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Congenital Hypothyroidism (Cretinism)

A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
Also Known As:
Cretinism; Myxedema, Congenital; Endemic Cretinism; Cretinism, Endemic; Hypothyroidism, Congenital
Networked: 1204 relevant articles (18 outcomes, 112 trials/studies)

Relationship Network

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Hypothyroidism
2. Goiter
3. Phenylketonurias (Phenylketonuria)
4. Mental Retardation (Idiocy)
5. Rubella (German Measles)

Experts

1. Van Vliet, Guy: 11 articles (09/2015 - 03/2002)
2. Hashemipour, Mahin: 11 articles (01/2015 - 01/2006)
3. Tonacchera, Massimo: 11 articles (11/2014 - 10/2003)
4. Agretti, Patrizia: 10 articles (11/2014 - 10/2003)
5. Pohlenz, Joachim: 9 articles (01/2014 - 04/2003)
6. Refetoff, Samuel: 9 articles (03/2012 - 10/2003)
7. Vulsma, Thomas: 9 articles (02/2008 - 07/2002)
8. Krude, Heiko: 8 articles (06/2015 - 02/2002)
9. Hovsepian, Silva: 8 articles (01/2015 - 07/2010)
10. Vitti, Paolo: 8 articles (11/2014 - 10/2003)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Congenital Hypothyroidism:
1. IodineIBA
2. Thyroxine (Levothyroxine)FDA LinkGeneric
3. HormonesIBA
4. Iodized OilIBA
5. Methimazole (Thiamazole)FDA LinkGeneric
6. thiocyanateIBA
7. Folic Acid (Vitamin M)FDA LinkGeneric
8. Immunoglobulin M (IgM)IBA
9. Immunoglobulin A (IgA)IBA
10. Thyrotropin (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone)FDA Link

Therapies and Procedures

1. Child Restraint Systems
2. Seat Belts (Seat Belt)
3. Prenatal Care
4. Thyroidectomy
5. Aftercare (After-Treatment)