia and fatigable ptosis, promptly relieved by intravenous edrophonium, leading to the diagnosis of ocular myasthenia gravis. "
05/01/2005 - "A female patient with pernicious anemia had clinical findings of ptosis, diplopia, proximal leg weakness, areflexia and a positive edrophonium test as well as the classic patterns initially of MG and later of LEMS on successive repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) tests. "
04/01/1996 - "She also has bilateral ptosis, diplopia, and moderate weakness of all four limbs; a positive edrophonium test confirmed the diagnosis of myasthenia gravis. "
01/01/1995 - "Patients with MG whose diplopia was Tensilon unresponsive were only found among those with exophthalmos. "
|7.||Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)IBA
01/01/2013 - "A 60-year-old man on chronic corticosteroids developed diplopia, gait instability and facial weakness. "
04/01/2004 - "Positive likelihood ratios in patients with these combinations and in those with diplopia were greater than 3. A normal erythrocyte sedi-mentation rate in patients not taking corticosteroids provided a high negative likelihood ratio of 40. "
01/01/2006 - "His symptoms, including proptosis and diplopia, improved after surgical debulking and use of systemic corticosteroids."
06/01/1985 - "It is reported a case of a 61 years-old man with progressive asthenia, disfagia, disphonia and diplopia, of variable intensity during the day, who had a very good response to anticolinesterasic drugs and corticosteroids. "
10/16/2013 - "Clinically, it is accompanied by dysarthria, ataxia and diplopia, and usually responds to treatment with corticoids. "
|8.||Acetazolamide (Diamox)FDA LinkGeneric
10/01/1991 - "Oral acetazolamide (250 mg twice daily) not only prevented all the periodic symptoms but also relieved their diplopia, which had been present between attacks."
09/01/1957 - "[Transitory disorder of refraction with monocular diplopia after diamox]."
09/01/2008 - "In a fifteen-year old, extremely obese adolescent with a history of headache and diplopia treatment with acetazolamide resulted in relief of the neurological symptoms."
10/01/2004 - "Conservative treatment with acetazolamide only partially alleviated the patient's headache and diplopia. "
11/01/1997 - "During the staying in the hospital the child performed a therapy with betamethasone and acetazolamide; the diplopia improved and the bilateral oedema of the papilla started to be less evident. "
|9.||Cyclosporine (Ciclosporin)FDA LinkGeneric
|10.||Hydrocortisone (Cortisol)FDA LinkGeneric
04/01/2001 - "Headache and diplopia spontaneously disappeared, and anterior pituitary dysfunction, general malaise and appetite loss improved after taking 10 mg hydrocortisone daily, although ACTH hyposecretion persisted. "
10/01/1994 - "The diplopia, which was diagnosed as abducent nerve paralysis, improved rapidly and reversed at about 6 weeks after discontinuation of interferon and during infusion of hydrocortisone. "
03/01/2001 - "Prognosis of diplopia after bony wall decompression for thyroid-related orbitopathy can be favorable with spontaneous reduction, prism, or surgical treatment. "
09/01/2008 - "Bony decompression of the orbit into the temporal fossa via an eyelid crease approach is an effective treatment for disfigurement in patients with thyroid-related orbitopathy and no preoperative diplopia."
05/01/2004 - "Thirty (83%) of the 36 patients with preoperative diplopia had also postoperative diplopia; 6 (16.7%) of the 36 patients had improvement in diplopia following deep lateral wall decompression. "
02/01/2013 - "[Management of induced diplopia after orbital decompression: study of 87 interventions in 51 patients]."
05/01/2003 - "The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a modified technique of 3-wall orbital decompression with preservation of a medial part of the periorbital tissue to support the medial rectus muscle, is able to reduce the postoperative risk of diplopia. "
06/01/2015 - "Exophthalmometry, eyelid aperture, CAS, diplopia and visual acuity (the latter only in patients with an initial reduction) improved significantly after treatment. "
01/01/2015 - "GKS can cause ONM, presenting as intermittent diplopia.ONM can occur quite rapidly after treatment with GKS.Treatment"
11/01/2013 - "After 3 sessions of treatment, the clinical efficacy, palpebral fissure size, pupil size, oculomotor range and the recovery in diplopia were compared before and after treatment in the two groups. "
12/01/2011 - "After treatment, all patients regained monofixational alignment, but up to one-third had continued diplopia. "
05/01/2011 - "The patient's preinfusion symptom of diplopia disappeared after treatment. "
01/01/2004 - "Radiotherapy was effective in improving eye muscle motility and decreasing the severity of diplopia. "
01/01/2012 - "Female patient with lacrimal gland involvement as a part of Sjögren΄s syndrome with diplopia and visus deterioration was treated by radiotherapy with eye shielding. "
11/01/2004 - "In the German-speaking countries the radiotherapy is, however, firmly established as a therapy option in the treatment of the moderate disease classes (class 2-5 according to NO SPECS), especially if diplopia is present. "
04/01/2002 - "None of the 12 patients with double vision in primary position pretreatment regained a central binocular field with radiotherapy alone. "
04/01/2002 - "A total of 27 patients had diplopia in primary position or a significantly reduced binocular field before undergoing radiotherapy. "
10/01/1999 - "Although they were not cured, 10 additional patients chose to have repeated BTXA injections to maintain their ocular alignment, whereas only 2 patients required occlusive methods to eradicate intractable diplopia. "
07/01/1997 - "Of 250 patients receiving about 1500 sets of injections, 25 (1.7%) incidents of diplopia occurred in 10 patients. "
05/01/1997 - "Transient diplopia as a result of block injections. "
05/01/1990 - "Other complications included: corneal exposure (after eight injections, 2.59%); face droop (after 11 injections, 3.57%); diplopia (after five injections, 1.62%); and subtle visual blurring (after eight injections, 2.59%). "
11/01/1984 - "The neuronal basis for diplopia following local anesthetic injections."
06/01/2006 - "Treatment consisted of prescribing the minimum prismatic correction that eliminated distance diplopia, which was then incorporated into the patients' current spectacles. "
04/01/2008 - "The second part consists of commentaries on various topics, including spectacles, telescopes, and physiological diplopia."
08/01/2007 - "He was complaining of diplopia with spectacles. "
02/01/2005 - "Three patients still required some prism in their spectacles for the relief of diplopia postoperatively (2 BO, 8 BO, 10 BO). "
01/01/2005 - "Diplopia was still present, though slightly reduced with the use of prism eyeglasses. "